Ellura Sanctuary, Swan Reach, SA, 5354
                      
It's possible 20 different species can look identical (needing dissection to differentiate); as such many id's here don't go to species level
Stat'NotesThumbnails: 2104.   339 native species listed, with 280 from Ellura
Animals (Animalia) - Jointed Legs (Arthropoda) - Insects (Insecta)
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Fairy Moth
:Adeloidea Adelidae
Dapled Fairy Longhorn Moth
Ceromitia cf iolampra
Na
a
Head & body ~7mm, wingspan ~15mm. Very long antennae at ~16mm long.
As you can see this one is very deformed. We'd suggest the wings didn't form properly in the begining, rather than being crushed later, as they both appear to be very restricted at certain points. Due to it's poor condition, it's difficult to be sure of our id.
Dorsal
Profile
Anterior
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Fairy Moth
:Adeloidea Adelidae
Black-headed Fairy Longhorn Moth
Nemophora laurella


iNaturalist
Na
a
SynonymNemophora topazias

Thank you Ethan Beaver for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Profile
Dorsal
Very long Antenna
Head
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Anthelid Moth
:Bombycoidea Anthelidae
Toothed Anthelid
Anthela basigera


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you RattyExplores for confirming the id of this species for us

Id was arrived at by matching on-line photo's. In future we will raise those we find to improve the id.
Dorsal, ~30mm
Ventral
Close up, head
Close up, white verrucae
Close up, red hair + blue patch
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Anthelid Moth
:Bombycoidea Anthelidae
Urticating Anthelid
Anthela nicothoe


iNaturalist
Na
a
Thank you Ethan Beaver & Ned Fisher for confirming the id of this species for us

Head & body ~25mm, wingspan ~70mm.
This is a fairly worn specimen.
Found in February.
Dorsal
Hindwing
Antennae
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Anthelid Moth
:Bombycoidea Anthelidae
Eyespot Anthelid
Anthela ocellata
Na
a
Found on the ground dead. Wingspan ~45mm
Male, dorsal
Male, forewing
Male, antenna
Male, antenna
Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Anthelid Moth
:Bombycoidea Anthelidae
Ruby Anthelid
Anthela rubeola


iNaturalist
Na
e m r
Thank you Ethan Beaver & Ned Fisher for confirming the id of this species for us

Head & body of adults is ~20mm, natural wingspan ~57mm, measured wingspan up to ~75mm. Larvae reach up to ~50mm long.
While called "Ruby" these can be anything from pale brown/grey through to ruby. Colour variation is not associated with gender.
Their legs & palps always seem to have ruby highlights, regardless of wing colour.
While males & females have bipectinate antennae, the females have much smaller pectinations. As is typical, the female bodies are much larger (longer & wider) than the males.
Notice the contrasting white hairs/scales on the knees.
Some larvae were found on Acacia hakeoides & others on Senna artemisioides. The larvae have 5 pairs of prolegs and 3 "real", or thoracic, legs (these are kept to adult, whereas the prolegs are lost). Notice also the spiracles (breathing holes) on their sides which are white, vertical ovals just above the prolegs.
We captured a larva in October 2021, which pupated soon after. It then emerged mid-June 2022, providing our first female; ie 8 months pupating. It's interesting to see the cocoon completely obscurs the pupal case. After she emerged we extracted the cocoon and cut it in half to show the solid pupal case inside; which was about 20mm long. The hole they emerge from is tiny, ~5mm round, compared to their body & wing size.
We didn't see an adult until May 2018 and suddenly we found around 20 males coming to night lights.
We have now photographed 20 adult specimens in May, Jun, Jul & Aug. We have photographed 5 larvae in Oct.
🔍S4, Grey Male, dorsal
🔍S5, Ruby Male, dorsal
🔍S6, Grey Male, dorsal
🔍S7, Ruby Male, dorsal
S8, Grey Male, size comparison
Ruby Males, dorsal
🔍S12, Ruby Male, dorsal
🔍S15, Grey Male, dorsal
🔍S20, Ruby Male, dorsal, Battered
🔍S4, Grey Male, profile
🔍S5, Ruby Male, profile
🔍S4, Grey Male, anterior
🔍S5, Ruby Male, anterior
🔍S4, Grey Male, ventral
S1, Lavae, dorsal
S2, Lavae, dorsal
🔍S2, Lavae, profile
S1, Lavae, anterior
S2, Lavae, Face
S3, Lavae, Face
S2, Lavae, Spiracle
S2, Lavae, Unid'ed Mite
S2, Lavae, Proleg Feet
S2, Lavae, ventral
🔍S24, Larva, dorsal
🔍S24, Larva, profile
🔍S24, Larva, Face
🔍S24, Larva, ventral
🔍S24, Cocoon
🔍S24, Cocoon, Close Up
🔍S24, Grey Female, dorsal
🔍S24, Grey Female, profile
🔍S24, Grey Female, Hindwing
🔍S24, Grey Female, Under Wings
🔍S24, Grey Female, Antenna, dorsal
🔍S24, Grey Female, Antenna, profile
🔍S24, Grey Female, ventral
🔍S24, Pupal Case
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Snout Moth
:Bombycoidea Lasiocampidae
Gum Snout Moth
Entometa guttularis


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Matt Campbell for confirming the id of this species for us

~25mm long, with starkly contrasting red to orange hind wings.
Pretty rare in SA.
Can be separated from the more usual Entometa fervens by the lack of a dark patch under the hind wing.
🔍Male, dorsal
🔍Male, profile, Wings Up
🔍Male, profile, Wings Down
🔍Male, Hindwing
🔍Male, Antenna
🔍Male, Antenna, end on
🔍Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Snout Moth
:Bombycoidea Lasiocampidae
Clear Winged Snout Moth
Genduara subnotata


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Peter Marriott & Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

~17mm long, ~33mm wingspan.
The caterpillars have variations in colour (from grey to brown).
The adults reflect blue in artificial light that isn't visible in sunlight, which are camera artefacts
Males loose their scales easily to show clear wings. Even the female wings are quite translucent.
Both Males & females have large bipectinate antennae (2 rows of filaments)
On 25th April 2017, we caught specimen 8 as a caterpillar and raised her to adult. She was found on Leafless Cherry (Exocarpos aphyllus) and was ~34mm long (ignoring hairy horns). She pupated pretty quickly so was in her final stage as a caterpillar. Notice she is quite white compared with other on-line photo's; which indicates this isn't just wear but a local variation. Possibly due to her food source. Our caterpillars also have a white streak on the back, which is less prominent in most other on-line photo's.
The eggs depicted here are assumed to be this species, we didn't raise them to prove they are this species. They were on Exocarpos aphyllus that the caterpillar was found on.
We've added photo's of a new larva that was damaged. It turned out to be parasitised by a bristle fly: Fleshfly-mimicking Bristle Fly (Exorista sp)
You can see it's injured on the middle of it's back. It exhibited strange behaviour, rearing up bending at the "bruised" area. We suspect it was in pain :-( It started cocooning that day.
🔍Eggs
🔍S8: Female, larva, dorsal
🔍S8: Female, larva, profile
🔍S8: Female, pupa
🔍S8: Female, dorsal
🔍S8: Female, profile
🔍S8: Female, anterior
🔍S8: Female, underwings
🔍S8: Female, translucent wings
🔍S8: Female, forewing patch
🔍S8: Female, ventral
S2: Larva, dorsal
S4: Larva, dorsal, ~22mm
S4: Larva, Head, showing ocelli
S4: Larva, ventral
S5: Larva, dorsal, ~23mm
S5: Larva, profile
S1: Female, dorsal, thin
S1: Female, profile
S6: Female, dorsal, ~20mm
S6: Female, profile, wingspan ~32mm
🔍S6: Female, Released
S6: Female, anterior
S6: Female, posterior
S6: Female, ventral
S7: Female, Body, dorsal
S7: Female, Body, profile
S7: Female, Eye + Antenna
🔍S12: Parisitised Larva, dorsal
🔍S12: Parisitised Larva, profile
🔍S12: Parisitised Larva, Eyes
🔍S12: Parisitised Larva, Rearing Up
🔍S12: Parisitised Larva, Injury
🔍S12: Parisitised Larva, Face
🔍S12: Parisitised Larva, Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Snout Moth
:Bombycoidea Lasiocampidae
Dryland Sheoak Moth
Pernattia chlorophragma


iNaturalist
Na
r
Other Common NamesShe-oak Moth or She Oak Moth

Thank you RattyExplores for confirming the id of this species for us

~30mm long. Found in a She-oak area.
🔍Dorsal
🔍Profile
🔍Dog Collar
🔍Tufts
🔍Anterior
🔍Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Snout Moth
:Bombycoidea Lasiocampidae
Rusty Snout Moth
Symphyta MoV1


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Axel Kallies for confirming the id of this species for us

~18mm long, ~35mm wingspan. They have very finely scoloped trailing wings, with the points highlighted with black. A very buff looking moth.
We've photographed 4 males that came to night lights in Nov, Dec & Jan.
🔍Male, dorsal
🔍Male, profile
🔍Male, Hindwing
Male, Antenna Filaments
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Snout Moth
:Bombycoidea Lasiocampidae
Black Striked Snout Moth
Symphyta MoV2


iNaturalist
Na
e m
1st Live Photo's on-line: This is figured in Moths of Victoria (MoV) part 1 as Symphyta sp. (2)
The female was larger with head & body ~17mm, wingspan ~38mm. Males have head & body ~15mm, wingspan ~31mm.
While both genders have bipectinate antennae, you can see from the photo's the males have much larger antennae (in proportion to body size) than the females. Also notice the males have a much more contrasting colour scheme with blacks & whites, rather than the more drab greys & browns of the female.
Very similar to Symphyta oxygramma; the differences are unclear. It seems S. oxygramma has brown antennae pectinations while this one has black pectinations. S. oxygramma is known from Broken Hill NSW & WA, indicating NW Victoria & the arid regions of SA are also likely locations for it to be found.
Similar to the Genduara subnotata above, these have thin, translucent wings.
We photographed 10 specimens (1F, 9M) from April to May.
S3: Male, dorsal, tenting
S4: Male, dorsal
🔍S5: Female, dorsal
🔍S5: Female, dorsal, tenting
🔍S8: Male, dorsal
S1: Male, profile
S2: Male, profile
S3: Male, profile
S4: Male, profile
🔍S5: Female, profile
S6: Male, profile
🔍S8: Male, profile
S4: Male, Body, profile
🔍S5: Female, Body, profile
S4: Male, anterior
🔍S8: Male, Stance
🔍S8: Male, Antenna
S3: Male, Hindwing
🔍S5: Female, Hindwing
S3: Male, Translucent Wings
🔍S5: Female, Underwings
🔍S8: Male, Underwing
S3: Male, ventral
🔍S5: Female, ventral
🔍S8: Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Emperor Moth
:Bombycoidea Saturniidae
Helena Gum Moth
Opodiphthera helena
Na
a
 
Male, Adult, Fore-wings only, dorsal
Male, Adult, Partial Hind-wings, dorsal
🔍Male, Adult, All 4 Wings, dorsal
Male, Adult, front
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Hawk Moth
:Bombycoidea Sphingidae
Convolvulus Hawk Moth
Agrius convolvuli


iNaturalist
Na
a
Thank you Dianne Clarke for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Adult Male, profile
Male, fore-wing pattern
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Hawk Moth
:Bombycoidea Sphingidae
Vine Hawk Moth
Hippotion celerio


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Stomlins701 for confirming the id of this species for us

~40mm long & ~72mm wingspan.
Note the fine hairs on the antennae making this a male.
Also not the stunning hot pink hindwings & orange racing stripes down the side of the thorax.
One specimen found in March.
🔍Male, dorsal
🔍Male, profile
🔍Male, Forewing
🔍Male, Windwing
🔍Male, Head & Antenna
🔍Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Hawk Moth
:Bombycoidea Sphingidae
Scrofa Hawk Moth
Hippotion scrofa


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Other Common NameCoprosma Hawk Moth

Thank you Matt Campbell, Prof Victor W Fazio III† & David Muirhead for confirming the id of this species for us

~35mm long & ~70mm wingspan.
Came to night light.
Female as it has no hairs/pectinations/filaments on the antennae. While not obvious, the male does have tiny ones as can be seen in the photo's here.
Stunning red or orange (depending on specimen) hind wings.
Two specimens found in Jan & Mar.
🔍Female, dorsal
🔍Female, profile
🔍Female, partial Hindwing
🔍Female, anterior
🔍Female, Antenna
🔍Female, perspective
🔍Female, ventral
🔍Male, dorsal
🔍Male, profile
🔍Male, profile, wings up
🔍Male, under wings
🔍Male, Hindwing
🔍Male, Damanged Forewing
🔍Male, Antenna
🔍Male, Antenna
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Hawk Moth
:Bombycoidea Sphingidae
Desert Hawk Moth
Hopliocnema brachycera


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

These are small for Hawk Moths. ~20-23mm long & ~41-49mm wingspan. Female antennae are bipectinate, but easily mistaken for filiform as the pectinations/teeth are so short. Males have a strange antennae structure. Officially they are bipectinate (2 "teeth" off each antennal segment, with larger "teeth" than females), but compared with other bipectinate antennae they are very complex; as can be seen in the photo's. We would actually class them as quad-pectinate (4 main "teeth" per antenna segment). The pectinations are more like fans rather than individual teeth or filaments. The latin "pectin" means comb, implying the bipectinate antennae are like combs with two rows of teeth.
The antennae also appear to be two coloured; with white scales covering on top, and ochre brown under. In fact the ochre brown is the colour of the antennae and the white scales can wear off.
They are nearly impossible to distinguish from the other species in the genus. Their hindwings are diagnostic and are basically white (to pale grey) with some possible horizontal striping.
H. ochra has a deeply coloured, orange, discal spot on the forewings. While H. brachycera's spot can be grey to beige, it's not orange.
H. lacunosa is harder to separate from H. brachycera with a darker strip on the inner margin of the hind wing.
H. lacunosa seems restricted to a small area in the South of WA. H. ochra is in the north of SA, as well as WA & NT. H. brachycera is found in all mainland States.
There is a chestnut/red tinge to the ventral abdomen scales.
The body has a black tuft behind the shoulders, between the wings, that shows in the profile shots.
The forewing lines look somewhat variable in shape.
When the scales wear off on the their abdomen, their skin looks green.
We have included a large number of photo's to show the differences between individuals; as well as when worn.
We have photographed 13 specimens, 11 Males (Nov, Dec & Jan), 2 Females (Nov & Dec) plus eggs.
S1, Male: dorsal, tent
S2, Male: dorsal, closed
S8, Male: dorsal, tent
S10, Male: dorsal, closed
S11, Male: dorsal, tent
S12: dorsal, closed
S1, Male: dorsal, open
S3, Male: dorsal, open
S4, Male: dorsal, open
S5, Male: dorsal, open
S7, Male: dorsal, open
S9, Male: dorsal, open
S11, Male: dorsal, open
S6, Female: dorsal, open
S13, Female: dorsal, open
S1, Male: profile
S2, Male: profile
S10, Male: profile
S2, Male: Forewing
S4, Male: Hindwing
S7, Male: Hindwing
S8, Male: Hindwing
S9, Male: Hindwing
S11, Male: Hindwing
S6, Female: Hindwing
S13, Female: Hindwings
S2, Male: Antennae white scales
S9, Male: Antenna, worn scales
S11, Male: Antenna Segments
S3, Male: Antenna fans
S6, Female: Antenna
S10, Male: anterior
S13, Female: anterior
S14: Eggs from S13
S7, Male: ventral
S11, Male: ventral
S6, Female: ventral
S13, Female: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Hawk Moth
:Bombycoidea Sphingidae
Australian Striped Hawk Moth
Hyles livornicoides


iNaturalist
Na
a
Thank you Stephen Fricker for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Adult, dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Sun Moth
:Castnioidea Castniidae
Orange-spotted Sun Moth
Synemon parthenoides ssp parthenoides


iNaturalist
Na
a
Other Common NameLink Moth

Similar Species: Klug's Xenica (Geitoneura klugii)
Thank you Ethan Beaver for confirming the id of this species for us

A very special thank you to Rusty Ryder for taking us to their location and pointing them out to us. In flight they looked very much like the brown butterflies around at the time. If Rusty wasn't there to point them out to us, we wouldn't have noticed them, just thinking they were fast flying brown butterflies.
A most unusual moth in that their antennae are the same as a butterflies, clubbed on the end; plus never sits with it's wings vertically together like butterflies.
As we weren't able to catch one, we have no size information, but they were smaller than the Klug's Xenica. Similar to Synemon sophia (another sun moth species). We suspect the 4th photo shows a female as the body is fatter & not as elongated as the other 3 (possibly males?). Notice the iridescence on the leading edge of the forewings (which disappears easily with a slight tilt) as well as along the trailing edge of all wings.
🔍Dorsal
🔍Iridescence
🔍Under wing
🔍Female? Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Wood Moth
:Cossoidea Cossidae
Undescribed Wood Moth
Archaeoses ANIC1


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† & Axel Kallies for confirming the id of this species for us

This is figured on Bold as Archaeoses ANIC1
We've photographed 14 specimens, varying in size between 14mm up to 21mm head & body length. It seems the larger ones have fatter bodies and suspect them to be females; with the shorter, slimmer ones males.
All were found in March & April.
S1: Male?, dorsal
S2: Male?, dorsal
S2: Male?, profile
S3: Female?, profile
S3: Female?, anterior
S2: Male?, Hindwings + Abdomen
S2: Male?, ventral
S5: Female?, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Wood Moth
:Cossoidea Cossidae
Tufted Wood Moth
Archaeoses pentasema


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Other Common NameTufted Goat Moth

Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming and Don Herbison-Evans & Peter Marriott for helping with the id of this species for us

A most unusual species, about 20mm long.
While it seemed this was a northern species we have now shown it exists in the south; along with A. polygrapha. We had 4 specimens come to a night light over a couple of days.
I asked Don Herbison-Evans for his thoughts and he agrees it looks more like A. pentasema than A. polygrapha. He then gave me some reading to do from the original descriptions by Lower. It was hard going and to be honest the only diagnostic I felt I could be truly certain of as a reliable difference was the antennae "base beneath sharply white". You can see this on both ventral & anterior photo's. The abdomen is generally darker with this one as well.
Surprisingly the ventral abdomenal black stripe wasn't mentioned anywhere.
Peter Marriott (who heads up the "Moths of Victoria" team and has helped us in the past), saw this page and kindly told us that they have records of A. pentasema in North Western Victoria. We share a lot of species with North Western Victoria; suddenly it's not such a surprise to have them at Ellura now
Peter also showed us 3 specimens collected there and ours match up beautifully with those
Further Peter let us know they feed on Myoporum, common trees on Ellura.
We photographed 11 specimens in Feb, March & April.
S2: Dorsal
S1: Profile
S2: Profile
S3: Profile
S5: Profile
S2: Anterior
S2: Hindwings
S1: Abdomen, profile
S1: Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Wood Moth
:Cossoidea Cossidae
Singed Wood Moth
Culama crepera


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Axel Kallies for identifying this species for us

~15mm long, ~36mm wingspan.
Very Dark Grey. 1st image attempts to show correct colour, others are lighter to highlight the lines & patterns.
It came to a night light & sheet.
Found one specimen in March.
🔍Dorsal, natural colour
🔍Dorsal
🔍Profile
🔍Antennae
🔍Anterior
🔍Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Wood Moth
:Cossoidea Cossidae
Wood Moth
Endoxyla amphiplecta


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Other Common NameGoat Moth

Thank you Ethan Beaver for identifying and Mark Ridgeway for helping with the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line: Marie found this large moth being attacked by small ants. Unsure of what was going on, we put her in a container, but couldn't get the ants off (being those tiny minute ones). Brought her back to the van and found eggs in the container. Using tweezers we got the ants off, which gave her some relief. Realising she was gravid took her out into a big pot full of local soil. She immediately started to push her ovipositor into the soil and "rippled" as she pushed eggs out (we assume). Clearly she can't fly, but has wings. A more technical term for reduced winged, flightless insects is "Brachypterous".
Finding the female takes a keen observer and is a rare find, while males are not so rare. A very worn and battered specimen making 100% identification impossible. But given her body & head size of about 60mm and being in SA, E. amphiplecta seems to fit the best. She's not as dirty as she looks; the "dirt" is actually her only remaining scales she has left. Her damaged wings were about 25mm long, body width approx 10mm, giving a wingspan of ~60mm.
Since Ethan id'ed the female, we found a male of what we think is this species. Again, it's difficult to be sure with this genus and the amount of wear they endure; possibly extracting themselves from the pupal tube.
The male has head & body ~26mm, wingspan ~45mm (under half her size).
Female, profile
Female, anterior
Female, Laying eggs
Female, Ovipositor
Eggs, ~1mm long
🔍Male, dorsal
Male, profile
Male, anterior
Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Wood Moth
:Cossoidea Cossidae
Wattle Wood Moth
Endoxyla cf encalypti
Na
e m
Other Common NameWattle Goat Moth

