|Stat'||Notes||Thumbnails: 203. 17 native species listed, with 14 from Ellura|
|Plants (Plantae) - Trees|
Always had a soft spot for these. They are easy to recognise when in fruit as they are so unique and the common name represents them perfectly.
A small, narrow tree, with long pale green leaves (that have a "hooked" pointed tip) and yellow/orange fruit; apricot in colour.
We have found their leaves to be very similar to E. longifolia (which we have hundreds of) so identification has been difficult.
The bark is pale, smooth & has small white horizontal lines on it (when younger) and is generally single trunked. E. longifolia is dark, rough, without the lines and is generally multi-trunked.
We only found one fruit this year (2012), so the extensive bird life we have at Ellura must have been enjoying them!
Unlike an apricot, the fruit splits on the tree to reveal multiple seeds, rather than a single stone.
The tree is often found with many (apparent) seedlings around it. Darren Schmitke tells us that they can sucker for up to 200m! So the seedlings may not be seedlings at all, but part of the same plant, growing from a damaged root. These used to be called Pittosporum phylliraeoides, but the name was changed to the current one. However, it's not a synonym because there is another plant called Pittosporum phylliraeoides now (these are coastal, where as P angustifolium is generally on the interior).
A small round tree with weeping habit.
Beautiful pale red trumpet flowers, typical of Eremophilas.
Myoporum platycarpum ssp perbellum
|Upright small tree with white flowers and long green leaves.|
Ours all have lilac spots in the flowers, whereas many of our ssp platycarpums don't.
Our ssp perbellums flowered a bit later than ssp platycarpum.
Apparently ssp perbellum is smaller that ssp platycarpum; but we can't easily notice the difference due to different aged trees.
The easiest way we differentiated was with the flower: ssp perbellum has lobes that are longer than the flower tube, while ssp platycarpum doesn't.
It seems the bracts are longer on ssp perbellum than ssp platycarpum as well, however, we haven't seen this in the literature so don't know if it's a reliable key.
Myoporum platycarpum ssp platycarpum
Upright small tree with white flowers and long green leaves. The flowers on our trees often have brown spots, or are totally white. The bark is rough.
They have fruit that are called drupes; basically stone fruit. But the outside flesh dries to a papery skin when ripe.
We have thousands of Mallee trees on Ellura (we think about 6 species), but they can only be identified when flowering.
This is the first we've been able to determine. Apparently you can't identify from bark, leaves, shape or colour of the trunk.
Buds are green with varying degrees of red highlights and a round cap.
Flowers are "crinkly" and creamy white.
We've heard reports old growth Mallee trees (which we have) can be 1,000 years old. It's hard not to admire them!
|Narrow-leaf Red Mallee|
Thank you Dean Nicolle for identifying this species for us
This beautiful mallee tree was absolutely laden with flowers.
It actually smelt like honey as you walked anywhere near it.
Before Dean highlighted our error, we thought some of these photo's were E. socialis
|Thank you Andrew Allanson for identifying this species for us|
This is Fred O'Mallee, our biggest Mallee tree.
We have been wanting to id him for a year now and finally he's in flower and we've got it
Most of our Mallee's are so similar it's very hard to tell them apart. But these Giants are more easily distinguished by their size and shape.
However, you still need the caps and nut to be sure.
Fred is home to many animals. Galahs that nest in it are worried about snake attack so remove the rough bark to stop the snakes from being able to climb to their nests.
|Coastal White Mallee|
Identifying Eucalypts is very difficult. While we have photo's here to help people they can't be used on their own. It is important to have a printed page with physical size drawings and a specimen of the buds, caps & nuts in hand placed over the drawing.
If we ever work out a way to show photo's at real size on your computer then these photo's would be usable.
In time we plan to put a lot more comparative photo's (ie photo's with multiple specimens to directly compare size & shape). But at this stage we are flat chat just getting our species identified and a set of representative photos on the net.
Melaleuca acuminata ssp acuminata
|Similar Species: Dryland Tea-tree |
Looks very similar to M. lanceolata. Up close they are quite different once you study them carefully:
Buds are ~2mm wide, leaves ~2mm wide & ~6mm long
Similar Species: Mallee Honey-myrtle
If you live on the coast you'd have no problem understanding this species is a tree. But if you live in the semi-arid regions of Australia, you may well question this, as this species is generally stunted and most specimens are bushes.
It is a characteristic of this species to be very variable in it's habit, depending on location (particularly based on water supply).
A very common, small, round, woody
It has very brittle thin branches that snap easily, with crusty brown bark.
The young growth is deceptively soft, but quickly stiffens up and becomes almost prickly, certainly scratchy.
Flowers form white bottle-brushes.
Being an arid environment, our specimens are quite stunted to those seen on the coast.
The flowers show the same style as the related Eucalypts, with the stamen being the dominant part of the flower.
We were keen to see how the pods formed, so photographed this series showing the flower receptacle (base of flower) turning into the seed pod.
|Southern Cypress Pine|
Thank you Andrew Thornhill for helping with the identification of this species
Thank you Mike Crisp for helping with the identification of this species
These tall trees can be 250 years old.
We feel blessed to have a small forest of them on Ellura.
Their habit varies greatly (we suspect some of this is age) from the typical cone (pyramid) shape of a conifer tree to a broader flat top affair.
Unlike pine trees, their (female) cones are individual nuts. They can get some lumps/bumps/warts on their surface, similar to Callitris verrucosa, but no where near the same extent/quantity.
They don't have typical flowers. They have strobili which are modified leaves that contain the reproductive organs. You would not feel foolish to think the leaves where dying as they go orange/brown in spring.
We got confirmation of this when a Spiny-cheeked Honeyeater flew into a Callitris tree near us and a cloud of white dust was created as it clipped the branch. The white dust was pollen!
We then took a video, tapping a "buch of flowers" showing all the pollen being released.
Mike Crisp let us know, through Andrew, that "Warts are not diagnostic for the species. Size of the cone and the growth habit are the main diagnostic. " Through DNA testing Mike has also discovered that C. preissii is not a synonym of C. gracilis; as previously though. They are in fact quite different.
Another species whose leaves are similar to both E. longifolia & P. angustifolium.
The leaves are much lighter/greyer green without a proper stalk. Perhaps slightly fatter, but still long with a "hooked" pointed tip.
Quandong start as a parasite of the roots of other plants. Having established themselves we believe them to be self sufficient.
Thank you Andrew Allanson for identifying this species for us
A small, round tree with grey bark.
Leaves are long, thin, slightly pointed and grey green.
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