Head & body ~73mm, wingspan ~140mm or wider (hard to say as she lost her wing tips)
A number of Endoxyla females are flightless with reduced wings (brachypterous). But with this species the female has fully developed wings; which she has since battered severely.
Female, dorsal
Female, profile
Female, head
Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Wood Moth
:Cossoidea Cossidae
Wood Moth
Endoxyla coscinophanes
Na
m
Other Common NameGoat Moth

Thank you Axel Kallies for confirming the id of this species for us

As with all these Endoxylas, id to species for amateurs is nearly impossible; due to wear & the variable nature of their patterns. We are lucky to have experts help us with our id's for these difficult to id species.
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Wood Moth
:Cossoidea Cossidae
Witchetty Grub
Endoxyla leucomochla


iNaturalist
Na
f
Thank you Axel Kallies for confirming the id of this species for us

~190mm wingspan. One huge female found in November
🔍Female, profile
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Wood Moth
:Cossoidea Cossidae
Arid Wood Moth
Endoxyla punctifimbria
Na
e m
Other Common NameGoat Moth

Thank you Peter Marriott for identifying this species for us

Head & body ~45mm, wingspan ~90mm.
Male, dorsal
Male, profile, ~45m
Male, anterior
Male, side, wingspan ~80mm
Male, Shoulders, dorsal
Male, Shoulders, profile
Male, Body, profile
Male, Body, dorsal
Male, Hindwing, under
Male, Antenna & Eye
Male, Antenna
Male, Scales
Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Wood Moth
:Cossoidea Cossidae
Small Wood Moth
Sympycnodes arachnophora
Na
e m
Other Common NameSmall Goat Moth

Thank you Axel Kallies for identifying this species for us

Head & body ~22mm, wingspan ~40mm.
We previously thought this was Sympycnodes epicycla.
Male, dorsal
Male, profile
Male, Hindwing
Male, Abdomen
Male, Antennae
Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Fringe-tufted Moth
:Epermenioidea Epermeniidae
Shark moth
Epermenia cf exilis
Na
a
 
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Seed Borer
:Gelechioidea Cosmopterigidae
Cosmet Moth
Limnaecia camptosema


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you David Akers for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Seed Borer
:Gelechioidea Cosmopterigidae
Burnt Cosmet Moth
Macrobathra cf alternatella
Na
e m
We didn't get to catch this one, so didn't get size details nor ventral shots. Small

It's white striped antennae are very distinctive, while the white wing patches are quite variable.
Found in November.
Profile
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Seed Borer
:Gelechioidea Cosmopterigidae
Lined Cosmet Moth
Macrobathra harmostis
Na
e m
 
Profile
Dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Seed Borer
:Gelechioidea Cosmopterigidae
Tufted Moth
Trachydora sp
Na
e m
Other Common NameShark Moth

Estimated wingspan from the flyscreen is ~12mm. A small moth with a number of tufted scales on the back, with orange bases, and the trailing forewings are turned up when at rest.
Profile
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Black-spotted Moth
:Gelechioidea Ethmiidae
Black-spotted Moth
Ethmia anthracopis


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Ethan Beaver for confirming the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line:
Profile
Dorsal
Front
Close up of Rear
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Black-spotted Moth
:Gelechioidea Ethmiidae
Black-spotted Moth
Ethmia eupostica


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Dr Bevan Buirchell for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Twig Moth
:Gelechioidea Hypertrophidae
Southern Twig Moth
Thudaca calliphrontis


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Axel Kallies for confirming the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line: Head & body ~7mm, wingspan ~20mm. Known as an SA species, it has also been found in Perth. This is the most easterly location we can find, which suggests it might also exist in Victoria.
2 specimens found in October & November.
🔍S2: Dorsal
🔍S1: Profile
🔍S2: Profile
S2: Anterior
🔍S1: Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Twig Moth
:Gelechioidea Hypertrophidae
Satin Twig Moth
Thudaca campylota


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line: Head & body ~7mm, wingspan ~20mm.
The first example is a very worn and old specimen. It is normally much more yellow, as can be seen by the following shots.
We've photographed 3 specimens, all in November
S1: dorsal
🔍S2: dorsal
🔍S1: profile
🔍S2: profile
S1: Partial Hindwing
S1: Palps
S1: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tropical Longhorned Moth
:Gelechioidea Lecithoceridae
Tropical Longhorned Moth
Crocanthes glycina


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

~8mm long with antennae slightly longer than the body, ~18mm wingspan.
Seems to be completely out of place in this parched semi-arid environment. They are found all along the Eastern Seaboard. There are some near Perth, which makes it look cosmopolitan (ie human transported) but they actually have different DNA.
We've never seen a moth with palps that are actually rolled up!
Came to night light sheet.
Found one in April
🔍Dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Brown Concealer Moth
Barea codrella


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Tiny little moth, it's sitting on a 22" computer screen and the squares in the background are screen pixels.
Dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Colourful Timber Moth
Brachybelistis blackburnii


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Axel Kallies for identifying and Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

~17mm long, ~37mm wingspan
We thought this might be Brachybelistis pentachroa, but Axel said these "dont have yellow hindwings"
🔍Dorsal
🔍Profile
🔍Showing Antenna Length
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Calico Stem-borer Moth
Cryptophasa ochroleuca
Na
e m a
 
🔍Adult, back
Adult, Antenna
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Ladder-marked Twirler Moth
Diapatela semophanes


iNaturalist
Na
m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Rusty Wingia Moth
Euchaetis ANIC34
Na
e m
This is figured on Bold as Euchaetis sp ANIC34.
Head & body ~8mm, wingspan ~11mm.
A very attractive little moth, with pink edged, rust coloured wings. As is typical with Gelid moths, the palps are upturned finishing in a point.
The antennae are quite unusual; nearly invisible bipectinate, but more hairy rather than the normal twig like, visible structure.
Found in June.
Dorsal
Profile
Antennae
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Gall Wingia Moth
Euchaetis metallota
Na
e m
Head & body ~7.5mm, wingspan ~20mm; quite small compared to the 25mm stated elsewhere, but sizes can vary significantly with moths.
Caterpillars of this moth are found in Eucalypt stem galls.
It's hard to say if the pink highlights are artificial (due to flash), or an angle specific trait. Different photo's of the same specimen show high variations of this highlight colour.
The antennae of the male have very long, fine, nearly invisible pectination pairs (quad-pectinate) per segment.
A species complex with two known DNA different colonies, one in Perth, with the other on the East Cost. We don't know if this is a third, or belongs to one of the two mentioned.
Found in early October.
Male, dorsal
Male, pink highlights
Male, profile
Male, anterior
Male, Hindwings
Male, ventral showing antenna
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Pale Wingia Moth
Euchaetis sp


iNaturalist
Na
m
Thank you Dr Peter McQuillan for identifying and Rog Standen for helping with the id of this species for us

We thought it was a Large Concealer (Ptyoptila matutinella).
Peter said "A reasonable fit is to the genus Euchaetis. These are robust oecophorids with the costa of the forewing often outlined in pinkish red and some pinkish tones on the forelegs. Some are rather plain but others are patterned. It looks like less than half the "species" are formally named."
🔍Dorsal
Anterior
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Pink-edged Modest Moth
Garrha absumptella


iNaturalist
Na
e m
About 9mm long, wings eged with a pink ting, with the inner area covered in brown with dark brown dapples.
Dorsal
Profile
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Plain Modest Moth
Garrha carnea
Na
e m
Head & body ~8mm, wingspan ~24mm.
Like most Garrha, a flattened moth at rest, with very large up-curved palps, large eyes and scales that look like eyelashes above.
A vague dark brown dappled on pale brown appearance.
Dorsal
Profile
Anterior
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Pink Modest Moth
Garrha pudica


iNaturalist
Na
e m a
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Dorsal
Profile (no flash)
Anterior
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Hollow Twig Wingia Moth
Hemibela hemicalypta


iNaturalist
Na
a
Thank you Ken Harris for identifying and Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

Using a similar strategy to case moths, the caterpillars of this genera hollow out a twig and carry it around.
As you can see in the photo's they then pupate inside it. The twig is much smaller than the moth that emerges from it.
We found a hollow twig on a small grass tip (thought it was an insect) and realised it was a case glued to the grass, with the grass growing through it. A few days later we found another, thinking it was a case moth, with the end stuck to our poly rainwater tank. We put them in a container and couldn't believe what came out when they emerged.
Body ~7mm, wingspan ~17mm. The twigs are 11-12mm long, ~2mm outside diam & ~1.5mm inside diameter.
Dorsal
Profile
Anterior
Case: profile
Case: Sealed End
Case: After emerging
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Brown House Moth
Hofmannophila pseudospretella


iNaturalist
If
a
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Dorsal, natural colour
Dorsal, sharper
Profile, ~8mm
Ventral, wingspan ~20mm
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Concealer Moth
Isomoralla curriculata


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Similar Species: Purple-sheen Concealer Moth (Philobota ancylotoxa)
Thank you Dr Bevan Buirchell for confirming the id of this species for us

According to Don Herbison-Evans, the wingspan of these is about 15mm where as the very similar Philobota ancylotoxa has a wingspan of about 25mm.
These look quite dull, without any glossy/satiny sheen.
Given the flyscreen is ~1.25mm, this is much closer to the 15mm wingspan.
We found these in September & November.
Profile
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
3 Lined 3 Spotted Moth
Meioglossa pentochra
Na
e m
SynonymMeioglossa pentochroa

A small but distinctive moth. We haven't caught one as yet, but estimate to be around 4-5mm. The palps are long and upcurved, with a dark base and light brown top.
Profile
Palps: 2 tone
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
White Wingia Moth
Ocystola sp


iNaturalist
Na
e m
~7mm long, wingspan ~19mm.
🔍Dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Purple-sheen Concealer Moth
Philobota ancylotoxa
Na
e m
Similar Species: Concealer Moth (Isomoralla curriculata)
According to Don Herbison-Evans, the wingspan of these is about 25mm where as the very similar Isomoralla curriculata (which we thought this was) has a wingspan of about 15mm.
These look stainy with a purple sheen on the dark markings.
Measured wingspan of 3 we captured, ~23-28mm .
We found these in September & October.
Profile, ~13mm
Hindwing
Dorsal
Anterior
Labial Palps
Antenna
Ventral
Outside
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Pale Concealer Moth
Philobota partitella


iNaturalist
Na
e m a
SynonymOecophora partitella

Head & body is ~8mm long, with a wingspan of ~24mm.
We have found specimens in May, Sept & Nov.
Pale Morph, profile
Pale Morph, dorsal
Pale Morph, palps
Pale Morph, ventral, ~9mm
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Dash Dot Concealer Moth
Philobota sp ES01
Na
e m a
Head & body is ~8mm long, with a wingspan of ~21mm.
We have found specimens in Apr, July, Aug (most), Oct & Nov.
Dorsal
Profile
Anterior
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Brown Ground Moth
Philobota sp ES02
Na
e m
Thank you Glenn Cocking for identifying and Peter Marriott for helping with the id of this species for us

Head & body ~10mm, wingspan ~13mm.
Peter said "I have just got an email from Glenn Cocking in Canberra about our flightless gelechioid. He says there was a similar image from a local up there and he tracked down some similar things, also from Canberra, in the ANIC collection. They were from the 1940s to the 1960s, all collected in May, unnamed and placed in the Philobota."
Marie found this flightless female, with reduced wings, walking around the floor of the annex. While we knew it was a Gelechioidea from it's upcurved pointy palps, we hadn't relised they had flightless females. After searching extensively on-line we found nothing like it.
Very excited we asked Peter, who responded with the above.
The reduced wings make the legs look very long.
Initially though it was a long legged fly running around.
Female, dorsal
Female, profile
Female, wings
Female, stance
Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
White Ground Moth
Philobota sp ES03
Na
e m
After Marie found the amazing flightless female above, I couldn't let her have all the fun!
So within a week found one myself (couldn't believe I got so lucky!). Turns out it's a different species.
It looks much larger, but is the same size at about 10mm long and about 13mm wingspan.
We couldn't find any hindwings however. They must exist, but one assumes are so reduced that they are not visible (even though the forewings can be seen clear of the body).
🔍Female, dorsal
Female, profile
Female, anterior
Female, underwings
Female, stance
Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Ellura's Ground Moth
Philobota sp ES04


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Eagle eyed Marie spied these two moths mating on the ground. We realised she had found another different species of female Ground Moth, but this time with the male to now tie the two gender descriptions together. These two have gone off to ANIC where Glenn Cocking is comparing them to other specimens to see if the male can give us a genus / species; with more confidence than the previously assumed Philobota.
Male: ~12m long, ~27mm wingspan. Female:~8mm long, ~7mm wingspan
We believe this one to be a different species to the other two. While similar pattens to Philobota sp ES03, the female has shorter wings here.
We were keen on seeing if she'd lay eggs. After a night in a large enclosure filled with damp soil & various plants, fungi & lichen she was exhaused and had worn off all her scales. When we did see her moving it was to try to dig into the soil.
The lack of scales showed an amazing horn on her face, previously hidden by scales. It seems P. sp ES03 has this as well, but it's not clear.
One can only assume the horn aides her in digging in soil; again assuming that's where she lays her eggs.
🔍Male: dorsal
🔍Male: profile
🔍Female: dorsal, with scales
🔍Female: dorsal, without scales
🔍Female: profile
🔍Pair
🔍Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Streaked Concealer Moth
Phloeograptis obliquata


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Thomas Mesaglio for confirming the id of this species for us

~8mm long and ~18mm wingspan. Black streaked on beige/grey background. The underside of the palps are black.
While we often find Victorian & WA species not recorded on Atlas in SA before it's very unusual & surprising to find a predominantly a Qld species here. We have found a Qld fly, due to human factors; so wonder if similar factors have bought this species down to SA. Or if it's just rare here? It does seem pretty rare any way with only 12 sightings on Atlas.
Found 3 specimens in Sept & Feb.
Dorsal
Profile
Antennae & Legs
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Red-bodied Wingia Moth
Tortricopsis semijunctella


iNaturalist
Na
a
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

Head & body is ~10mm, with a wingspan of ~13mm.
Very red body, with pale orange highlights and hind-wings. The fore-wings are pale brown, darkening at the edges with red speckles in the trailing margin.
The red scales around the base of palps give this species a wedge-nosed appearance.
Dorsal
Profile
Hindwings
Face
Head
Hairy Leg
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Boarmiini
Bark Moth
Cleora MoV3


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Marilyn Hewish for identifying this species for us

This is figured in Moths of Victoria (MoV) part 7 as Cleora sp. (3)
We thought this was Cleora displicata, but Marilyn said "more likely to be Cleora sp. (3) in MoV7. It's plainer and paler and has straighter lines than the other possibilities. Sp. (3) is a desert species."
Wingspan ~33mm, head & body length ~13mm.
The under-wing patterns are reminiscent of the red-line Geometrid; without the red-line. But the dorsal wing patterns are quite different.
S1: Dorsal
S2: Dorsal
S1: Profile
S1: Anterior
S1: Antenna
S1: Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Boarmiini
Thick-lined Bark Moth
Didymoctenia exsuperata


iNaturalist
Na
a
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Dorsal, ~35mm wingspan
Anterior
🔍Antenna
Palps
Palps & Shoulder
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Boarmiini
Cryptic Bark Moth
Gastrinodes argoplaca


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

Males ~12mm long, ~34mm wingspan
The hindwings mimic the forewings along the inner margin (body edge), with dark scalloping along the outer margin (trailing edge), but then fade to plain brown in the middle.
We photographed 4 males in Mar, Apr & Aug.
🔍Male, dorsal, wings open
🔍Male, dorsal
🔍Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Boarmiini
Undescribed Bark Moth
Gastrinodes MoV1


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

~15mm Long with Wingspan ~42mm. Wingspan can be a subjective measurement. We measure the wing length + body width to arrive at our wingspans. eg here 19mm wing length x 2 + body with of 4mm. However, the natural wingspan here is 31mm, ie it's naturally sitting with it's wings open. That's a HUGE difference. Yet the wing span of dead specimens is measure with their wings fully outstretched; as they are "set" to show the hindwings. Plus the majority of moths don't sit with their wings open, naturally. Usually they are closed, with wings "wrapped" around the body. As such, to compare one species of moth to another, the "naturally" sitting wingspan is of little use. The individual wing lengths + body width meathod, should also compare favourably with those measurements of dead specimens with wings fully outstretched (which is where most official wing span measurements derive).
🔍Male, dorsal
🔍Male, profile
🔍Male, Antenna & Thoracic Crest
🔍Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Boarmiini
Grey Bark Moth
Lipogya eutheta
Na
e m
Head & body ~11mm, wingspan ~14mm.
Males have obvious bipectinate antennae, where as females have filiform.
Has 2 scale tufts on the back of it's neck.
One specimen found in September.
Female: dorsal
Female: profile
Female: anterior
Female: partial Hindwings
Female: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Boarmiini
Grey Bark Moth
Lipogya exprimataria


iNaturalist
Na
e m
SynonymLarentia exprimataria

Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

About 10mm long and wingspan of about 22mm
Male, dorsal
Male, profile
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Boarmiini
Tufted Bark Moth
Lipogya leucoprosopa


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Marilyn Hewish for identifying and Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

About 12mm head & body length, with approx 22mm wingspan.
Most interesting with this species is the raised scale tufts behind the head. Almost impossible to see in dorsal view without a flash reflecting off them. The flash shows them to be metallic and a dark gold colour. In some views it appears to be a single horn, but elsewhere you can see it's two distinct tufts leaning toward each other. As the smaller scales wear down, the tufts become more visible.
S1: Male, dorsal
🔍S2: Male, dorsal
S2: Male, profile
S2: Male, profile closeup
S1: Male, anterior
S1: Male, Abdomen, dorsal
S1: Male, Partial Hindwing
S2: Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Boarmiini
Undescribed Bark Moth
Lipogya MoV1
Na
e m
Thank you Marilyn Hewish for confirming the id of this species for us

This is figured in Moths of Victoria (MoV) part 7 as Lipogya sp. (1), from 2011
It is also figured on Bold as Lipogya EF01, from 2012.
About 11mm long & wingspan about 26mm.
Male, dorsal
Male, profile
Male, Two Raised Scale Tufts
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Boarmiini
Dark Desert Bark Moth
Psilosticha loxoschema


iNaturalist
Na
e m
SynonymEctropis loxoschema

Similar Species: Spider-mimicking Moth (Zermizinga sinuata)
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

Head & body is ~9mm long, with a wingspan of ~28mm.
Very similar wing patterns to our Spider-mimicking moth males, but the antennae are very different. Here they are weakly bipectinate, and the females are not flightless; looking like the males.
2 specimens were found in May.
Dorsal
Profile
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Boarmiini
Dryland Bark Moth
Scioglyptis sp


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Marilyn Hewish for identifying and Axel Kallies for helping with the id of this species for us

About 10mm long & 28mm wingspan.
Males have very large bipectinate (2 rowed) antennae, where as the females have thin thread-like antennae.
We thought this was Scioglyptis loxographa, but Marilyn Hewish kindly advised otherwise. They are quite similar, and MoV (Moths of Victoria) Part 7 has excellent images of the diagnostic differences.
This is a worn specimen making id difficult.
Male, dorsal
🔍Male, dorsal
Male, underwing
🔍Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Boarmiini
Looper Moth
Syneora AH06


iNaturalist
Na
e m
SynonymMiddletonia

Thank you Axel Kallies for confirming the id of this species for us

An undescribed species, but still included in the CSIRO database; the initials AH refer to Axel Hausmann.
Males have bi-pectinate antennae, females have filimorm.
Axel said "Clearly the same species, "Syneora" sp Ah06. However, I have no doubt that it is misplaced. I dont think it is even vaguely related to Syneora."
S1: Male, dorsal, pale morph
S1: Hindwing, pale morph
S1: Perspecitve, with a hoverfly
S2: Male, dorsal, dark morph
S2: Anterior, dark morph
S2: Profile, dark morph
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Boarmiini
Spider-mimicking Moth
Zermizinga sinuata


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Other Common NameLucerne Looper

Similar Species: Dark Desert Bark Moth (Psilosticha loxoschema)
Thank you Peter Marriott for identifying, Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming and Dr Ken Walker for helping with the id of this species for us

The flightless females are ~8mm long, wingspan ~10mm; more grey on top, browner underneath. Unlike female clouded footmen, these do have wings. They are reduced and can't produce flight. When we first saw her the fore-wings were resting along the side as well as the hind-wings, but they stayed out the whole time we were photographing. At first we thought we saw a spider on the flyscreen, but were stunned to find it was a moth.
We have found 11 males (so far), in every season, with most over winter (June/July). We've only found 2 females in October.
Males are quite variable in colour. Body & head length is up to ~10mm, wingspan up to ~30mm
We find the process of identification easier to start with a darker one and work back to the paler / worn specimens.
Males also have an unusual "scarf" around the neck, which was most evident on S7, which was also one of the paler specimens. The scarf stands up as the head is bent down.
A more technical term for reduced winged, flightless insects is "Brachypterous".
The males of these are very similar to Ectropis excursaria males. The antennae here seem to have longer pectinations. The females are easy to separate out as Ectropis females have wings.
S10: Fresh Male, dorsal
S9: Male, dorsal
S8: Male, dorsal
S7: Male, dorsal
S6: Male, dorsal
S5: Male, dorsal
S2: Male, antenna
S7: Male, anterior
S7: Male, scarf profile
S7: Male, scarf posterior
S10: Fresh Male, ventral
S1: Female, dorsal
S1: Female, anterior, under
S1: Female, Hindwings, profile
S1: Female, Hindwings, posterior
S1: Female, ventral
S2: Female, dorsal
S2: Female, dorsal (nb extended body)
S2: Female, profile
🔍S2: Female, profile
🔍S2: Female, anterior
S2: Female, antennae
S2: Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Lithinini
Bracken Moth
Idiodes apicata
Na
a
 
Dorsal
Profile
Anterior
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Lithinini
Acute Point Moth
Unplaced biplaga
Na
a
SynonymsAzelina biplaga or Metrocampa biplaga

Interesting situation. It's been taken out of the taxon tree because someone believed it didn't belong where it was; but then didn't place it somewhere else.
Dorsal
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Macariini
Flame Geometrid
Paramelora lychnota


iNaturalist
Na
e m
SynonymParamelora ammophila

Thank you LifeIsAmazing for confirming the id of this species for us

Head & body ~11mm, wingspan ~14mm.
Males are obviously bipectinate (ie very long pectinations), while females are filiform and have a tendancy to loose antennae.
This species is very variable in both line shape and colour. Notice in S7 the dark line towards the back of the wing is much flatter than the other specimens. Similarly S8 appears almost hairy compared to the others. Looking at the DNA bin for this species on Bold, we can see that a number of different species (even Dichromodes) are found in this bin (ie so close to be considered one species). As such, the variation is extensive; far more than shown here. Atlas still shows P. ammophila as a species, yet no records for it. Perhaps the DNA work has thrown into question their placement and work needs to be done to properly understand what is going on.
Found 8 males & 2 females, from June to mid September.
🔍S1 Male: dorsal
S2 Male: dorsal
S3 Male: dorsal
S4 Male: dorsal
S6 Male: dorsal
S7 Male: dorsal - flatter line
S8 Male: dorsal - scruffy
🔍S9 Male: dorsal
S5 Female: dorsal
S10 Female: dorsal
S4 Male: profile
S9 Male: hindwing
🔍S6 Male: antenna
S3 Male: anterior
S3 Male: butterfly stance
S9 Male: scales
S2 Male: ventral
S6 Male: ventral
S10 Female: underwing
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Macariini
Dusky-barred Geometrid
Paramelora zophodesma
Na
e m
Head & body ~12mm, wingspan ~14mm. Male antennae are bipectinate, females filiform.
Like their close relations, the Flame Geometrid, these have small red flecks; individual scales that are red.
S2 has an unusual line which runs around most of the of the wing edges.
Found 2 females on one night in October.
S1: Female, dorsal
S2: Female, dorsal
S2: Female, Hindwings
S2: Female, Underwing
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Macariini
Dodonaea Moth
Parosteodes fictiliaria
Na
e m
A HIGHLY variable moth, making id for ameteurs like ourselves difficult. The MoV books have helped us immensely with separating these out from other unidentified Gemotrids
Head & body ~13mm, wingspan ~32mm.
Males have very finely bipectinate antennae, nearly invisible, which makes the antennae look thicker in males. As such, gender determination is very difficult with less than macro photography or a ventral view.
These are one of the few species where colour can change with age as a pinned specimen. Colour & pattern variations are not gender based.
7 Specimens found in April, May, Sept & Nov.
S1: dorsal
S2: dorsal
S3: dorsal
S4: Male: dorsal
S5: Male: dorsal
S6: Female: dorsal
S7: dorsal
Male: S4: Hindwing
Male: S6: Hindwing
Male: S4: Antennae
Male: S5: Antennae
Male: S6: Antennae
Male: S4: Ventral
Male: S6: Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Orange-ribbed Cape-moth
Amelora ANIC17


iNaturalist
Na
e m
1st Live Photo's on-line: ~25mm wingspan & ~10mm long. Males have bipectinate antennae, females have filiform antennae.
This is figured on Bold as Amelora sp ANIC17
An undescribed, yet known about, moth. All the mainland amelora need work and this may finish up under another genera when it's eventually described.
We have photographed 2 of these on consecutive night, both females; in late March & early April. The 2nd laid eggs in the pot which were a little over 0.5mm in diameter.
🔍S1, Female, dorsal
🔍S2, Female, Profile & Eggs
🔍S1, Female, Partial Hindwings
🔍S1, Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Banded Cape-moth
Amelora ANIC6


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Similar Species: Broken-banded Cape-moth (Loweria platydesma)
Thank you Axel Kallies for confirming the id of this species for us

~28mm wingspan & ~10mm long. Males have bipectinate antennae, females have filiform antennae.
This is figured on Bold as Amelora ANIC6
This is very similar to Rusty-banded Cape-moth (Amelora mesocapna), but notice the wing tips are rounded here. With A. mesocapna the wing tips are more pointed.
With many of the Amelora genera, there are very similar species with cross over in appearance. Plus they have not been described on the mainland. Other gerera are also very similar and worth looking at; Androchela, Furcatrox & Loweria (which in time will all be presented in this web-site). As such, many of the names here use "cf" to indicate it "looks like" but can't be sure of it's labelled identity.
We have photographed 6 of these with only 1 male, the other 5 females; in April & May.
🔍S4, Female, dorsal
🔍S4, Female, profile
S1, Male, profile
S2, Female, hindwings
🔍S4, Female, anterior
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Ribbon Cape-moth
Amelora belemnophora


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Similar Species: Peaked Cape-moth (Amelora cf ceraunia)
Thank you Dr Bevan Buirchell for confirming the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line: Specimens 3 & 4, shown here, are rather different. S4 is probably fresh, with little scale loss. Whereas S3 is quite worn. Regardless, S4 is a darker morph which also shows in the darker edging under both wings. S3 is also quite a bit smaller at ~10mm body & head length (~26mm wingspan), with S4 at ~12mm body & head length (~32mm wingspan). S7 is in-between and showed it's hindwing rather nicely. We present S3 & S4 fully to help show the normal variations you can see with moths within one species. In profile, you can see the missing scales of S3 make them look quite different.
We found 9 male specimens between late April & early June.
S3: Male, dorsal
S3: Male, profile
S3: Male, anterior
S3: Male, partial hindwing
S3: Male, ventral
S4: Male, profile
S4: Male, dorsal, wings closed
S4: Male, dorsal, wings spread
S7: Male, partial hindwing
S4: Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Peaked Cape-moth
Amelora cf ceraunia
Na
e m
Similar Species: Ribbon Cape-moth (Amelora belemnophora)
Head & body ~12mm, wingspan ~25mm.
Very similar to Ribbon Cape-moth (both the forewing lines & DNA on Bold). These also have a crest which isn't normal for Amelora.
It's possible these are just pale Ribbon Cape-moths, but they do seem to have a discal spot; hence our presumption they are different.
We have found 6 specimens, all males, between mid May & early June.
S1: dorsal
S2: dorsal
S3: dorsal
S4: dorsal
S5: dorsal
S6: dorsal
S1: Antenna
S2: Crest
S3: Hindwings
S3: Under-wings
S3: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Crescent Cape-moth
Amelora idiomorpha


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Dr Bevan Buirchell for confirming the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line: About 11m long & 27mm wingspan.
Males have bipectinate (2 rowed) antennae, where as females have thin thread-like antennae.
Female: dorsal
Female: no flash
Female: profle
Female: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Gold-lined Cape-moth
Amelora MoV5


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

This is figured in Moths of Victoria (MoV) part 5 as Amelora sp. (5)
🔍Male: dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Variable Cape-moth
Amelora MoV8
Na
e m
This is figured in Moths of Victoria (MoV) part 5 as Amelora sp. (8)
Head & body ~10mm, wingspan ~31mm.
Males have bipectinate antennae (2 rows of filaments), while females (shown here) have thread-like antennae (filiform).
There is no horn projection on it's face.
The MoV books stress that mainland Amelora species need work and will probably be moved into new genera, as Dr Peter McQuillan did for Tasmanian in 1996.
One female found in April.
Female, dorsal
Female, profile
Female, Hindwing
Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Orange-spotted Cape-moth
Amelora sp ES01
Na
e m
Common names with moths can often be important descriptors. Here we thought this was Pointed Cape-moth (Amelora demistis). However, the wings aren't pointed, ruling that species out.

NB: none of the identifications on this web site have been determined scientifically (ie by dissection). They are based on visual clues, which can be very missleading with invertebrates.
S4: Male, dorsal
S5: Male, dorsal
S1: Female, dorsal
S3: Female, Hindwings
S3: Female, Body
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Fine-veined Geometrid
Amphicrossa hemadelpha
Na
e m
Similar Species: Tufted Double-spot Moth (Epicyrtica cf MoV3)
Males & females have bipectinate (2 rowed) antennae; however the female antennae pectinations are so short they look filiform.
Above their shoulders are 2 rows of scales that form a crest. Behind there neck is a tuft of scales forming another crest. They seem to wear easily so these crests & tufts are often not easy to distinguish. The patterns also wear adding to our confusion.
Generally their forwings have a wing pattern that reminds us of an elongated/stylised map of Australia. They have varying amounts of white highlights outlining the black lines & streaks. The black lines also vary in intensity, and quantity; with usually 2 main ones forming the "map" and at times a 3rd in-between, with less occationally only one. They often have 2 brown patches, and other brown streaks and flecks confusing the patterns.
Their hindwings always have 2 dark discal spots underneath (which isn't visible above), but can have more forming a jagged line towards the outer margin (which is visible above and below).
Their hindwing outer margins are also mildly scalloped, with the forewings less so.
With this amount of variation it always concerns us we have different species. Without disecion we can't be certain, but on balance and a lot of consideration we think these are all one and the same.
These are also a surprise for us, as they're very common in Autumn here, but rare on-line. We recorded 39 sightings between 15th April & 20th June (over 5 years). 33 males, with 6 females scattered through the flight time.
S2:Male:dorsal
S3:Male:dorsal
S8:Male:dorsal
S10:Male:dorsal
S11:Male:dorsal
S12:Male:dorsal
S15:Male:dorsal
S16:Male:dorsal
S21:Male:dorsal
S8:Male:profile
S11:Male:profile
S16:Male:profile
S19:Male:profile
S27:Male:profile
S39:Male:profile
S5:Male:Hindwing
S27:Male:Hindwing
S11:Male:ventral
S16:Male:ventral
S27:Male:ventral
S33:Female:dorsal
S24:Female:profile
S24:Female:Antennae
S7:Female:Hindwing
S7:Female:ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Four-spot Cape-moth
Androchela milvaria


iNaturalist
Na
e m
SynonymAmelora milvaria

Thank you Ned Fisher for confirming the id of this species for us

~11 to ~16mm long & wingspan ~21 to ~28mm.
Males have bipectinate (2 rowed) antennae, females have filiform.
Their colour can vary from brown to red
The 2 lateral lines are made up of spots, that can be joined with dark shading. Between the lines can be the same colour as the rest of the wings or a darker band. Often each of the trailing spots are shadowed by a light spot. As the name suggests, there is supposed to be a large central black spot on all four wings, however, this can be quite small. Incredibly variable.
We found 10 specimens (2 Female, 8 Male) in April & May.
S8, Brown Male: dorsal
S5, Red Male: dorsal
S8, Brown Male: profile
S5, Red Male: profile
S8, Brown Male: anterior
🔍S1, Brown Female: Partial Hindwings
S2, Brown Male: Partial Hindwings
S3, Brown Female: Partial Hindwings
S5, Red Male: Partial Hindwings
S5, Red Male: anterior
S5, Red Male: Body
S8, Brown Male: ventral
S5, Red Male: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Pale-bordered Cape-moth
Authaemon stenonipha


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Matt Campbell for confirming the id of this species for us
 
🔍Dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
White-winged Wedge-moth
Capusa cf cuculloides
Na
e m
Head & body ~18mm, wingspan ~32mm.
The lack of black on the trailing edge of the hind wing means this isn't C. senilis
Female, dorsal
Female, profile
Female, anterior
Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Grey Crest-moth
Chlenias banksiaria
Na
e m
Head & body ~15mm, wingspan ~43mm.
This is a species complex; meaning there are different species in the group that match the known diagnositcs. A revision of the species needs to be done to determine new diagnostics to split the group into separate species.
Both genders have bipectinate antennae, however the pectinations are tiny on the female looking like filiform antennae to the naked eye, or the wrong angle.
The Nisista MoV3, shown below, is our most common crest moth. It's difficult to find the few of these rarer species amongst the hoards of the others.
We found 2 specimens, both in May.
Female, dorsal
Female, dorsal
Female, dorsal
Female, profile
Female, anterior
Female, hindwing
Female, underwings
Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Black-banded Crest-moth
Chlenias stenosticha


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Marilyn Hewish for identifying and Cathy Powers & Axel Kallies for helping with the id of this species for us

~36mm wingspan, ~14mm long.
The black blotches on it's forewings are more obvious to the naked eye.
The sharply pointed, forward facing, thoracis crest can be receded by the moth at will. Possibly a defense mechanism to make it appear more aggressive or larger?
Gender can be differentiated by their antennae, with females being thread-like (filiform) & males being shortly bipectinate.
S3: Male, dorsal, wings spread
S3: Male, dorsal, wings wrapped
S3: Male, profile
S3: Male, Head
S3: Male, Partial Body
S3: Male, Mane Receded
S3: Male, ventral
S1: Male, dorsal
S2: Female, dorsal, wings spread
S2: Female, profile, wings wrapped
S2: Female, anterior
S2: Female, partial body
S2: Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Forked Grass-moth
Ciampa arietaria


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Other Common NamesBrown Pasture Looper or Forked Pasture-moth

Thank you Anthony Paul & Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

A common moth which has some unique characteristics.
The larva curl up at the base of plants looking like new, unfurled leaves.
The adults have a forked horn projection out the front of it's head. It's hairless and not part of the palps; a separate structure.
Males & females have bipectinate (2 rowed) antennae. The male pectinations are very long, while the female's are very short.
We have photographed 17 specimens. 4 Larvae in July & Aug, 5 males in Apr & May and 7 females in Apr (one indeterminate gender in May). This indicates they "hibernate" as eggs over winter, spring & summer, hatching in early autumn and finishing their life cycle before winter sets in.
Larva 1, dorsal, ~18mm
Larva 1, profile
Larva 1, rear End
Larva 1, eyes & legs
Larva 1, ventral
Larva 2, camoflague, ~12mm
Larva 3, dorsal, ~22mm
Larva 3, posterior
Larva 3, back pattern
Larva 3, eyes
Male, dorsal, ~15mm
Male, hind wings
Male, posterior
Male, Body
Male, Antenna & Horn
Male, Horn + Palp are separate
Male, Horn
Male, Wings
Male, Wings up
Male, Wings wrapped
Male, anterior
Male, Forewing
Male, ventral
Male, ventral (note the Horn)
🔍Female: profile
Female: antennae
Female: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
White-lined Grass-moth
Ciampa heteromorpha
Na
e m
Other Common NameWhite-lined Pasture-moth

Head & body ~12mm, wingspan ~28mm.
Note that, like the related Forked Grass-moth, this species also has a facial horn; diamond shaped.
As with others in the genus, both genders have bipectinate (2 rowed) antennae, where the males pectinations are long & the females are short.
One specimen found in April.
Male: dorsal
Male: Horn
Male: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Black-twisted Grass-moth
Ciampa melanostrepta


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Axel Kallies for identifying this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line: Notice these have a small knobbly horn. Males & females have bipectinate antennae, with the males having very long pectinations.
Female, partial Hindwing
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Ash-grey Geometrid
Corula geometroides


iNaturalist
Na
e m
SynonymLathraeolis spodochroa

Similar Species: Stippled Line-moth (Smyriodes trigramma)
Thank you Ralph Foster, Prof Victor W Fazio III† & Axel Kallies for confirming the id of this species for us

2 specimens photographed in Apr & Aug.
Male
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Black-edged Geometrid
Cycloprorodes melanoxysta


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Andy Young & Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

The 1st was the first photo on Atlas of this species, and the first sighting in SA since 1891.
Male ~14mm long & ~35mm wingspan. Female ~12mm long & ~35mm wingspan. So similar size, with females have a shorter stout body.
Males & females are both bipectinate, however, the male pectinations are noticably long than the females.
Note the colour variation from rust red, through orange to pale brown. This is not gender specific, just individual variation. All these were photographed at Ellura, so it's also independant of location.
We've photographed 10 specimens from early May to early June.
🔍S1, Female, dorsal
🔍S2, Male, dorsal
🔍S3, Female, dorsal
🔍S5, Male, dorsal
🔍S6, Male, dorsal
🔍S3, Female, profile
🔍S6, Male, profile
🔍S2, Male, ventral
🔍S3, Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Dry-country Line-moth
Dysbatus singularis


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Craig Polkinghorne for confirming the id of this species for us

~12mm long.
Bipectinate antennae, with the females having smaller pectinations than the males.
Found one Female in Jan
🔍Female, dorsal
🔍Female, profile
🔍Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Orange-hooded Crest-moth
Fisera eribola


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Stephen Fricker for confirming the id of this species for us

~17mm long, ~46mm wingspan. Males have bipectinate anetennae, females have filiform antennae.
We photographed 4 Males in April
🔍S3, Male, dorsal
🔍S1, Male, dorsal
🔍S1, Male, dorsal
🔍S1, Male, profile
🔍S1, Male, profile
🔍S4, Male, Hindwings
🔍S1, Male, crest, dorsal
🔍S1, Male, anterior
🔍S1, Male, Antenna
🔍S1, Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Russet Crest-moth
Fisera MoV2


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Craig Polkinghorne for confirming the id of this species for us

This is figured in Moths of Victoria part 5 as Fisera sp. (2)
The hindwings trail with a dirty purple band underneath.
A brown speckled cream body.
Males have bipectinate antennae (2 rows of filaments), while females (shown here) have thread-like antennae (filiform).
The front legs are brown, while the rear 4 are white.
A fairly large moth with a wingspan of ~50mm and body & head length of ~16mm
Female, dorsal
Female, profile
Female, Antenna
Female, Horn
Female, under Hindwings
Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Pale Crest-moth
Fisera phricotypa


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Ned Fisher for confirming the id of this species for us

~15mm long, ~45mm wingspan. Males have bipectinate anetennae, females have filiform antennae.
Note the black line on the edge of the thoracic crest. Not all have the dark zig-zag line on the forewings.
We photographed 1 Male & 1 Female in April.
🔍Female, dorsal
🔍Male, dorsal
🔍Female, profile
🔍Male, profile
🔍Female, Hindwing
🔍Female, ventral
🔍Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Maroon-spot Cape-moth
Furcatrox serrula
Na
e m
Head & body ~11mm, wingspan ~28mm.
Males have bipectinate antennae (2 rows of filaments), while females (shown here) have thread-like antennae (filiform).
We have been surprised to discover so many Geomotrids with horns on their faces; which can be diagnostic. This one looked like it had a horn but on closer inspection looks like scales associated with the palps; we can't be sure as we are looking at things so small they are on the limits of our camera resolution.
One female found in April (which may be significant as the MoV records indicate January). Also MoV indicates NSW, Vic & Tas distribution (wet regions), so perhaps we have this wrong?
Dorsal
Profile
Face
Palp scales
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Frosty Cape-moth
Hypsitropha ANIC1


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Glenn Cocking for identifying, Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming and Peter Marriott & Matt Campbell for helping with the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line: ~25mm wingspan. Males have thinner body & bipectinate antennae. Females have filiform antennae.
They have a very distinctive. Top of body is pale orange/brown which is a bit unusual.
There are 4 specimens shown on bold, all of which were found on the 30th Apr 1968. As such, they are rarely seen, or not well known and not recognised in collections. It's also possible they have a very short adult life. We've only seen them on one night in a season, and if not looking on that night they'd be missed.
Photographed 15 specimens (9 males, 4 female) at the night light in April & early May.
🔍Male, dorsal
🔍Female, dorsal
🔍Male, Hindwings
🔍Female, Anetenna
🔍Male, ventral
🔍Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Brown-marbled Geometrid
Lophosticha psorallodes
Na
e m
Thank you Marilyn Hewish for identifying this species for us

While we got to genus with these, we couldn't quite assign the correct species. When Marilyn kindly id'ed them for us she said "S6 is obvious. The others are trickier." In her determination she used the marbled background on the forewings (plain with distinct fine lines in S1), the line shapes and the distinctly banded cilia, dark-brown and white.
As a general mothing guide; she also said "wing shape, size and the antennae" need to match. "Forewing cilia, thorax markings, hindwing, underside, can be helpful". Once these are in place, Ted Edwards of the ANIC told her "Follow the lines." By this he means "Trace the shape of each line." Marilyn notes in MoV5, colour forms are not gender based.
"Cilia" refers to the trailing forewing scales (along the termen).
These moths are about 12mm long, with wingspan of about 32mm. The males & females we measured are about the same size. Males have bipectinate antennae; female's are filiform. The hard-to-see upper body is brown (nearly orange) striped. Hindwings are white with an indistinct fuscous trailing band. NB: the scalloped edge (termen) of the hindwing. Ventrally, the body white with dark flecks and a slight ochre tinge darkening toward the posterior. Under the hindwing, there is a vague dark line preceding the terminal dark edge. There also seems to be an ochre patch or line under the forewing (we only managed to see the edge of it).
We've seen adults from May into June.
S1: Male, dorsal
S2: Male, dorsal
S3: Dorsal
S4: Male, dorsal
🔍S5: Male, dorsal
S6: Female, dorsal, tent
S6: Female, dorsal, spread
🔍S7: Female, dorsal
S4: Male, profile
S6: Female, profile
S7: Female, anterior Crest
🔍S6: Female, raised Scales
S6: close up of raised Scales
S6: ochre patch under forewing
S6: Female, Hindwings
S4: Male, ventral
S6: Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Smoke-spotted Cape-moth
Loweria capnosticta
Na
e m
While it's not very obvious, Loweria sp have a square horn projecting out the front of it's head. This horn is often covered in hairy scales from above, and is best seen ventrally (if you are looking for it).
Male, dorsal
Female, dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Black-spotted Cape-moth
Loweria haplochroa


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Malki_The_Naturalist for confirming the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line:
1st Specimen for SA:

~13mm long & ~28mm wingspan. Males with Bipectinate Antennae
Notice Loweria frons has the square horn.
Small black spotting mainly on the costa. Orange flecks forming 2 indistinct lines. 2 Sold black spots on forwings. We didn't see hindwings, but ventrally indications there are 2 spots there as well, possibly more faded.
Very similar to Smoke-spotted Cape-moth (Loweria capnosticta) which we also get. However, this has more small black spotting all the forewings. MoV says Loweria capnosticta is also similar to Loweria tephrochroa. We may get that one as well, but haven't recognised them.
Notice the thoracic crest. We see this alot in species that aren't supposed to have one and surmise it's associated with putting the specimens in the fridge to cool down to keep still while we photograph them b4 release.
🔍Male: dorsal
🔍Male: profile
🔍Male: Horn
🔍Male: Horn
🔍Male: Antenna
🔍Male: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Broken-banded Cape-moth
Loweria platydesma


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Similar Species: Banded Cape-moth (Amelora ANIC6)
Thank you Rog Standen for confirming the id of this species for us

~9mm long & ~26mm wingspan. Males have bipectinate antennae, females have filiform antennae.
The facial horn shown here separates these from Amelora. It can be hard to see dorsally as it's often covered in scales. In profile it's still difficult as it's small & thin. But ventrally, it's much clearer.
We've photographed 18 specimens, with only 1 female, from early April to early June.
S1, Male, dorsal
🔍S18, Male, dorsal
🔍S18, Male, profile
🔍S18, Male, Horn, dorsal
🔍S18, Male, Horn, ventral
🔍S18, Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Fine-lined Cape-moth
Loweria stenoscia


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Ethan Beaver for confirming the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line: A variable species with thin orange longitudinal marks that form a horizontal line; sometimes with a dark spot on the forewing
S1: Dorsal, dark morph
S2: Dorsal, pale morph
S3: Hind wing, dark morph
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Arid Gum Moth
Mnesampela arida


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

A rarely recorded largish moth.
The males are smaller than the females and have bipectinate antennae; compared with females having filiform. The male we measured was ~13mm long, ~38mm wingspan. The female was ~15mm long & ~44mm wingspan
The black & white thoracic crest differentiates these from other Mnesampela species.
They have a beige hindwing bleeding to plum coloured towards the trailing half. Their forwings are a dapled mustard colour that mimics a drying gum leaf perfectly. There are even raised scales scattered across the wing that mimic the blisters in the surface of drying gum leaves.
There is a faint/indistinct wavy rust coloured line across the middle of the forewing.
4 specimens came to a night light & sheet over 4 days in April. 2 males & 2 females.
🔍S1 Female, dorsal
🔍S2 Female, dorsal
🔍S3 Male, dorsal
🔍S4 Male, dorsal, wings open
🔍S4 Male, dorsal, tent pose
🔍S4 Male, profile
🔍S4 Male, Antenna
🔍S1 Female, Forewing
🔍S1 Female, Hindwing
🔍S1 Female, Partial Hindwing
🔍S1 Female, ventral
🔍S4 Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Serrated Crest-moth
Nisista serrata
Na
e m
Head & body ~15mm, wingspan ~34mm.
Males & females have bipectinate antennae (2 rows of filaments), with males having longer pectinations as shown here.
A male found in August.
Male: dorsal
Male: profile
Male: Hingwing
Male: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Black & White Crest-moth
Paralaea atralba


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Other Common NameBlack and White Crest-moth
 
🔍Male, dorsal
🔍Male, profile
🔍Male, Hindwings
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Red-tracked Geometrid
Plesiolaea maritima


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Don Herbison-Evans, Prof Victor W Fazio III†, Axel Kallies, Ben Kurek & Craig Polkinghorne for confirming the id of this species for us

About 11mm long & wingspan 28mm.
The female has 3 very distinctive red streaks (2 lateral & one diagonal) on a grey dapled background.
It has a small tuft on each side above the head, and 2 black spots under it's hind wings.
It tends to sit with it's wings wrapped around it's body like a cylinder, but can sit with it's wings out flat.
It plays dead easily making photography of it's underneath nearly impossible.
Thanks to Don Herbison-Evan for confirming our 2nd specimen is the male of this species, based on the forewing tip markings
Male: dorsal
Female: dorsal
Female: dorsal
🔍Female: dorsal
Male: profile
Female: profile
🔍Female: profile
Male: anterior
Female: anterior
Male: Body
🔍Female: Tufts
Male: ventral
Female: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Stippled Line-moth
Smyriodes trigramma
Na
e m
Similar Species: Ash-grey Geometrid (Corula geometroides)
Head & body ~13mm, wingspan ~35mm.
Males have bipectinate antennae, females have filiform.
There are brown & grey forms, with the black lines varying considerably in strength. They are not easy to photograph, with different angles giving quite different colours.
Identification difficulty is compounded as they wrap themselves with their wings, looking very different to their spread out state - making the indiscriminate lines difficult to follow.
We found 4 males & 4 females between mid April & early June.
S1 Male: dorsal
S5 Male: dorsal
S3 Female: dorsal
S4 Female: dorsal
S8 Female: dorsal
S4 Female: profile
S8 Female: anterior
S5 Male: ventral
S4 Female: ventral
S8 Female: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Grey-caped Line-moth
Stibaroma melanotoxa
Na
e m
~16mm long, ~33mm wingspan. Males have bipectinate antennae, while females have filiform antennae.
We photographed 8 males, no females, in Mar, Apr & May.
S1: Male, dorsal
S2: Male, dorsal
S2: Male, partial Hindwings
S2: Male, Body
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Angled Satin Moth
Thalaina angulosa


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Other Common NameBlotched Satin Moth

Thank you Matt Campbell for confirming the id of this species for us

~16mm long & ~40mm wingspan.
Genders are very similar and difficult to separate in the field. Getting a detailed shot of the antennae shows the male with bipectinate antennae; having short pectinations. The female antennae is filiform, but hairing underneath.
We have photographed 10 adult specimens in April & May with more males (6m, 3f & 1unknown).
🔍Female, dorsal
Female, profile
🔍Male, Hind Wings
🔍Male, Antenna
🔍Female, Antenna
Male, Head
🔍Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Ennominae Nacophorini
Grey & White Satin Moth
Thalaina kimba


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Other Common NameGrey and White Satin Moth

Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

Female ~45mm wingspan, ~16mm long. Females & males both have filiform antennae, so have to determine gender from body shape.
Found this BEHIND the bottom of the night sheet. It's nose and a tiny bit of it's front wings (costa) was showing. Almost didn't see it! How lucky was that!
Found 1 Female in April
🔍Female, dorsal, wings open
🔍Female, dorsal, wings closed
🔍Female, profile
🔍Female, Horn
🔍Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Geometrinae
Red-lined Geometer
Crypsiphona ocultaria


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Other Common NamesRed-lined Geometrid or Redlined Looper Moth

Thank you Ned Fisher for confirming the id of this species for us

~40mm wingspan. Males have bipectinate antennae, reducing to filiform about 3/4s along. Females have fully filiform antennae.
They have a thick black stripe running through their face, that generally goes unnoticed. But when it's pointed out becomes very obvious.
When on a window, with a lite backdrop, their underwing patterns show through.
Their dorsal patterns/black lines can be very weak. A number of specimens are shown here to show the variation.
Their ventral patterns are what they are named after, with red lines and black blotches that need to be seen to be appreciated.
We have photographed 7 specimens (1 female, 6 male), in Nov, Mar, Apr & May.
Male, dorsal
🔍Female, dorsal
🔍Male, dorsal
🔍Male, dorsal
🔍Male, dorsal & Antenna
🔍Male, Antenna
🔍Female, Black Face Strip
🔍Male, dorsal, Back-lit
Male, Outside, ventral
🔍Male, ventral
🔍Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Geometrinae
Emerald Moth
Euloxia ochthaula
Na
e m
Thank you Axel Kallies for identifying this species for us

Males have bipectinate antennae, females like here have filiform antennae.
Female, dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Geometrinae
Undescribed Grey
Hypobapta ANIC2


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Dominic Funnell for identifying this species for us

~16mm long and ~37mm to ~43mm wingspan. Males have bipectinate antennae, while females have filiform.
We thought this was Hypobapta percomptaria.
The line at the front of the wing is in a slightly different place, and the scalloping on the trailing edge of the wings is not as deep here.
Dominic id'ed S6 for us, we extended that id to our other 5, including S3 here.
6 males were photographed in April & May.
🔍S3, Male, dorsal
🔍S6, Male, dorsal
🔍S6, Male, Hindwing
🔍S3, Male, anterior
🔍S3, Male, Antenna
🔍S3, Male, ventral
🔍S6, Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Geometrinae
Arid Grey
Hypobapta ANIC3
Na
e m
This is figured on Bold as Hypobapta ANIC3
Yet another undescribed species that is known. So annoying for such a magnificent species.
This species varies considerably from most other Hypobapta as the black lines are straighter and angled to the back more. This one also sat with it's forewings almost closed, where as others seem to rest with them fully spread out.
As you can probably tell, our usual ventral shot failed miserably so used a couple of under shots with different views to try to show the underneath wing & body colours. Will update if we find another.
Found in December.
Dorsal
Profile
Hindwings
Anterior
Posterior
Released
Hanging on
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Geometrinae
Barnard's Grey
Hypobapta barnardi
Na
e m
The males were considerably smaller (~12mm long, wingspan ~29mm) than the female @ ~14mm long, wingspan ~37mm. Males are bipectinate, females filiform.
We were excited to get a named Grey, to compare with our undescribed one earlier. These still sat with the wings closed generally. Interestingly they were very flighty, until on the last one (S4) we put it on a small stick. It suddenly settled right down. We have found this with other inverts, particularly crane flies, where they cann't grip to the plastic surfaces; but haven't noticed an issue with moths before this one.
A Female and 3 Males found on one night in November
S1: Male, dorsal, missing antennae
S2: Male, dorsal
S4: Male, dorsal
S3: Female, dorsal
S4: Male, profile
S3: Female, profile
S1: Male, Hindwings
S3: Female, Hindwing
S1: Male, anterior
S4: Male, anterior
S4: Male, wrapping
S2: Male, underwings
S1: Male, ventral
S3: Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Geometrinae
Grey
Hypobapta diffundens


iNaturalist
Na
f
Thank you David Muirhead & Karen Weaving for confirming the id of this species for us

One male found in November
🔍Male, dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Geometrinae
Webbed Grey
Rhuma argyraspis
Na
e m
Similar Species: Tufted Double-spot Moth (Epicyrtica cf MoV3)
~14mm long, wingspan ~29mm. Male antennae are bipectinate, females filiform.
It took a long time to id this one (hours) because we thought it was a type of double spot (albeit with no spots
, which is in a totally different family. Only when we went to the geometrids as a last resort did we find it.
One male found at lights in November.
Male, dorsal
Male, profile, note the Tufts
Male, Hindwing
Male, underwings
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Larentiinae
Insigillated Carpet Moth
Chloroclystis insigillata


iNaturalist
Na
e m
SynonymSigilliclystis insigillata

Thank you Axel Kallies for confirming the id of this species for us

Head & body ~7mm, wingspan ~20mm. Males have obvious deformations covered in scale tufts on the forwing costa (leading edge). The deformations are also visible underneath. Both males & females have filiform antennae.
A male found in May and a female in August.
Male: dorsal
Female: dorsal
Male: profile
Male: Wing tuft
Male: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Larentiinae
Sharp-angled Carpet Moth
Chrysolarentia actinipha


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Axel Kallies for confirming the id of this species for us
 
🔍Dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Larentiinae
Gypsum Carpet Moth
Chrysolarentia gypsomela
Na
e m
About 8mm long & 23mm wingspan.
So far we have only found females. Males are very similar but have thicker antennae
S1: dorsal
S2: Partial Hindwings
S3: dorsal
S1: underwing
S2: profile
S3: profile
S2: ventral
S3: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Larentiinae
Undescribed Carpet Moth
Chrysolarentia sp ES01


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Axel Kallies for helping with the id of this species for us

The females we measured were slightly larger @ ~19mm (S2) & ~20mm (S3) wingspan compared to the male @ ~17mm (S4) wingspan.
Males have thick antennae compared with females, but it's not very obvious.
There are a few similar looking moths that are quite variable; C. arachnitis, C. severata & C. squamulata. We thought these were C. severata, but Axel lifted our id to genus level.
The lines on these are straighter than the others.
We haven't encountered them very often photographing only 6 specimens, with 2 males, 2 females & 2 indeterminate in March & April.
🔍S2, Female, dorsal
S1, Male, dorsal
🔍S3, Female, dorsal
🔍S4, Male, dorsal
🔍S4, Male, Antenna
🔍S3, Female, dorsal
🔍S4, Male, dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Larentiinae
Red-spotted Delicate
Epicyme rubropunctaria


iNaturalist
Na
a
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Larentiinae
Subidaria Moth
Epyaxa subidaria
Na
e m
Head & body ~9mm, wingspan ~12mm.
Males have very obvious bipectinate antennae, where as females are filiform.
This genus has 2 distinct forms, one where the whole wing is patterned normally and the other (like this one) where the wing only appears to have half a pattern. It makes it look as though it has 6 wings instead of 4! Very similar to E. sodaliata, but the MoV books tell us the angle of the widest band here is not 90 degrees as in E. sodaliata.
One specimen found in September.
Male: dorsal
Male: profile
Male: partial Hindwings
Male: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Larentiinae
Funeral Moth
Horisme mortuata


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Ned Fisher for confirming the id of this species for us

~9mm long & ~28mm wingspan.
The lighting has been bumped up to the wazzoo to highlight the lines/patterns/colours. Otherwise it would just appear like a black moth, not very diagnostic. While not actually black, it's very dark. As such, several similar shots showing different perspectives; lighting, wing placement & focus.
These are all of the same specimen. It's quite worn, with a lot of missing scales over the wing. The hindwings are also damaged/missing pieces at the posterior.
🔍Dorsal, as found on the wall (darker)
🔍Dorsal, bightened
🔍Dorsal, Hindwings
🔍Dorsal, on light showing wing outlines
🔍Profile
🔍Anterior
🔍Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Larentiinae
Grey Carpet Moth
Hypycnopa delotis
Na
e m
Head & body ~7mm, wingspan ~18mm.
Males have bipectinate antennae (2 rows of filaments), with very long pectinations, while females have thread-like antennae (filiform).
Males also have a pale yellow patch on the hindwing, which is difficult to see with live specimens.
A male & female found in April.
Male: dorsal
Male: Hindwing Patch
Male: Ventral
Female: dorsal
Female: profile
Female: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Larentiinae
Pome Looper Moth
Pasiphilodes testulata


iNaturalist
Na
e m
SynonymChloroclystis testulata

Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us
 
🔍Dorsal, wingspan ~23mm
Profile
🔍Anterior
Palps, profile
Palps, dorsal
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Larentiinae
Wattle Looper
Phrissogonus laticostata
Na
e m a
Other Common NameApple Looper

About 7mm body & head, about 20mm wingspan
Males are easily identified by the costal wing tufts (tufts on the front of the open wing).
Both males & females have very scaloped bodies when viewed in profile. It helps confirm female id, but makes it hard to get dorsal shots fully in focus as the body is considerably higher than the wings.
They often sit upside down; some photo's here have been rotated to make it easier to compare with other moths.
Some moths, like this can be quite variable. It's unusual for us to find green colours on anything at Ellura, however, specimen 9 was the only one found at Ellura with some green in it; compared with Adelaide Hills specimens we found.
NB: the very different body shapes between the 2 male ventral shots. Normally we would consider this a sign of gender variation, but it just goes to show you have to be careful of what one assumes. We have seen similar bloating in moths that have been drowning in puddles, etc.
Primarily October sightings, with a couple around New Year.
S4, Male, dorsal, partial Hindwing
S8, Male, dorsal
S9, Male, dorsal
S8, Male, profile
S9, Male, profile, showing green
S4, Male, costal tuft
S4, Male, ventral
S8, Male, ventral
S2, Female, dorsal
S6, Female, dorsal, deformed
S2, Female, profile
S2, Female, inner margin tufts
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Larentiinae
Tan Carpet Moth
Unplaced cryeropa


iNaturalist
Na
e m
SynonymsChrysolarentia cryeropa or Hydriomena cryeropa

Thank you Axel Kallies for confirming the id of this species for us

Not recognised on Atlas anymore, they seem to be unplaced in the Hydriomenini tribe.
An unusal species for a moth in that they often hold their wings vertically; perhaps when walking or threatened. It was difficult to get the dorsal shots with the wings held out flat.
The hindwings are a paler copy of the forewings near the trailing & inner margins, fading to plain grey/brown in the middle.
About 9mm long, wingspan about 24mm.
S1: Dorsal
S2: Dorsal
S3: Dorsal
S5: Dorsal
S6: Dorsal
S4: Profile
S1: Wings held vertically
S4: Wings held vertically
S6: Wings held vertically
S6: Antennae
S4: Partial Hindwing
S3: Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Larentiinae
Vacuaria Carpet Moth
Xanthorhoe vacuaria


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Female
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Oenochrominae
Streaked Heath Moth
Aglossophanes pachygramma


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Matt Campbell & Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line: ~8mm (head & body) & ~20mm wingspan
Males have mildly bipectinate antennae, females are filiform (thread like).
The hindwing can be plain or have paler lateral stripe matching the forewing. Of the few images available on-line, it appears the females have more of a hindwing stripe than males.
Over 10 years, the 7 sightings we've recorded (2 f & 5m) have all occurred within ~ one week: 21-28 March.
Male, dorsal
🔍Female, dorsal
Male, profile
Female, partial hindwing
🔍Female, antennae
🔍Male, antennae
Male, ventral
🔍Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Oenochrominae
Laced Grey Heath Moth
Dichromodes cf sp ES02
Na
e m
Thank you Peter Marriott for helping with the id of this species for us

We feel it is important to post specimens here that aren't described; at least people can stop looking. While Peter isn't sure what this one is, he's inclined to think it's Dichromodes. He said Taxeotis was also a possibility, however it's resting position fitted Dichromodes better. Dichromodes males have unipectinate antennae. If a Taxeotis, the males will have filiform antennae like the female here. We can see this is a female due to body shape.
Head & body ~9mm, wingspan ~25mm.
We find these snippets of diagnostic information so important to the identification of moths. Size, wing & body shape, antennae style, flight times, crests, horns, tufts, stance & wing resting postion. It's easy to rely on forewing patterns too much (we do!). With specimens like this the patterns are not as easily discernable. Then of course there are hindwing patterns (normally obscured, we didn't photograph here) and ventral wing patterns; requiring a crystal glass to photograph clearly.
The forewing pattern here looks a very close match to Chlenomorpha sciogramma, however, the shape of the wing doesn't match. The costal margin (leading wing edge) has a slight inward curve and the trailing edge (outer margin) is nearly straight compared with C. sciogramma. The lace pattern of the trailing scales on the forewings (termen) doesn't fit either, but Peter said this pattern is seen on other Dichromodes.
One female specimen found in September.
Female: dorsal
Female: laced termen
Female: head
Female: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Oenochrominae
Dark Leaf Moth
Monoctenia smerintharia


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

A fairly large moth at about 28mm long & 60mm wingspan.
While they can have dark stripes (and/or patches) & vary from russet red to grey, ours didn't have any stripes. It appears the specimens with heavier striping are female.
Note the unusual wing shape with a scaloped outer margin (trailing edge) and shaped more like a Ghost moth (Hepialoidea) than most geometrids.
Male antennae are also unusual as it is monopectinate (ie only one row of filaments comming off the main thread). Most large antennae like this are bipectinate (2 rows) or even tripectinate (3 rows).
We have photographed 3 males in March & April.
Male: dorsal
🔍Male: dorsal
Male: profile
🔍Male: profile
Male: anterior
Male: Antennae
🔍Male: Antennae
Male: Hindwings
🔍Male: Trailing Wing Shape
Male: ventral
🔍Male: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Oenochrominae
Desert Nearcha Moth
Nearcha aridaria


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

Head & body ~11mm, wingspan ~27mm.
As with all Nearcha's, the males have bipectinate antennae while females have filiform.
It's possible we have found females but not been able to id them. Nearcha's are very variable and only the males have the under-hindwing tufts to differentiate them. If we post any females, they'll be estimates based on patterns. We won't post any females unless we find a male; proving that species is at least found on Ellura.
4 males found in Sept, Oct & April.
S2 Male: dorsal
🔍S3 Male: dorsal
🔍S4 Male: dorsal
S4 Male: profile
S2 Male: anterior
S2 Male: diagnostic tuft
S4 Male: diagnostic tuft
S4 Male: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Oenochrominae
Grey Nearcha Moth
Nearcha dasyzona


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

~13mm long & ~36mm Wingspan.
A very pretty moth with a wavy line of black dots, shadowed with a brown band. They have a stunning black face, that isn't always visible.
Males have a couple of elongated patches of long, backward facing scales under the hingwings.
There can be variations in the intensity of the black dots such that they can join into a line. As well as how black the brown shadow is (from darker to ours, to almost non-existant). The same is true for the wavy line on the hindwings.
According to Peter Merriot, in Moths of Victoria, digital supplement "Comparision of Nearcha", the pattern of this tuft is diagnostic.
We have photographed 23 speciemens (3 females) in Mar, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct & Nov.
S1: Male, dorsal
S1: Male, dorsal, Wings Closed
S2: Male, dorsal, partial Body
🔍S14: Male, dorsal
🔍S23: Male, dorsal
S1: Male, profile
🔍S15: Male, anterior
S1: Male, Head, dorsal
S1: Male, Antenna
S2: Male, Black Face
S2: Male, Black Face Hidden
S2: Male, Scale Patch
🔍S23: Male, Scale Patch
S2: Male, ventral
🔍S23: Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Oenochrominae
Ragged-leaf Moth
Nycticleptes lechriodesma


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Ned Fisher for confirming the id of this species for us

Large moth at ~63mm wingspan. Males have bipectinate antennae, whereas females have filiform.
We shone the torch at the old growth mallee & bushes around in front of the carport when checking the night light; to help attract inverts in our direction. We saw her comming in via the torch light & thought, "that's a bit bigger than usual"; yep classic understatement
🔍Female, dorsal
🔍Female, anterior
🔍Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Oenochrominae
Bronze Heath Moth
Tapinogyna sp ES01


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Peter Marriott, Ethan Beaver, Marilyn Hewish & Axel Kallies for helping with the id of this species for us

Marilyn kindly let us know this was not Amelora catacris; emergence time is important in moth identification. Peter then said "... Taxeotis only have threadlike antennae - females and males. Nearcha - males pectinate on both sides and females threadlike". As such, it is most likely an undescribed species.
We found & captured 15 specimens of this species on 10 Sept 2017; equally males & females. They were quite variable and photo artefacts played havoc. eg notice the white spots hide easily depending on the camera/lighting angle. The bronze colour also washed out easily in flash light.
The females we found appeared to have stronger markings than males; this may not always be the case.
These beautiful moths range from plain, pale brown to a magic bronze colour. We have grouped the photo's by male & female, to show differences between specimens.
Males are about 10mm long, with wingspan of 25mm. Female bodies are a bit shorter at about 8mm long, but with the same wingspan as the male. The under-wings don't appear much different between the genders, but the ventral shots show the significant difference in the body shapes; with males being long & thin, females short & fat.
They are a difficult lot and all the males we have are missing a diagnostic ventral tuft of Nearcha. Ethan recently found & id'ed similar moths as Tapinogyna perichroa. While some of these here look very similar to that species, the hind wings of our specimens look too rounded.
It's possible there are different species shown in this sequence of photo's.
Axel has kindly suggested S17 is Tapinogyna perichroa, but we feel the wing shapes don't much up well. The patterns certainly do and he may well be correct. But we'll wait for further research to better understand the differences with these. The bipectinate antennae of the males makes separation of species easier; not so for the females.
S6: Male, dorsal
S9: Male, dorsal
S13: Male, dorsal
S15: Male, dorsal
S16: Male, dorsal
S17: Male, dorsal
S17: Male, Hindwings
S17: M, Hindwing inner margin
S9: Male, profile
S16: Male, antenna
S17: Male, ventral
S5: Female, dorsal
S7: Female, dorsal
S10: Female, dorsal
S11: Female, dorsal
S12: Female, dorsal
S14: Female, dorsal
S14: Female, artefact
S7: Female, Hindwings
🔍S23: Female, Hindwings
S7: Female, Body, profile
S7: Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Oenochrominae
Undescribed Heath Moth
Tapinogyna sp ES02


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Similar Species: Orange-spotted Taxeotis (Taxeotis xanthogramma)
Thank you Axel Kallies for helping with the id of this species for us

Originally thought this was Taxeotis, but over time become uncomfortable with this id.
Axel kindly suggested it's Tapinogyna perichroa; but the wings are too rounded in our opinion.
This group of moths is in bad need of revision and with luck research will be conducted on them one day to clearly differentiate them all. Until then we are suggesting this is undescribed, but of course Axel is quite possibly correct.
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Oenochrominae
Ochre-headed Taxeotis Moth
Taxeotis exsectaria
Na
e m
~7mm long, wingspan ~20mm.
Taxeotis moths are notoriously difficult to id. We've gone with T. exsectaria due to the ochre head, which is diagnostic, but the ochre wing bands are not seen on other examples. As such, this may be an undescribed species, which also has an ochre head. Hopefully it's just a local variation of T. excectaria.
We found one in Sept, 2013, and all the others on one night in October.
S1: dorsal
S2: dorsal
S4: dorsal
S5: dorsal
S3: profile
S5: profile
S5: anterior
S5: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Oenochrominae
Grey Taxeotis
Taxeotis intextata
Na
e m
~8mm long, wingspan ~22mm.
We found one in October.
🔍Dorsal
Anterior
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Oenochrominae
Spring Taxeotis
Taxeotis perlinearia


iNaturalist
Na
a
 
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Oenochrominae
Orange-spotted Taxeotis
Taxeotis xanthogramma


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Similar Species: Undescribed Heath Moth (Tapinogyna sp ES02)
Thank you Axel Kallies for confirming the id of this species for us

We got these mixed up with our undescribed Oenochrominae sp.
Unusually, for a moth, the dorsal patterns are almost the same; with varying degrees of darkness (ie sometimes spots, etc, are not visible).
However, the shape of the wings separates these out.
A note of caution though. We've included 2 photo's of the same female specimen here to highlight how, with photo's, wing shape can change dramatically. Take a careful look at the right wing. In the first shot it's sitting up on a clear pot and looks a different shape to the second where it's resting on the table more naturally.
🔍Dorsal
🔍Female: Dorsal
🔍Female: Dorsal
🔍Female: Partial Hindwing
🔍Female: Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Sterrhinae
White-edged Wave
Idaea costaria
Na
e m a
These moths are very distinctive with a pale band across the leading edge of their wings and brown-red edging to the trailing edges of all wings.
These are very similar to Idaea inversata. These have the pale stripe between the antennae, where as I. inversata has a single coloured head with no stripe.
Dorsal, wingspan ~17mm
Profile
Anterior
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Sterrhinae
Flecked Wave
Idaea philocosma
Na
e m
~4mm long, wingspan ~16mm. Our only specimen in October escaped after 1 photo.
Dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Sterrhinae
Lydia's Wave Moth
Scopula lydia


iNaturalist
Na
e m a
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

Males have antennae filaments, and are browner with less distinct markings than females.
S1: Female, dorsal, wingspan ~15mm
S1: Female, profile
S2: Female, Hindwings, dorsal
S3: Male, dorsal
S3: Male, Antenna
S3: Male, profile
S3: Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Sterrhinae
Tree-ring Moth
Scopula MoV3
Na
e m
This is figured in Moths of Victoria (MoV) part 3 as Scopula sp. (3). It is also on Bold as Scopula sp. ANIC2.
Head & body ~8mm, wingspan ~28mm.
One specimen found in August.
Dorsal
Profile
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Sterrhinae
Varied Wave Moth
Scopula optivata


iNaturalist
Na
e m a
Similar Species: Wavy Noctuid (Ericeia subsignata)
Thank you Dr Bevan Buirchell for confirming the id of this species for us

~25mm wingspan. These seem quite fragile.
It is difficult to be sure, but we think males have finely hairy antennae (very difficult to see even in photographs), while we think female antennae are smooth. Both are filiform.
We have photographed 8 specimens in Feb, Mar, Sep & Oct.
🔍S7, Male, dorsal
S3, Female, dorsal
S4, Female, dorsal
S4, Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometridae Sterrhinae
Plantain Moth
Scopula rubraria
Na
e m a
Note the dark and white striped antennae in this species, it's quite noticable. Males have reasonably obvious filaments.
S4: Male, Light Morph, dorsal
S3: Female, Light Morph, dorsal
S1: Female, Dark Morph, dorsal
S2: Female, Light Morph, anterior
S1: Female, Dark Morph, anterior
S1: Female, Dark Morph, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Leaf Miner
:Gracillarioidea Gracillariidae
Blackbutt Leaf Miner
Acrocercops laciniella


iNaturalist
Na
a
 
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Leaf Miner
:Gracillarioidea Gracillariidae
Echium Leaf Miner
Dialectica scalariella


iNaturalist
If
a
Thank you Leon Crang for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Swift Moth
:Hepialoidea Hepialidae
Silvery Ghost Moth
Abantiades cf argentata
Na
m
Thank you Ethan Beaver for identifying this species for us

Ethan said he's not sure of the ID on this one as the markings aren't 'classic' for the new species.
Male, Partial Hindwing
Male, Palps
Male, Palps
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Swift Moth
:Hepialoidea Hepialidae
Faded Ghost Moth
Abantiades marcidus
Na
r a
 
Female, dorsal
Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Swift Moth
:Hepialoidea Hepialidae
Rain Moth
Abantiades sp
Na
m
SynonymTrictena

Thank you Ethan Beaver for identifying this species for us

Very large moth that emerge after early autumn rains.
Female: profile, rotated
Female: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Swift Moth
:Hepialoidea Hepialidae
Eastern Pale Rain Moth
Abantiades tembyi


iNaturalist
Na
e m
SynonymTrictena

Thank you Ethan Beaver for identifying this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line: Very large moth ~55m long, with a wingspan of ~115mm
Dark grey with light grey lightening pattern on the wings
After discovering the horn on the Forked Grass moth recently, we wanted to clearly show the projections out the front of this species were in fact part of the palps, and not an additional appendage.
Ethan told us "tembyi" is in honour of Nick Temby who collected several critical specimens out near Ceduna.
The pupal case is not necessarily the same species as the moth; but this is the only Abantiades we've found on Ellura and Ethan says they are very specific about where they live.
The second specimen we just loaded was considerably smaller than the first. The new one was ~50mm tip to tail with a wingspan of ~90mm.
🔍Male: dorsal, wings open
🔍Male, dorsal, wings closed
🔍Male, profile
🔍Male, Palps
🔍Male, ventral
🔍Pupal Case
🔍Male: dorsal, wings open
🔍Male: profile
🔍Male: Hindwing
🔍Male: anterior
🔍Male: Antenna, rear
🔍Male: Antenna, Hook Shaped Pectinations
🔍Male: Antenna, Pectination Branches to 3
🔍Male: Antenna, 'Hairs' on Pectinations
🔍Male: Under Hindwing
🔍Male: Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Swift Moth
:Hepialoidea Hepialidae
Chequered Ghost Moth
Fraus polyspila


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Other Common NameChequered Fraus

Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

About 13mm long & 32mm wingspan.
Typically Ghost moths are amoung the larger moths in Australia, spanning the width of a large hand. So it was a complete surprise to us to realise this little moth was in the same family as the giants

Apparantly the scales fall off very easily so on-line photo's look very different to each other as the pattern dissapears.
Thanks Ethan for letting us know the one we found is a male.
We have photographed over 10 males & 1 female in April & May.
Male: dorsal
🔍Male: dorsal
Male: profile
🔍Male: profile
Male: anterior
Male: on finger
Male: ventral
🔍Male: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Undescribed Tussock Moth
Acyphas cf sp
Na
a
This doesn't look like either of the two Acyphas species (larvae) above we get in SA. It's possibly A. pelodes but the larvae for that species hasn't been photographed on-line.
Larva 2, dorsal
Larva 2, profile
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
White Tussock Moth
Acyphas chionitis
Na
e m a
~10mm long, ~32mm wingspan.
These are very difficult to separate from A. omnivorous.
We have used the lack of any orange on the face & legs to put them in this group. They seem to inhabit the same regions.
The females use their orange/yellow ventral tuft to cover their eggs for protection. When we caught S5, she laid some eggs in the pot as shown here. They are <1mm diameter each. The larger egg mass shown is ~4mm wide.
We have photographed 5 specimens, 4 adults (3 female, one laid eggs) and one larva in Apr, Oct (eggs), Nov & Dec.
🔍Eggs from S5
🔍S1, Larva, dorsal
🔍S2, Female, profile
S2, Female, dorsal
S3, Adult, dorsal
S5, Female, dorsal
S5, Female, profile
S5, Female, Antenna
🔍S5, Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Crescent-marked Tussock Moth
Acyphas pelodes


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Axel Kallies for confirming the id of this species for us

2nd On-line Sighting in SA
~11mm long, ~27mm wingspan.
A very pale version compared to other live photographs, but matches well with Bold specimens. The orange tufted body and wing markings line up.
One male found in April at the night light.
🔍Male, dorsal
🔍Male, profile
🔍Male, Hindwing
🔍Male, Abdominal Tufts
🔍Male, Antenna
🔍Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Omnivorous Tussock Moth
Acyphas semiochrea


iNaturalist
Na
e m a
Thank you Anthony Paul & Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

Males were ~10-11mm long, ~28-30mm wingspan. Larvae ~20mm long b4 pupating.
These seem to be a species complex as they are so highly variable. Some adults have a dark spot on their forewings which is an easier characteristic to id them, but we've not seen it on the few we've have photographed. Notice many others have black antennae. Ours are always pale/brown.
We found S8, larva, on Acacia sclerophylla var sclerophylla.
We raised S6 (on Acacia myrtifolia in Lobethal), which turned out to be a male, and show the progress here; linking larva/caterpillar to pupa to adult.
The caterpillars get a grey fungal growth like appearance on them. This turns out to be hair like scales that matt over each other. This is clearly visible in the "3 day" image.
Also note the larva have 2 red tubercle structures near their rear end. These are sack like and enlarge when they feel threatened.
One assumes the fungal appearance & orange & red colours suggest to predators they are not good prey.
We've now photographed 9 specimens, 7 larva & 2 adults, in Jan, Feb (Raised, Male), Mar, Apr, Aug, Oct (Adult) & Dec (Adult Male).
S1, Larva, dorsal
🔍S1, Larva, head
S1, Larva, profile
S2, Larva, perspective
S3, Larva, dorsal
S3, Larva, profile
🔍S5, Male, dorsal, Wings Open
🔍S5, Male, dorsal, Tented Wings
🔍S5, Male, profile
🔍S5, Male, profile, other side
🔍S5, Male, Hindwings
🔍S5, Male, Antenna
🔍S5, Male, Orange Legs
🔍S5, Male, ventral
🔍S6, Male, Caterpillar, First day
🔍S6, Male, Larva, 3 days after Found
🔍S6, Male, Larva, 7 days after Found
🔍S6, Male, Larva, 7 days after Found
🔍S6, Male, Pupating, 14 Days after Found
🔍S6, Male, Pupated, 16 Days after Found
🔍S6, Male, Emerged, 35 Days after Found
🔍S6, Male, Drying it's Wings
🔍S6, Male, Body, profile
🔍S6, Male, dorsal
🔍S6, Male, profile
🔍S6, Male, Orange Legs & Face
🔍S6, Male, ventral
🔍S8, Larva, dorsal
🔍S8, Larva, profile
🔍S8, Larva, Feet, Tubercles Reduced
🔍S8, Larva, Tubercles Extended
🔍S8, Larva, Ventral, with a mite
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Wasp Moth
Amata aperta
Na
e m
Other Common NameDay-flying Tiger Moth

Similar Species: Wasp Moth (Amata xanthura)
Thank you Peter Marriott for identifying this species for us

We haven't seen them on Ellura until this one flew past one evening. A week later and we were happily inundated with them.
These species within the Amata genus are very difficult to distinguish; with even experts & the Australian National Insect Collection have trouble. They have a lot of varition within species, with A. Aperta generally having more orange head, and the area on the wing between the outside 2 patches being oranged, or an another blotch of orange. They all have orange patches on wings, with Black & orange striped body and a longitudinal orange stripe on each leg.
Males are larger & have a thinner body, compared with females.
Male: Whole
🔍Mating: Female left, Male right
Head, iso
Head, dorsal
Head, profile
Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Wasp Moth
Amata xanthura


iNaturalist
Na
e m
SynonymSyntomis xanthura

Other Common NameDay-flying Tiger Moth

Similar Species: Wasp Moth (Amata aperta)
Thank you Peter Marriott for identifying and Axel Kallies for confirming the id of this species for us

These tend to have orange shoulders and black head, compared with Amata aperta
Male: All wings showing
Male: Whole
🔍Male: Whole
Head & Shoulders
Ventral
Profile
Face & Striped Legs
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Clouded Footman
Anestia ombrophanes


iNaturalist
Na
e m a c
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† & Dee Petersen for confirming the id of this species for us

Flightless Female is ~5mm long, 0mm wingspan. Males have a wingspan ~25mm.
Males are While the male moth is rather drab with his wings closed, the interest starts to peak when you see his wings open; such an orange flash. The caterpillars feed on lichen. Then to discover that both male & female caterpillars make their cocoon out of their own hair. They then pupate inside this and their gender can be determined at this early stage. The female is an incredible array of pink, black & white AND she doesn't have any wings when she emerges. She waits for a male to fly to her. They mate and then she deposits her eggs on the hairs of her cocoon. She then spends the rest of her short life (~2 weeks) tending to her eggs. What an interesting species!
A more technical term for wingless insects is "Apterous". It's hard to know if shes wingless, or has reduced wings, which would make her "Brachypterous".
🔍Caterpillar
Male Pupa, new
🔍Male Pupa
Male Pupa Case, empty
🔍Female Pupa
🔍Adult Male, dorsal
Adult Male, profile
Adult Male, Hindwings
Adult Male, ventral
Adult Female, dorsal
🔍Adult Female, dorsal
🔍Adult Female, profile
Adult Female, anterior
Adult Female with Eggs
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Cryptic Snout Moth
Arrade destituta


iNaturalist
Na
e m a
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

About 7mm long with a wingspan of about 22mm.
A stunning moth with various tufts giving it real presence, yet it's quite small.
Found in November.
Dorsal
🔍Profile
Forwing
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Cryptic Crest Moth
Brachycyttara crypsipyrrha
Na
e m
A very rare moth, originally only found in WA. MoV8 reports it has since been discovered in SA (once), Vic (once) & NSW.
The 1st thing we noticed about this moth was the irregular "gold" line running laterally near the back of the forewing. It's not so obvious with the camera and turns out to be a pale line with orange highlights, giving it an illusion of "gold".
About 18mm long with a wingspan of about 35mm.
The males have many more lines along the trailing edge of the forewing (outer margin), but both have filiform (thread like) antennae.
The forewings are scalloped along the outer margin and have 3, equally spaced, lateral, pale lines spattered with orange flecks. The shape of the palps is also quite unusual.
The hindwings have a spot in the middle. It's not obvious unless you look for it.
The antennae base and legs joints are all highlighted by orange scales. Those at the antennae base almost look like coloured eyelashes

We found our single specimen near the end of June.
Female, dorsal
Female, profile
Female, hindwing
Female, forewing
Female, head & palps
Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Doubleday's Footman
Castulo doubledayi


iNaturalist
Na
a
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

The female was about 8-9mm long with wingspan of about 28mm.
Males have bipectinate antennae, females have filiform.
The only 2 specimens we found were very worn & damaged. The white marks on the males forewing, eg, are damage not patterns. Fortunately one was male & one female to show the differences.
Male, dorsal
Male, profile
Male, head
Male, hindwings
Male, ventral
Female, dorsal
Female, profile
Female, hindwings
Female, under forewings
Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Old Lady Moth
Dasypodia selenophora


iNaturalist
Na
e m a f r
Other Common NameGranny Moth (but this can refer to other species as well) & Southern Moon Moth

Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

These moths have a propensity for buildings. We often find them in the patio, and when they can't get out they die which is rather sad. Fortunately they are very common and can be found everywhere in spring & autumn.
A beautiful large moth with a large "eye" on each forewing. The proper name for each "eye" is Reniform Stigma (thanks Mark
.
Ian Gibbins reminded us that "Reni" is latin for "Kidney"; hence Reniform means "Kidney Shaped".
These Stigma are useful protection from predators that think twice before attacking such a huge "face".
They are quite shiny and perceived colours vary considerably depending on lighting angles & intensity.
They have a zig zag pattern on both fore & hindwings, but the forewing lines are much more well defined. Both wings also have a trailing line of small white dots at the top of each fold in the wing.
Underneath each wing also has a black spot (with a couple of black lines/patches on each side).
The orange ring surrounding the Reniform Stigma does seem to vary in thickness, as does the inner pale blue/white line.
Wingspan is ~80mm
Larva, dorsal
Larva, profile
Larva, eyes
Larva, feet, profile
Larva, and more feet
Larva, face
Larva, ventral
🔍Dorsal
🔍Dorsal, thin orange ring
Dorsal, thick orange ring
Light angle colour variations
Profile
Anterior
🔍The "Eye", called a Reniform Stigma
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Spotted Noctuid Moth
Diatenes gerula


iNaturalist
Na
e m a
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Dorsal, ~40mm wingspan
Anterior
Posterior
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Orange Noctuid Moth
Diatenes igneipicta


iNaturalist
Na
e m a
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Dorsal, wingspan ~35mm
Profile
Head, dorsal
Ventral
S2: Anterior
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
White-spotted Owl Moth
Donuca spectabilis


iNaturalist
Na
f
Thank you David Muirhead for confirming the id of this species for us

~25mm long, ~60mm wingspan.
These are a large moth with an orange tip to the last third of it's abdomen and orange hair underneath.
One female found in November.
🔍Female: dorsal
🔍Female: Orange Abdomen
🔍Female: Orange Underhairs
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Lichen Double-spot Moth
Epicyrtica cf lathridia
Na
e m
About 9mm long & 22mm wingspan.
We found these very difficult to differentiate with other Double-spot moths, so many lines to compare.
One difference that stands out with this species vs the other Epicyrtica we've published is their very hairy look around the legs.
We found 2 on one night in April this year.
Male, dorsal
Female, dorsal
Male, profile
Female, profile
Male, ventral
Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Tufted Double-spot Moth
Epicyrtica cf MoV3
Na
e m
Similar Species: Fine-veined Geometrid (Amphicrossa hemadelpha) : Webbed Grey (Rhuma argyraspis)
This is figured in Moths of Victoria (MoV) part 8 as Epicyrtica sp. (3)
About 11mm long & wingspan 28mm.
While it appears to have 3 tufts, the front two are from the head & body, while the hind 'tuft' is actually created by the edge of the forewings.
We have found 3 specimens in April & May.
S1, dorsal
S2, dorsal
S3, dorsal
S3, profile
S2, partial hindwing
S3, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Wavy Noctuid
Ericeia subsignata
Na
e m
Similar Species: Varied Wave Moth (Scopula optivata)
Very similar to the Varied Wave Moth (Scopula optivata), but the head is different with large palps.
Dorsal, wingspan ~25mm
Profile
Anterior
Forewing, ventral
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Inconspicuous Eublemma
Eublemma inconspicua


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Large-eyed Box-owlet
Grammodes ocellata


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Matt Campbell for confirming the id of this species for us
 
🔍Dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Rock Lichen Moth
Halone sp ES01


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Don Herbison-Evans, Axel Kallies & Donald Hobern for helping with the id of this species for us

~22mm wingspan.
We suspected this was H. sinuata. Has orange hind wings which we were unable to photograph. Has the orange tip on the abdomen.
Antennae are very finely pectinate.
There are 2 records of Halone consolatrix in SA in the bold bins, so on location, H consolatrix would be the choice. But doesn't look right. Halones do seem variable though.
Donald questioned our id, saying "Halone as a whole is challenging". Axel lifted it to genus saying "Not sure what it is, but I dont think sinuata is right."
🔍Male: dorsal
🔍Male: profile
Male: neck
🔍Male: Orange Abdomen Tip
🔍Male: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Senecio Moth
Nyctemera amicus


iNaturalist
Na
e m a
Thank you Don Herbison-Evans for identifying this species for us

Adult females have a wingspan of ~44mm, and are ~15mm long. We haven't measured a male as yet. Larvae measured up to ~24mm long, generally black (or grey) with 3 orange longitudinal stripes. Young instars are black & white with no orange stripe, nor tufts (but still hairy). Intermediate instars have black & orange with areas of white patches which confuse the overall pattern. They are very hairy with 2 tufts of hair at the front which look like antennae or horns. You can see the hairs also have barbs/hairs on them. They feed on various varieties of senecio (hence their species common name)
A day flying moth, the adult wings are mainly black with white/cream blotches making a diagonal, thick line on the wings. Their bodies are orange & black horizontally striped (leading to the "tiger moth" common name of the family). They have orange highlights behind the head and on the wing tips (cilia).
Male & female adults can be differentiated by their antennae. While both are bipectinate (2 rows of filaments), the male pectinations (filaments) are longer and more spread than the females; as shown in the photo's.
We have seen adults in Apr, May, Jun, Aug, Oct, Nov & Dec.
🔍S13: Larva, dorsal
🔍S13: Larva, profile
🔍S13: Larva, tufts & hairs
🔍S13: Larva, Head
🔍S13: Larva, Spiracles
🔍S13: Larva, Feet
🔍S13: Larva, ventral
S1: Pupa
S1: Empty Pupa Case
S10: Male, dorsal
S9: Female, dorsal
🔍S9: Female, hindwings
S9: Female, Abdomen, dorsal
🔍S6: Female, dorsal
S6: Female, profile
🔍S6: Female, anterior
S6: Female, antenna
S9: Female, Palps, dorsal
S9: Female, Palps, ventral
S6: Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Gold Threaded Panty Moth
Pantydia MoV1
Na
e m
This is figured in Moths of Victoria, part 8, as Pantydia sp. (1). It is also on Bold as Pantydia ANIC4.
About 17mm long with wingspan of about 38mm.
The ventral pattern on the hindwing separates this from other Pantydia species.
Males have slightly thicker antennae and are more difficult to id (vary more) than the females; which (females) also have a thicker body.
Interestingly this perfect specimen (very fresh?) shows a medial spot under each hindwing which isn't very obvious in other resources.
🔍Female, dorsal
Female, profile
🔍Female, anterior
Female, stance
Female, hindwing
Female, Gold "Thread"
Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Edward's Praxis
Praxis edwardsii
Na
e m
Head & body ~16mm, wingspan ~45mm.
Came to a night light in July.
Dorsal
Profile
Palps
Anterior
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Black & White Tiger Moth
Spilosoma glatignyi
Na
a p
Other Common NamesBlack and White Tiger Moth or Woollybear Caterpillar

About 21mm body & head length, about 55mm wingspan.
This is one of those species that "plays dead" very well.
A spectacular moth with bright orange upper-body, legs & highlights. The upper-body orange is interrupted with a transverse black line/blotch on each segment; with a white tail tuft.
The wings are black or brown & white, with varying patterns. The under body is white with 5 dashed black longitudinal lines/blotches.
Males & females are very difficult to separate. While females are generally larger, this is not always so (both male & female specimens shown here have the same wingspan, with the male having a slightly longer body). They both have bipectinate antennae. The male pectinations, however, are slightly longer. Of the few ventral photo's we can find, the females are missing a front, central black blotch as well. This could be a random colour variation, like the wings. We would be keen on hearing from anyone that can link/send ventral photo's of females with all the black blotches to us

We have sighted the adults in April only.
S1, Male, profile
🔍S1, Male, Tail
S2, Larva, dorsal
S2, Larva, face
S2, Larva, profile
S2, Larva, Legs
S3, Female, dorsal
S3, Female, profile
S3, Female, Head
S3, Female, Abdomen, profile
S3, Female, ventral
S4, Male, dorsal
S4, Male, profile
S4, Male, Abdomen, profile
S4, Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Double Yellow-patched Footman
Termessa zonophanes


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

~10mm long, ~28mm wingspan. A highly variable species.
Males & Females have filiform antennae, so the only way to separte them is with ventral shots. Of the two we photographed ventrally, they both appeared to be males.
Photographed six at a night light sheet in March & April. After we saw the first at the end of March, they were abundandant until ~ mid April.
🔍Male, dorsal
🔍Male, profile
🔍Male, Normal Stance
🔍Male, Antenna
🔍Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Desert Footman
Thallarcha rhaptophora


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Dr Bevan Buirchell for confirming the id of this species for us

Males ~8mm long, ~25mm wingspan & have bi-pectinate antennae (but the pectinations are quite short)
Females ~6mm long, ~20mm wingspan and have filiform antennae.
S1: Dorsal
S2: Dorsal, ~5mm
S2: Profile, wingspan ~18mm
S2: Anterior
S2: Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Erebidae
Halgania Moth
Utetheisa pulchelloides


iNaturalist
Na
e m a
SynonymUtethesia pulchelloides

Other Common NameHeliotrope Moth

Thank you Matt Campbell for confirming the id of this species for us

About 13mm long, with a wingspan of about 35mm.
Very colourful moth close up, but the colours are not visible when flying. Males & females cannot normally be distinguished. At rest it wraps it's wings around the body, making it very difficult to get a full wing pattern from one side. It's best to get profile from both sides and dorsal shots to see the whole forewing.
Another insect with a common name associated with a weed, but is a native insect. It's larvae eat Boraginaceae, with the most dominant plant in the family on Ellura being Halgania
White moth, with black and red swatches (almost an art deco fabric design). There are 5 red marks along the inner margin (but they can be grey or even missing) that match the 5 red marks along the costa. The size of the red marks varies considerably. They can also join together or be very segregated.
Has varying degrees of mustard highlights around the head & shoulder.
There is another very similar moth, the Salt and Pepper Moth (Utetheisa lotrix), that is usually further north.
We have found adults in Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Oct & Nov.
Larva, dorsal
Larva, head
🔍Adult, dorsal
🔍Adult, profile 'normal'
Dorsal, large, red, joined patches
Dorsal, large, red, joined patches
Rear 2 patches are grey not red
Dorsal, 2nd red patch is missing
Dorsal, 5th red patch is grey
🔍Hindwings
Face
Drinking
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Euteliidae
Brown Eutelin Moth
Pataeta carbo


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Peter Marriott for identifying, Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming and Dr Ken Walker for helping with the id of this species for us

1st Record in SA on Atlas
Dorsal
Front
Rear
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Acronictinae
Spotted Owlet Moth
Athetis tenuis
Na
e m
About 12mm long with 25mm wingspan. Filiform antennae, with no visible difference between the genders we can find.
A common moth found all over the country. Difficult to id though as it's relatively plain looking and very shiny in a camera flash.
In the middle of their forewings they have a small dark spot or line within a slightly pale longitudinal line which can also have some pale spots toward the rear. In the right light you can see an irregular lateral row of dots about 3/4 along the forewing. In the same light, some irregular spots form another zigzag line about 1/4 the way along the forewing.
The feature that stands out the most are the 3 scale tufts on the back of the thorax that look like a shield. These are not clear on pinned specimens but can be seen in the photo's here. This scale formation is not unique to this species, but did help in collating different specimen photo's.
The ventral view shows an interesting pattern under the hindwings (which are quite a bit shorter than the forewings). They are pale off white, with dark speckles on the leading edge, fading to plain quickly towards the inner margin.
Note the robust palps and huge hind legs! For such a plain moth, it has some very interesting features

We have found them in Mar, May & Sep.
S1: dorsal
S2: dorsal
S3: dorsal
S4: dorsal
S5: dorsal
S6: dorsal
S6: profile
S6: angle showing spots
S6: partial hindwing
S6: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Acronictinae
Red Flecked Owlet Moth
Hypoperigea tonsa
Na
e m
 
Dorsal
Profile
Anterior
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Acronictinae
Mini Owlet Moth
Mataeomera sp


iNaturalist
Na
e m
S1 ~8mm long, ~18mm wingspan
S2 ~7mm long, ~15mm wingspan
S3 ~8mm long, ~22mm wingspan
S4 ~7mm long, ~20mm wingspan
All 4 sightings have different wing patterns & varying palp length. When we checked the MoV cds (Moths of Victoria) and found how variable they are, and need reworking, we couldn't work out which was which; they could all be one, or 4 different species.
We couldn't tell the genders apart either. Bodies look similar. It seems the male antennae may have thicker "hairs" than the female.
We found them in Feb (S1), Sept (S2), Oct (S3) & Nov (S4).
S1: dorsal
S2: dorsal
S3: dorsal
S4: dorsal + Hindwings
S1: camera artefacts
S1: profile
S2: profile
S3: profile
S4: profile
S3: Partial Hindwings
S1: ventral
S4: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Acronictinae
Black Noctuid
Neumichtis nigerrima


iNaturalist
Na
e m a
Thank you Cathy Powers & Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

Cathy said "The black moth caught in the spider web has all the lines and markings of Neumichtis nigerrima".
However, there is an undescribed species that looks the same with bi-pectinate antennae. Neumichtis nigerrima only has thread like antennae. So if you find a moth like this with bi-pectinate antennae, please let us know here, or contact Cathy. She'd be very keen to see it. We'll be keeping our eye out too

We weren't aware of the antennae variations, so didn't photograph them. As such can't be sure of the species identification.
The "cf" notation we use here & elsewhere on this web site translates to "looks like".
🔍Caught in a web
Profile
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Acronictinae
Green Cutworm
Neumichtis saliaris


iNaturalist
Na
a
Thank you Cathy Powers for identifying this species for us

The common name is based on the green caterpillar. Originally we identified this as N. archephanes They are an incredibly variable species going from this dark blue morph through to very pale brown. The subterminal line is the key, and on N. archephanes it's straight, not curved like this one. The subterminal line is the line between the blue band at the back of the forewings and the brown brown area torwards the middle of the forewings.
Dorsal
Profile
Front
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Acronictinae
Spotless Proteuxoa
Proteuxoa acontoura


iNaturalist
Na
e m
SynonymThoracolopha acontoura

Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line: About 11mm long & 30mm wingspan.
Based on body shape, we assume females have an ochre tint to the posterior end of their abdomen. What we assume to be males are off-white. There didn't appear to be any other variations we could see.
They have a faint racing stripe behind their head, which is not visible on pinned samples as the pin-head interferes.
We weren't able to capture their satin texture in photographs. An elegant moth to the naked eye. And due to the lack of crescents & spots, not obviously a proteuxoa.
While Thoracolopha acontoura is the currently accepted name (as of late 2017), we use the names on the ALA and lists this under Proteuxoa. In fact, as of now (early 2021), it seems Thoracolopha hasn't been accepted.
Female, dorsal
Female, profile
Female, ventral
Male, dorsal
Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Acronictinae
Undescribed Proteuxoa
Proteuxoa ANIC6
Na
e m
This is figured on Bold as Proteuxoa ANIC6.
About 10mm long with wingspan of about 25mm.
S1, dorsal
S2, dorsal
S3, dorsal
S1, profile
S1, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Acronictinae
Ragged-banded Owlet Moth
Proteuxoa atmoscopa
Na
e m
SynonymThoracolopha atmoscopa

Thank you Marilyn Hewish for identifying this species for us

About 10mm long with about 25mm wingspan.
Marilyn told us "Proteuxoa was split into two genera. Proteuxoa and Thoracolopha, in a publication by Bobbie Hitchcock et al", in late 2017.
Many of these Noctuid's are very shiny and difficult to photograph. We've been experimenting with turning the flash off and using external light sources to highlight the lines and reduce glare. You can see the differences here. The no flash photo's are out of focus more, little depth of field and very yellow. Cathy Powers has shown us a home made diffuser made from foam which we are now experimenting with to improve these issues while reducing flash glare / sparkle.
We found 2 specimens in March & April.
While Thoracolopha atmoscopa is the currently accepted name (as of late 2017), we use the names on the ALA which lists this under Proteuxoa and Thoracolopha as a synonym.
S1, dorsal
S1, dorsal, no flash
S2, dorsal
S2, dorsal, no flash
S2, dorsal, greyed
S1, profile
S2, head
S1, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Acronictinae
Noctuid Moth
Proteuxoa cf restituta
Na
e m
 
Dorsal, ~17mm
Profile
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Acronictinae
Herringbone Caterpillar
Proteuxoa cf sp ES01
Na
e m
 
Dorsal
Profile, legs
Head
Side
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Acronictinae
Herringbone Caterpillar
Proteuxoa cf sp ES02
Na
e m
 
Dorsal
Profile
Ventral, ~30mm
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Acronictinae
Herringbone Caterpillar
Proteuxoa cf sp ES05
Na
e m
This specimen was about 17mm long.
Any larvae (caterpillars) we have identified without raising to adults we tag with a question mark, like here. As such, id is quite unreliable, a best guess of what it will turn into.
From now on we will capture all caterpillars we find and haven't id, raise them and post photo's showing the various stages. Perhaps even manage to breed them to get male, female & egss; there by linking all forms together.
Caterpillars can vary in shape & colour as they grow in roughly 5 stages (instars). It'll also be interesting to see any variations between male & female larvae.
Dorsal
Profile
Anterior
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Acronictinae
Blunt Noctuid Moth
Proteuxoa chrysospila


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Axel Kallies for confirming the id of this species for us

The solid rectangular reniform mark is a diagnostic feature with these.
We originally thought these were Y-barred Noctuid Moths (Proteuxoa epiplecta), but Moths of Victoria part 9 CD has a page on the P. tortisigna group; which showed the id to be incorrect.
Dorsal, ~11mm
Profile
Head
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Acronictinae
Noctuid Moth
Proteuxoa cinereicollis
Na
e m
This matches exactly to a specimen on Bold.
🔍Profile
Dorsal
Head
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Acronictinae
Red Blooming Proteuxoa
Proteuxoa florescens


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Marilyn Hewish for confirming the id of this species for us

The male was about 12mm long & 29mm wingspan. Females were slightly larger at about 13mm long & 30mm wingspan.
Male, dorsal
Male, Wings Spread
Male, profile
Male, Head
Male, ventral
Female, dorsal
Female, profile
🔍Female: Partial Hindwing
Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Acronictinae
Sun Spot Proteuxoa
Proteuxoa heliosema


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Dr Bevan Buirchell for confirming the id of this species for us

About 11mm long & 28mm wingspan.
Dorsal
Profile
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Acronictinae
Blotched Noctuid
Proteuxoa passalota


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line: ~11mm long, ~26mm wingspan
We'd never have thought this was a Proteuxoa, generally they have some sort of moon shaped, crescent, reniform on their wing. We have photographed one that doesn't have any reniform though. So only reasonable that there's one with a large one.
What attracted us to it was the gold sheen coming from the row on the back of the forewings. Not obvious here, just looking a yellowy brown.
🔍Dorsal
🔍Profile
🔍Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Acronictinae
Red Spotted Noctuid Moth
Proteuxoa rubripuncta


iNaturalist
Na
a
Thank you Marilyn Hewish & Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

Found dead. About 20mm long & 25mm wingspan.
Dorsal
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Acronictinae
Owlet Moth
Proteuxoa sp ES03
Na
e m
We thought this was Proteuxoa marginalis, but Marilyn Hewish kindly advised otherwise.
Dorsal
Profile
Anterior
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Acronictinae
Undescribed Owlet Moth
Proteuxoa sp ES04
Na
e m
SynonymThoracolopha

Thank you Marilyn Hewish for identifying this species for us

Head & body length ~10mm, wingspan ~22mm.
We thought this was Agrotis porphyricollis, but Marilyn kindly advised us of the correct id.
While Thoracolopha is the currently accepted name (as of late 2017), we use the names on the ALA which lists these under Proteuxoa.
All four female specimens were found on one night, 2nd April 2018
🔍S2: Female, dorsal
S3: Female, dorsal
S4: Female, dorsal
S2: Female, hindwings
S3: Female, profile
S3: Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Acronictinae
Black Crescent Owlet Moth
Proteuxoa sp ES06


iNaturalist
Na
e m
SynonymThoracolopha

Thank you Marilyn Hewish for identifying this species for us

While Thoracolopha is the currently accepted name (as of late 2017), we use the names on the ALA lists these under Proteuxoa.
Marilyn said "This is labelled as an undescribed Proteuxoa species in the Aust. National Insect Collection. My research has found 25 Vic. specimens from the west of the state. It can be distinguished from P. verecunda by the very broad black crescent mark and the lack of wavy cross-lines on the forewing."
About 12mm long with winspan of about 28mm.
As both genders of Proteuxoa & Thoracolopha have filiform antennae, it makes determining their genders more difficult. The body shapes, shown here, are used to guess the different genders.
Male, dorsal
Male, ventral
Female, profile
Female, anterior
Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Acronictinae
Black Spotted Owlet Moth
Proteuxoa sp ES07


iNaturalist
Na
e m
SynonymThoracolopha verecunda

Thank you Axel Kallies for confirming and Marilyn Hewish for helping with the id of this species for us

We thought this was Proteuxoa flexirena, but Marilyn thought Thoracolopha verecunda.
While Thoracolopha verecunda is the currently accepted name (as of late 2017), we use the names on the ALA lists this as P. verecunda.
Axel disagrees and lifted it to genus.
Dorsal
Profile
Anterior
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Agaristinae
Grass Day Moth
Apina callisto


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Other Common NamePasture Day Moth

Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming and Don Herbison-Evans for helping with the id of this species for us

We Id'ed this species from the first photo of a Larva some time ago. Unfortunately we didn't keep records of this (still learning). But then we recently found the adult and was double checking on Don Herbison-Evan's site when we realised our larva looks different to the photo's on his site.
We almost pulled the photos from our site, but thought we'd ask the man himself.
Don is incredibly helpful and has a reputation of being a nice bloke. So he happily responded back with

"Yes those look like the 3 prothorax stripes of an Apino callisto caterpillar. Of course the real test is to rear it to the adult moth and compare that with the holotype. Individual caterpillars do vary in colour, depending on instar, food, microclimate, genetics, etc (like humans do)."

There's a big lesson here. We can't rely on Larva for a confident id. So in future we will always put a "?" against a species based on larva alone. Also, to re-iterate, identification from photos alone is fraught with difficulty & errors

Notice the strange horn extrusion on it's face.
While larvae vary greatly in size, these are ~45-50mm long. The female is ~25mm long & ~55mm wingspan
Larva1
Larva1, Head & Prothorax
Larva1, Yellow Spots on Rear
Larva2, profile
Larva2, Prothorax
Larva2, Rear Yellow Spot
Larva2, 3 Breathing Holes
Larva2, Front "Real" Legs
Larva2, Rear "Prolegs"
Larva2, 2 Middle Pair of Prolegs
Larva2, Dashed Stripes on the Back
Larva3&4, head of 1 & tail of the other
Larva3&4, following each other
Larva, ventral
Male, dorsal
Male, profile
Male, Head & Antenna
Female, dorsal
Female, profile
Female, profile, wings up
Female, Hindwings
Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Agaristinae
Mistletoe Moth
Comocrus behri


iNaturalist
Na
m a
Similar Species: Hibbertia Moth (Phalaenoides glycinae)
Thank you Terra Occ for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Wings up, anterior
Dorsal
Profile
Anterior
Face
Anterior
Proboscis
Ventral, size, len ~25mm, wingspan ~70mm
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Agaristinae
Crimson Beauty
Cremnophora angasii


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

About 14mm long & 35mm wingspan.
The pink colours in this species are quite spectacular, even it's palps are pure pink!
A black & white moth, with a row of crimson spots along the outer margin (trailing) of it's forwings. These spots are visible underneath, but are missing on it's hindwings.
It's front legs also have splashes of crimson around the joints.
To add to the contrast, the antennae are a pale orange / yellow colour.
The female has thread like antennae (as shown here) while males have bipectinate antennae.
Female, dorsal, wings spread
Female, dorsal, wings tented
🔍Female, profile
Female, Body
Female, anterior
Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Agaristinae
Crow Moth
Cruria donowani
Na
m
Similar Species: Hibbertia Moth (Phalaenoides glycinae)
While this photo was taken in NSW, it's included here as it does occur in SA in the semi-arid evirons and is a good comparison to it's cousins the Mistletoe Moth & Hibbertia Moth
Dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Agaristinae
Hibbertia Moth
Phalaenoides glycinae


iNaturalist
Na
a
Other Common NameGrapevine Moth

Similar Species: Mistletoe Moth (Comocrus behri) : Crow Moth (Cruria donowani)
Thank you Thomas Mesaglio for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Adult, profile
🔍Adult, ventral
Larva
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Heliothinae
Ruby Owlet Moth
Australothis rubrescens
Na
e m
 
Dorsal
Profile
Anterior
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Heliothinae
Australian Native Budworm
Helicoverpa punctigera


iNaturalist
Na
e m a r
Other Common NamesCorn Ear Worm, Tomato Grub, Tobacco Budworm or Cotton Bollworm

Thank you Rog Standen for confirming the id of this species for us

Without seeing the hindwings (looking for a pale patch in the trailing black band in H. armigera), it's not possible to differentiate between the introduced H. armigera & this one. None of the specimens, where we have hind wing shots, have been H. armigera on Ellura
Dorsal
Profile
🔍Black Band on Hind Wings
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Heliothinae
Lesser Budworm
Heliothis punctifera


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you LifeIsAmazing for confirming the id of this species for us
 
🔍S11: Orange Morph, dorsal
S1: Orange Morph, dorsal
S1: Orange Morph, body
S1: Orange Morph, profile
S2: Orange Morph, Hindwings
🔍S3: Brown Morph, dorsal
S4: Faded, dorsal
S4: Faded, anterior
S4: Faded, profile
S4: Faded, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Noctuinae
Bogong Moth
Agrotis infusa
Na
e m a
~22mm long, wingspan ~45mm
S2: Female, Dark Morph, dorsal
🔍S3: Male, dorsal
S1: Male, Hindwings
S4: Male, Light Morph, dorsal
S4: Male, profile
S4: Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Noctuinae
Brown Cutworm Moth
Agrotis munda


iNaturalist
Na
e m a
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

~16mm long, wingspan ~36mm
Male 1, dorsal
Female 1, dorsal
Female 1, dorsal, wings ajar
🔍Female 2, dorsal
Female 10, dorsal
🔍Female, dorsal
Male 2, profile
Female 1, profile
🔍Female, Hindwings
Male 1, Antenna
Female 1, anterior
Female 2, anterior
Male 3, posterior
Female 2, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Noctuinae
Tasmanian Cutworm Moth
Dasygaster padockina
Na
e m a
S1 was about 17mm long with wingspan of about 44mm.
It's hard to believe these two specimens are the same species. Thanks to Peter Merriott for identifying the 2nd specimen for us
Quite possibly a species complex.
Notice the orange side tufts in S1, that were visible to the eye. On closer inspection we notice more orange scales on the face.
S1, dorsal
S2, dorsal
S1, profile
S1, tufts
S1, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Noctuinae
Pale Cutworm
Ectopatria cf virginea
Na
e m
Thank you Peter Marriott for identifying this species for us

Peter said it's a tentative id at this stage.
The only specimen we found, in October, was already dead and appears to have been killed by a parasite in it's side (see the ventral view).
Dorsal
Profile
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Noctuinae
Black Striped Grey Moth
Ectopatria paurogramma


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

Length ~24mm, wingspan ~30mm. It seems male & females have filiform antennae, but find anywhere that states this.
Very silvery grey moth with black longitudinal lines.
The cost has 2 dark patches which seem more consistent (in other photo's) than the black lines.
Each wing has an almost imperceptible trailing dark band.
The trailing hindwing has a wavy edge.
Not commonly seen nor collected, but found around the country (including Tasmania), the only specimen we found was in January. University specimens have been found between Nov to May.
Dorsal
Side
Profile
Anterior
Hindwing Trailing Shape
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Noctuinae
Saltbush Cutworm
Ectopatria sp


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Axel Kallies for identifying this species for us

We thought these were Ectopatria horologa.
The large number of photos of this species is to show the large variety of patterns speciemens can appear to have due to fading / wear.
It's not clear why the ventral photo's fat & thin bodies. It's possibly due to different genders, or perhaps one is gravid (pregnant).
They are ~18mm long, with wingspan ~40mm.
Axel said "Undescribed (according to ANIC)"; we assume he means there are matching specimens marked as "Undescribed Ectopatria" in the ANIC collection.
S1: Dorsal
S2: Dorsal, very worn
S3: Dorsal
S4: Dorsal
S5: Dorsal
S2: Dorsal
S1: Profile
🔍Female, profile
S1: Hindwings
S1: Anterior
S1: Camouflage
S1: Ventral, fatter
S2: Ventral, thinner, worn above
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Noctuinae
Single-lined Noctuid
Leucania stenographa
Na
e m
SynonymMythimna loreyimima

Other Common NameSugar Cane Armyworm

About 15mm long, with wingspan about 34mm.
Dorsal
Profile
Anterior
Leg Spines
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Noctuinae
Armyworm
Mythimna convecta
Na
e m
~22mm long, winspan ~46mm.
We haven't been able to differentiate the genders. These appear to be female based on body shape/roundness.
We've started noticing some moth species with hairy eyes, like here. We've seen this many times before with flies, but not with moths. We'll see if we can get better shots of the hairy eyes in the future.
Found 2 specimens in Jan & Oct
S1, dorsal, wings spread
S1, dorsal, wings closed
🔍S2, dorsal
S1, Profile
🔍S2, profile
S1, Partial hindwings
🔍S2, Hindwing
🔍S2, Antenna
🔍S2, Hairy Eyes
S1, ventral
🔍S2, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Noctuinae
Inland Armyworm
Persectania dyscrita
Na
e m
Nearly identical to P. ewingii, except here in the middle of the forewing there are two pale ellipses that are separated. With P. ewingii they form into one shape (often described as a dagger).
Differences between the genders is difficult. Females have black dash lines on their body and are slightly larger (23mm to 18mm for the males). Males have plain bodies, their antennae filaments are slightly longer, but not hugely so and are smaller.
We found 4 females and 2 males between Sept & Dec.
S5: Male, dorsal
S6: Male, profile, ~18mm
S5: Male, side, above
S5: Male, Body
S5: Male, Hindwings
🔍S7: Female, dorsal
S3: Female, profile
S1: Female, anterior
S3: Female, Body
S3: Female, ventral
S1: Female, ventral, ~23mm
Antenna comparison
S5: Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Noctuinae
Southern Armyworm
Persectania ewingii
Na
e m
We found 3 females + 2 males in Oct, Nov, Dec & Mar.
S2: Female, dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae Plusiinae
Green Looper
Plusiinae cf sp
Na
a
Thank you Don Herbison-Evans for confirming the id of this species for us

Marie found this in a lettuce bought from a shop in April.
It was damaged and died 24 hrs later when we tried to raise it.
Plusiinae is a sub-family, and may be raised to a family status in the future. We were worried it was a new invasion of an exotic, Silver Y (Autographa gamma), yet to be found in Australia
Don said "As a green smooth semi-looper feeding on Asteraceae: I agree that it is likely in Plusiinae, but sadly the larvae like this of species in Plusiinae are variable and nearly indistinguishable."
Profile
Mandibles & Eyes
Feet
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tuft Moth
:Noctuoidea Nolidae
Tactile Tuft Moth
Aquita tactalis


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you RattyExplores for confirming the id of this species for us

~11mm long, ~32mm wingspan
🔍Dorsal
🔍Profile
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tuft Moth
:Noctuoidea Nolidae
Pale Earias
Earias chlorodes
Na
e m
It is similar to some Phytometra, but they have thicker legs, longer palps & more triangular wings.
As the name suggests (chlorodes) they can be green, but generally seem to be pale yellow/off white.
Difficult to id with no lines or patterns whatsoever, id has to be made via physical attributes (large eyes kicking off the diagnostic filters

We found 3 specimens in March & December.
S2, dorsal
S2, profile
S3, dorsal
S3, profile
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tuft Moth
:Noctuoidea Nolidae
Western Tuft-moth
Nola celaenephes
Na
e m
~7mm long, ~22mm wingspan. Males & females both have filiform antennae
Found one in October.
Dorsal
Profile
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tuft Moth
:Noctuoidea Nolidae
Well-beaked Tuft-moth
Nola eurrhyncha


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Dezmond Wells for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Dorsal
Profile
Eyelashes
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tuft Moth
:Noctuoidea Nolidae
Gumleaf Skeletoniser
Uraba lugens


iNaturalist
Na
e m a
The main diagnostic features of the larvae are: Small (around 4mm), very hairy (long), 4 rows of yellow dots and they eat / live on the surfaces of gum leaves
Very variable skin colour; as can be seen. As well as orange or black heads.
The adults have a distinctive, mid-wing, horizontal line that separates them from any close relatives.
They are generally a dull (ie not shiny) looking grey moth, with males & females looking similar.
Males have bipectinate antennae, with females having filiform.
Note the various scale tufts on the female's wings. In fact much of the mid-wing line look raised. These are also present on the male, just weren't as visible in our photo's.
We have photographed 4 adult species (3 males at Ellura in Nov & a female in March in the Adelaide Hills).
S1, Female: dorsal
🔍S2, Male: dorsal
S2, Male: profile
S1, Female: profile
S1, Female: Hindwings
S3, Male: Hindwings
S4, Male: Hindwings
S1, Female: ventral
S2, Male: ventral
Larvae: Close up on one
Larvae: Orange Head
Larvae: Black one with others
Larvae: Different sizes
🔍Larvae: Perspective
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oakworm
:Noctuoidea Notodontidae
Patterned Notodontid
Aglaosoma cf variegata


iNaturalist
Na
m
Thank you Ethan Beaver & Peri Coleman for confirming the id of this species for us

~63mm long, found on Bullock Bush (Alectryon oleifolius).
🔍Larva, dorsal
🔍Larva, profile
🔍Larva, Tufts
🔍Larva, Legs, Spiracles, etc
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oakworm
:Noctuoidea Notodontidae
Prominent Zig-zag Moth
Commonia hesychima


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line:
🔍Profile
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oakworm
:Noctuoidea Notodontidae
Ochre Rough-head
Hylaeora dilucida


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

~82mm wingspan. This is a very large moth, so spent quite a bit of time hunting through the Ghost moth family looking for it. Of course it's in a totally different family.
We found one male specimen in April.
🔍Male: dorsal
🔍Male: profile
🔍Male: forewing
🔍Male: hindwings
🔍Male: Blue Reflective Patches
🔍Male: anterior
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oakworm
:Noctuoidea Notodontidae
Undescribed Rough-head
Hylaeora MoV1


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

This is figured in Moths of Victoria (MoV) part 2 as Hylaeora sp. (1)
~30mm long, ~70mm wingspan. Males have bipectinate antennae, while females have filiform antennae.
These have a complex of colour shades on the forewing. A stark white streak near front of the inner margin. At the back is a large triangular dark patch separated from the rest of the dark grey wing by a thick, very pale, line. It's almost indistinguishable, but definately there to the naked eye; photographing it is another matter. As with other Rough-heads the back of the neck is a complex array of large bluish scales.
The overall colours & patterns are reminiscent of sap on bark of a Mallee Tree; the body matching the ochre colour of a broken limb.
As with other members of this family, it plays dead a lot, curling up & exposing it's ochre body.
Came to night light, but was on the ground.
One male specimen found in March.
🔍Male, dorsal
🔍Male, profile
🔍Male, Playing Dead
🔍Male, Hindwing
🔍Male, anterior
🔍Male, Ochre Body
🔍Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Oakworm
:Noctuoidea Notodontidae
Bag Shelter Moth
Ochrogaster lunifer


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Other Common NameProcessionary Caterpillar

Thank you Tony and Jenny Dominelli for confirming the id of this species for us

Thank you Ethan Beaver for noting special characteristics of this species for us

See individual photo's for more information.
Head & body ~18mm, wingspan ~45mm (ours all seem to be similar size). Males & females have bipectinate antennae, with males having much longer (obvious to the naked eye) pectinations.
Caterpillars in our area seem very green to most other images. While male adult wing patterns vary considerably, they generally seem to be a subset of the most heavily marked specimens. At most a black transverse wavy line, with many white longitudinal lines; with at the least a tiny white spot. Females seem to only have a white spot, not white stripes. All our specimens have the same dull brown background, where as others vary between nearly black to ochre coloured backgrounds (Ethan's collection indicates strong geographic variation of the background colour, as well as size). It is considered these are a species complex. He even has a specimen with no orange on the abdomen!
Gender cannot be reliably determined from their posterial white scales, as these wear off and possibly vary in colour (in males). Ethan told us that these white scales are used to protect the eggs. He said "they form such a dense coating that ants and other small creatures cannot dislodge them to reach the eggs". The antennae, which are often well hidden, are the only reliable form of separation (but a striped specimen is most likely a male and a specimen with bulbous white "tail" will be a female).
Regularly seen inhabitants of Ellura with larvae sightings between Jan & June. 5 female & 14 male adults (9 adults in one night) in October.
Video:
A 28 processionary caterpillar train, about 1m long. We've seen a train up to 2m (5Mb)
A small processionary caterpillar train, up close showing the "connections" (11Mb)
The silken trail of Bag shelter moth larva between their food tree and their shelter bag (16Mb)
A lot of Bag shelter moth larvae (16Mb)
Larva: Head & dorsal
Larva: profile & Feet
Larva: Skin
Larva: Hairy Face
Larva: Spiracles
Larva: ventral
Larvae: The Canteen
Larvae: Food Orgy
Larvae: Off to safety
Larvae: The silken road home
Larvae: The front door
Larvae: Home is where the bag is
Larvae: Silken Trail
Larvae: Ground Procession
Larvae: Hairy connection
Pupa
Female S1: anterior
Female S1: profile
Female S2: Hindwings
Female S2: Body
Female S6: Posterial scales used
🔍Female S12: Antenna
Male S14: dorsal
🔍Male S21: dorsal
🔍Male S8: dorsal
🔍Male S20: dorsal, worn
Male S3: dorsal, worn, & hindwings
Male S19: profile
Male S22: anterior
Male S14: Body, with posterial scales
Male S22: Body, posterial scales worn
Male S14: Antennae
Male S19: Underwing - dappled
Male S23: Underwing - plain
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Snub Moth
:Noctuoidea Oenosandridae
Bat-eared Snub-moth
Discophlebia ANIC1


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Axel Kallies for identifying this species for us

~17mm long, ~37mm wingspan.
Orange tail, white hindwings with dark scales & dark long hairs on the costa & inner edge.
Notice the "fork tipped scales".
These sit with their head folded down & in, making it very difficult to see their eyes. They have 2 crests, which resemble bat-ears.
While we recognised these as Discophlebia, Alex kindly matched them to the ANIC sp 1 specimens. As such, it's known about but undescribed.
We photographed 3 specimens in March.
🔍S1, dorsal
🔍S2, dorsal
🔍S1, profile
🔍S2, profile
🔍S2, Antenna
🔍S2, Hindwing
🔍S2, Orange Tail
🔍S2, Dual Crests
🔍S2, anterior
🔍S2, Forked Scales
🔍S2, Face
🔍S2, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Snub Moth
:Noctuoidea Oenosandridae
Boisduval's Autumn Moth
Oenosandra boisduvalii


iNaturalist
Na
e m a
Thank you Matt Campbell & Geoffrey Cox for confirming the id of this species for us

The males & females of these are VERY different, you wouldn't recognise them as the same species. The female has a very white base colour, where as the male is more grey; and the orange flecks on the spread out rather than being in the narrow black region like with the females.
We have photographed 10 specimens in Mar, Apr & Aug.
Male, Adult, dorsal
Male, Adult, profile
Male, Adult, anterior
🔍Male, Adult, dorsal
🔍Male, Adult, profile
🔍Male, Adult, anterior
🔍Male, Adult, ventral
🔍Female, Adult, dorsal
🔍Female, Adult, profile
🔍Female, Adult, profile
🔍Female, Adult, ventral
🔍Larva, dorsal
🔍Larva, profile
🔍Larva, Eyes
🔍Larva, posterior
🔍Larva, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Plume Moth
:Pterophorioidea Pterophoridae
Spotted Wide-winged Plume Moth
Platyptilia celidotus


iNaturalist
Na
m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

There were 2 specimens on the night that came to a night light.
Based on body shape I assume the 1st is a female, and the 2nd specimen a male.
While the antennae look the same, the male has less dark banding and much longer wing hair like scales.
🔍Female: dorsal
🔍Female: profile
🔍Female: Head, dorsal
🔍Female: Head, profile
🔍Female: Wing
🔍Female: Abdomen
🔍Male: Wing "hair"
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Plume Moth
:Pterophorioidea Pterophoridae
Xerodes Plume Moth
Stangeia xerodes
Na
m a
 
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Plume Moth
:Pterophorioidea Pterophoridae
Horehound Plume Moth
Wheeleria spilodactylus
If
e m
 
Anterior
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Saltbush Web Spinner
Achyra affinitalis


iNaturalist
Na
e m a
Other Common NameCotton Web Spinner

Thank you Dianne Clarke for confirming the id of this species for us

It's interesting that the brown morphs were photographed in the Adelaide Hills. The Red Morphs were photographed in the Murray Mallee, with a propensity for red sandy loam; suggesting a camouflage variation for local areas.
Body & head length ~10mm & wingspan ~24mm
Dark Brown Morph, dorsal
Dark Brown Morph, profile
Light Brown Morph, dorsal
Light Red Morph, dorsal
Light Red Morph, dorsal
Light Red Morph, profile
Dark Red Morph, dorsal
Dark Red Morph, profile
Dark Red Morph, partial Hindwing
Dark Red Morph, very worn
🔍Dark Red Morph, scales
🔍Dark Red Morph, head, close up
Dark Red Morph, antenna
Light Brown Morph, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Small-kite Moth
Autarotis milvellus


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line: ~6mm long, ~14mm wingspan.
They look like small Metallarcha thiophara & some Hednota sp moths.
We photographed 4 specimens in March, at a night light sheet.
🔍S2, dorsal
🔍S1, profile
🔍S2, profile
🔍S3, profile
🔍S1, Hind wings
S4, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Eastern Black Tabby
Diplopseustis perieresalis


iNaturalist
Na
a
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

~9mm long, ~20mm wingspan.
We photographed one specimen in Feb.
🔍Dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
White Patched Crambid
Eclipsiodes homora
Na
e m
Similar Species: Bird-wing Moth (Uresiphita ornithopteralis)
~7mm long & ~17mm wingspan.
Very shiny scales, so difficult to get photo's to highlight the white patch as oposed to reflective glare. It has stunning orange hindwings, with a thick black trailing border.
While this superficially looks like a Wattle Moth, it is much smaller.
The body has an orange band as well, but this doesn't seem to be consistent across on-line images. In Bold BINS there are 4 records describing this species, which indicates it's a species complex. Eurhythma sp. ANIC6 & Eurhythma sp. 6 (as figured on Bold V3) have the same DNA markers.
We found one specimen in in October, which had a black bald patch on it's back (behind it's head).
Dorsal - with flash
Dorsal - no flash
Hindwings
Anterior
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Azolla Caseworm
Elophila responsalis


iNaturalist
Na
e m
SynonymsDiasemia responsalis or Nymphula responsalis

2nd Record in SA
~7mm long & ~17mm wingspan.
A very pretty moth with indistinct white lines separating black & orange patches.
It seems to be very variable. Originally found in Qld, but has travelled down the Eastern seaboard and along the Murray into SA. This is only the second specimen found in SA that we can find.
Two specimens found at night lights in Jan & March.
🔍Dorsal, showing Hindwing
🔍Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
White Streaked Crambid
Eudonia cleodoralis


iNaturalist
Na
e m a
SynonymScoparia cleodoralis

Thank you Abbey Throssell for identifying, Prof Victor W Fazio III† & Michael Keogh for confirming and David Akers for helping with the id of this species for us

The usual diagnostic feature of having different antennae does not seem to separate out the genders with this species. We have assumed the fatter body is female.
Patchy white palps
Female, dorsal
Female, profile
Female, ventral
Male, dorsal
Male, Hindwing
Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Yellow Striped Crambid
Glaucocharis dilatella


iNaturalist
Na
a
Other Common NameOcellated Web Moth

Thank you Dr Bevan Buirchell for confirming the id of this species for us

A stunning little moth on screen, yet nondescript to the naked eye.
Generally sits with it's legs forward and antennae laid back over it's body.
Large scaly palps held out forward making quite a snout
The forewings wings trail with longitudinal short yellow stripes separated by black marks. Followed by metallic silver, black, then silver transverse stripes.
🔍Dorsal, length ~10mm, wingspan ~15mm
Profile
Palps
🔍Camouflage
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Double-striped Grass Moth
Hednota bivittella


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Matt Campbell for confirming the id of this species for us

Very large specimen. Considered to be ~30mm wingspan, this one is ~42mm wingspan
Based on body shape, we think it's a female.
You can understand why we thought this one was a cousin of Angled Satin Moth (thalaina angulosa), a Thalaina tetraclada. We were quite exited as we thought it was the most Eastern record of this species.
But no, it's not even a Geometrid; you can tell by the massive, great big hooter!
It's a Crambidae, a totally different family.
🔍Dorsal
🔍Profile
🔍Wings Open
🔍Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
White-marked Webworm
Hednota crypsichroa


iNaturalist
Na
e m
~12mm long, ~25mm wingspan.
🔍Dorsal
🔍Profile
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Round-marked Grass Webworm
Hednota cyclosema


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Other Common NamePasture Webworm

Thank you Karen Weaving for confirming the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line: Wingspan ~20mm
We have photographed 24 specimens in March & April.
Dorsal
🔍Dorsal
🔍Profile
🔍Profile
Anterior
Ventral
🔍Antennae
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Grass Webworm
Hednota enchias
Na
e m
Other Common NamePasture Webworm

~10mm long, ~21mm wingspan.
White & brown striped with black bars on the trailing forewings, with dark speckles receding towards the front.
It is very similar to Hednota koojanensis, but that species has a straighter mid-line.
Found one specimen in March.
Dorsal
Profile
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Metallic Grass Webworm
Hednota eremenopa
Na
e m
Other Common NamePasture Webworm

Wingspan ~20mm
Dorsal
🔍Profile
3 Bars on wing
Anterior
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Grass Webworm
Hednota grammellus


iNaturalist
Na
a
Other Common NamePasture Webworm

Thank you Matt Campbell for identifying this species for us

Wingspan ~30mm
Looks very similar to Hednota opulentellus; which we thought it was originally.
Ken Harris said "The white stripe just inside the leading edge is continuous. In H. opulentellus, there are two white striped overlapping half-way along the wing".
We have photographed 10 specimens in March & April.
Profile
Profile
🔍Profile
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Serrated Antennae Webworm
Hednota impletellus


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line: ~12mm long, ~27mm wingspan.
Found 1 in March.
🔍Dorsal
🔍Profile
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Long-palped Webworm
Hednota longipalpella


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you CPye3381 for confirming the id of this species for us

~13mm long, ~26mm wingspan.
Note the difference between the 2 profile shots. They are of the same specimen, just one is reversed. I always prepare photo's with the head to the left. However, the side that is most "worn" also has a lot more black scales near the rear of the forewing than the other side. Possibly a strange wear pattern, or possibly asymetric. This is also evident from the dorsal shot.
🔍Dorsal
🔍Profile, worn
🔍Profile
🔍Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Broken Line Grass Webworm
Hednota panteucha
Na
e m
Other Common NamePasture Webworm

~12mm long, ~27mm wingspan. Bipectinate antennae.
Very long palps & legs. It's almost spider-like.
Found one specimen in April
Dorsal
Profile
Wings Splayed
Wings Wrapped
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Black Grass Webworm
Hednota pedionoma
Na
e m
Other Common NamePasture Webworm

Wingspan ~24mm
S1: Profile
S2: Dorsal
S2: Dorsal, spread wings
S2: Profile
S2: Anterior
S1: Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Grass Webworm
Hednota relatalis
Na
a
Other Common NamePasture Webworm

Wingspan ~27mm
S1: In Nature
S2: Profile
S2: Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Beautiful-skinned Snout Moth
Hednotodes callichroa


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Mark Hura for identifying and Axel Kallies for confirming the id of this species for us

~10mm long, ~22m wingspan.
🔍Dorsal
🔍Profile
🔍Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Cabbage Centre Grub Moth
Hellula hydralis


iNaturalist
Na
e m a r
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

We are staggered with the variations in the colours of some moths. We indicate they are different morphs in our site here to help people id them, but it's possible they fade. Fading is different to wearing. Some moth scales wear off and you can see their "skin" were all the scales have worn. This can make id difficult where the scale with patterns don't exist. Others can loose large chunks of their trailing wings, which can hold diagnostic patterns. And then, like here, they can have massive variations in the darkness of the scales, but the lines are just visible to id the moth; barely.
Having changed all our common names of moths whose larvae feed on agricultural plants to their native plant food, we are unable to do this with this species. It caterpillars feed on Brassicaceae, with no natives in this plant family in the region. As such, we can assume we only see them due to the copious infestations of Ward's Weed, etc, throughout the Murraylands.
Profile
Dark Morph, partial Hindwing
Medium Morph, dorsal
Pale Morph, dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Pond Moth
Hygraula nitens
Na
e m
~7mm long, ~15mm wingspan. A small, typical crambid shaped moth.
The one we found was quite pale compared to some other on-line photo's. Basically brown with white lateral streaks.
We found one specimen in December (in a semi-arid region in drought, not sure about the 'pond' name?)
Dorsal
Profile
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Metallarcha Moth
Metallarcha beatalis


iNaturalist
Na
e m
SynonymBotys beatalis

Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line: It seems there are two types of this species. It's possible it's gender, but that's not clear. Our "Type 1" doesn't have solid bars on the fore-wings. Our "Type 2" does.
Type 1, Hindwing, wingspan ~28mm
Type 1, dorsal
Type 1, Head profile
Type 1, ventral
Type 1, outside
Type 2, Hindwings
Type 2, dorsal
Type 2, profile
Type 2, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Metallarcha Moth
Metallarcha calliaspis


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line:
Dorsal & Hindwings, wingspan ~24mm
Profile
Head
Anterior
Camouflage
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Golden Metallarcha Moth
Metallarcha diplochrysa


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Dr Ken Walker for identifying and Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Dorsal, ~10mm
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Western Metallarcha Moth
Metallarcha pseliota


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Mark Hura for confirming the id of this species for us

~9mm long, ~18mm wingspan.
Typical looking metallarcha with orange & black hingwings. Forwings are black with 3 large rectangular white patches and 7 trailing orange spots.
One specimen found in Feb
Dorsal
Profile
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Metallarcha Moth
Metallarcha thiophara
Na
e m
 
Dorsal
Profile
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
White Dashed Crambid
Metasia capnochroa


iNaturalist
Na
a
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Posterior, ~6mm
Ventral, wingspan ~15mm
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Antler Moth
Nacoleia rhoeoalis
Na
a
SynonymBotys hypsidesalis
 
Dorsal, ~7mm
Profile
Profile
Anterior
Antenna
Ventral, wingspan ~16mm
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Spotted Crambid
Nomophila corticalis


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Dark morph, dorsal
Pale morph, profile
Pale morph, dorsal, wings out slightly
Mid morph, dorsal
Antenna
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Solanum Moth
Sceliodes cordalis
Na
e m
Other Common NameEggfruit Caterpillar

~9mm long & ~20mm wingspan.
One specimen found in October.
Dorsal
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Black & White Crambid
Scoparia exhibitalis


iNaturalist
Na
e m a
Other Common NameBlack and White Crambid

Thank you Don Herbison-Evans for identifying this species for us
 
S1: Dorsal
S2: Dorsal, length ~9mm, wingspan ~20mm
S3: Profile
S1: Palps
S1: Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Bird-wing Moth
Uresiphita ornithopteralis


iNaturalist
Na
e m a
Other Common NameTree Lucerne Moth

Similar Species: White Patched Crambid (Eclipsiodes homora)
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

A deceptively large moth, ~18mm long & ~34mm wingspan.
They have two colour forms. The ones we've seen have a general reddish brown colour with thick white legs being the most distinguishing feature; until you see their windwings. Brilliant orange, offset by a thick black trailing band. Underneath their wings are generally pale yellow with a pink section along the costa of both wings, much thicker on the hindwings extending to almost half the wing.
We have photographed 7 specimens in Jan, Apr, May, Aug, Sep & Dec.
S2, Dark Form, dorsal
🔍S3, Pale Form, dorsal
🔍S7, Dark Form, dorsal
🔍S5, Dark Form, profile
🔍S7, Dark Form, Hindwings
S2, Dark Form, Head
🔍S7, Dark Form, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Grass Moth
:Pyraloidea Pyralidae
Variable Bent-wing
Araeopaschia cf sp
Na
e m
This has been a very difficult species to id.
As always, please only take our id's as a starting point for your own reseach.
Dorsal, ~10mm
Profile, wingspan ~25mm
Anterior, note the ocullus
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Grass Moth
:Pyraloidea Pyralidae
White Streaked Pyralid
Assara holophragma
Na
e m
 
Profile
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Grass Moth
:Pyraloidea Pyralidae
Mourning Pyralid Moth
Catamola funerea


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Don Herbison-Evans for confirming the id of this species for us
 
🔍
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Grass Moth
:Pyraloidea Pyralidae
Almella Frass Moth
Ctenomeristis almella


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Ned Fisher for confirming the id of this species for us

~10mm long & ~23mm wingspan.
The males antennae are uni-pectinate, females are filiform.
The lines are often very "broken" or patchy making id difficult as the missing areas of line are not diagnostic. It has very short upturned palps. The front of the main lines, towards the head & middle of the wing, can be turned up in tufts as shown here.
The hindwings are pale yellow from under, but we couldn't get a top shot of the hindwings which are plain with a simple line running along the trailing edge.
Ten specimens photographed, one female (in Apr), in Sep, Oct, Nov, Jan, Mar & Apr.
🔍Male, dorsal
Male, dorsal
Male, profile
Male, Tufts
Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Grass Moth
:Pyraloidea Pyralidae
Tufted Pyralid Moth
Enchesphora brachypalpia


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Rog Standen for confirming the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line: ~12mm long & ~28mm wingspan. Gender is not normally separated out with antennae with these Pyralid moths. As such we suspect this is a female by body shape, but aren't sure.
What a spectacular moth with tufts going in all directions! This is a perfect example of why we need to take the profile shots. We even took 2 here to give slightly different aspects of the tufts.
A pretty moth with white splashes under the tufts, mainly grey & brown mottling, with black scaloping lines towards the trailing of the forewing.
Under the hindwings we see primarily cream coloured wings, each with a dark brown trailing band, a central spot and faint zig zag line between.
One specimen found in November.
🔍Dorsal
Profile
Perspective
🔍Anterior
🔍Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Grass Moth
:Pyraloidea Pyralidae
Small Tabby
Etiella behrii
Na
e m a
 
Female, dorsal
Male, profile
🔍Male, anterior
🔍Male, Palps
🔍Male, Antenna
Male, Very Worn
Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Grass Moth
:Pyraloidea Pyralidae
Striped Snout Moth
Etiella chrysoporella


iNaturalist
Na
e m a
Thank you Dr Bevan Buirchell for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Slight Profile
Dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Grass Moth
:Pyraloidea Pyralidae
Greater Wax Moth
Galleria mellonella


iNaturalist
If
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

~14mm long, ~33mm wingspan.
We found one in November
🔍Dorsal
🔍Profile
🔍Anterior
Hindwing
Upper Abdomen
🔍Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Grass Moth
:Pyraloidea Pyralidae
Grey Snout Moth
Meyrickiella homosema


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

~8mm long & ~19mm wingspan.
A very distinctive little moth where the palps turn up sharply making the face look quite square.
A grey dappled appearance with indistinct pale yellow longitudinal stripes that look more like wear than scale colour (but they are coloured scales)
Reasonably common, we've imaged 6 specimens in Mar, Jul, Sep, Oct & Nov.
S3: dorsal
S1: profile
S2: profile
S3: profile
S3: profile, no flash
S5: profile
S6: profile
S3: anterior
S3: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Grass Moth
:Pyraloidea Pyralidae
False-tongue Moth
Mimaglossa habitalis


iNaturalist
Na
e m
~18mm long, wingspan ~40mm
🔍Dorsal
🔍Profile
🔍Palps, ventral
🔍Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Grass Moth
:Pyraloidea Pyralidae
One-eyed Moth
Mimaglossa nauplialis


iNaturalist
Na
e m a
Looks very similar to M. habitalis, but M. habitalis has a wingspan of about 40mm, M. nauplialis has a wing span of out 25mm, which is the size of those in these photos.
🔍Dorsal
Profile
Ventral
Body + Hindwings
More Hindwings
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Grass Moth
:Pyraloidea Pyralidae
Red-blotched Pyralid
Morosaphycita oculiferella


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Dr Bevan Buirchell for confirming the id of this species for us
 
🔍S1, dorsal
🔍S2, dorsal
🔍S1, profile
🔍S2, profile
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Grass Moth
:Pyraloidea Pyralidae
Teatree Web Moth
Orthaga thyrisalis


iNaturalist
Na
a
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

~12mm long
🔍Dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Grass Moth
:Pyraloidea Pyralidae
Indian Meal Moth
Plodia interpunctella


iNaturalist
If
e m
Other Common NamesIndianmeal Moth or Indian-meal Moth

Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

~7mm long, ~17mm wingspan
We found one in December
🔍Dorsal
🔍Profile
🔍Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Grass Moth
:Pyraloidea Pyralidae
Black Pyralid
Stericta carbonalis
Na
e m a
 
S2: Deceased, dorsal
S4: Deceased, dorsal
S4: Deceased, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Case Moth
:Tineoidea Psychidae
Scruffy Case Moth
Ardiosteres moretonella


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

These scruffy looking moths look almost spiky due to the number of scales randomly protruding from the body & wings.
About 9mm head & body length, ~22m wingspan.
S1: Dorsal
S1: Profile
S2: Partial Hindwing
S1: Anterior
S1: Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Case Moth
:Tineoidea Psychidae
Faggot Case Moth
Clania ignobilis


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Ethan Beaver for identifying and David Muirhead & Leonie Kirchmajer for confirming the id of this species for us

It was previously considered the species could be identified by the unevenness (or evenness) of the sticks on the case; however this has been shown to be incorrect.
Thanks to Nina Maurovic for letting use know a "faggot" means a bundle of sticks.
These are parasitised by flies, as shown here: Parasitic Fly (Tritaxys sp)
We asked Ethan how he was able to determine the id to species he said "C. ignobilis can only be identified as such in your sighting because the only other spp with similar structures (C. lewinii and Euneta spp) do not occur in the SA mallee regions and are instead restricted to higher rainfall areas along the coast and ranges"
Further "Generally speaking C. lewinii selects rougher sticks and creates smaller cases on average, particularly the males, but it's not something easy to pick without the two side by side, and variation will be present due to host plant availability"
🔍Partially constructed case
Completed Case
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Case Moth
:Tineoidea Psychidae
Case Moth
Lepidoscia cf euryptera
Na
e m
~8mm long & ~17mm wingspan, with filiform antennae
We found 4 specimens in April.
S2: dorsal
S2: profile
S4: Hindwing
S3: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Case Moth
:Tineoidea Psychidae
Case Moth
Lepidoscia heliochares


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Michael Keogh for confirming the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line: We were very excited with this find as it was the first adult specimen of a case we had found. Yet were very family with seeing the cases hanging from bushes as we walk Ellura.
Profile, ~10mm
Dorsal & Hindwing
Anterior
Ventral
Dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Case Moth
:Tineoidea Psychidae
Case Moth
Lomera sp ES01


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Ethan Beaver for identifying this species for us

We suspected this is the Leaf Case Moth (Hyalarcta huebneri), but weren't sure.
Ethan said "the pattern of the larva is different (to the other Lomera he id'ed) so I can't say for certain if they are different species or different ages". Since we found them in very different area's we have labelled as separate species, more for web site layout than any other reason.
🔍Larva: On the Move
🔍Larva: Front
🔍Larva: Casing & Size
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Case Moth
:Tineoidea Psychidae
Messy-case Moth
Lomera sp ES02


iNaturalist
Na
r
Thank you Ethan Beaver for identifying this species for us

The case is ~15mm.
The larvae have very strong legs compared to most, as well as well developed antennae.
We thought this was Metura sp.
🔍Dorsal
Profile, Strong Legs
Anatomy
🔍Case
🔍Perspective
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Case Moth
:Tineoidea Psychidae
Tiny Case Moth
Psychidae sp ES01


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Andy Young for identifying this species for us

Wingspan ~8mm, body length ~3.5mm.
Clear wings, with some dark scaly hairs. Body has some white scaly hairs as well.
Notice the setae at the front of the hindwing, that goes into a "pocket" on the forewing. When we asked what that was Andy said: "That spur and reticulum arrangement that co-joins the wings is the frenulum. It's quite a handy taxonomic feature: if you look in Moths of Australia, it is often included in character matrix for diagnosing the various Families. "
Andy highlighted these moths to us, which he & Richard Glatz found when surveying moths near Banrock at night sheets last year; using MV light source.
It's undescribed and if studied will probably lead to a new genus to place it in.
They come just after proper dark. Between 6:30pm & 7:00pm.
We found 4 specimens in April.
🔍S3: Dorsal
🔍S1: Profile, Frenulum
S1: Profile
S1: Antennae
🔍S3: Frenulum, from under
🔍S3: Mouth
S1: Anal appendages
S1: Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tineid Moth
:Tineoidea Tineidae
Yellow & Purple Clothes Moth
Edosa meliphanes


iNaturalist
Na
a
Other Common NameYellow and Purple Clothes Moth

Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line:
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tineid Moth
:Tineoidea Tineidae
Bird Nest Moth
Monopis crocicapitella


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Other Common NameBlack and brown tineid

Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

Tineids usually eat dead organic matter, like clothes, and in this case Bird's Nests
Dorsal
Head
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tineid Moth
:Tineoidea Tineidae
Tineid Case Moth
Tineidae sp
Na
e m
Thank you Ethan Beaver for helping with the id of this species for us

This is a most unusual Case moth as it's case is made of sand. We thought it was a caddisfly, but they are aquatic and the head of this is not that of a caddisfly but of some type of caterpillar.
We then thought it was a Case moth (Psychidae), but they don't make their cases out of sand.
Finally we found this family makes cases out of all sorts of things, including sand.
The most well known is the introduced clothes moth (Tinea pellionella) but would be surprised those could survive the semi-arid conditions. Many species in this family make cases.
Ethan said "Sand and small pebble designs are not uncommon but are rarely recorded because they are so cryptic."
Larva: On the Move
Larva: Front
Larva: Casing
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Tortrix Moth
Anisogona similana


iNaturalist
Na
a
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Dorsal, ~10mm
Profile
Head
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Red Leaf Roller
Capua intractana


iNaturalist
Na
e m
 
Dorsal, ~8mm
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Sida Tipworm Moth
Crocidosema plebejana
Na
e m
Other Common NameCotton Tipworm Moth

We have no cotton in SA, but this species is still found. It's caterpillars feed on Malvaceae. Limstone Sida & Clustered Lawrencia are the only Malvaceae plants we've found on Ellura so far. As is our general stance on common names, it's wrong to call something by the introduced plant it eats when it was surviving happily before European invasion.
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Leaf Roller Moth
Cryptoptila australana
Na
e m
 
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Yellow Cobblestoned Leaf Roller
Dichelopa achranta


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Dr Peter McQuillan for identifying this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line:
We thought this was Merophyas siniodes but Peter said "Dichelopa achranta is known from dry open woodlands including the mallee. Looks rather like a Clepsis/Merophyas but is more lustrous and with a "cobblestone" pattern." He also suggested it may use Beyeria as a food source, which we have plenty of.
Dorsal
Hind Wings
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Light Brown Wattle Moth
Epiphyas postvittana
Na
a
Other Common NameLight Brown Apple Moth
 
Dorsal
Profile
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Brown Tortrix Moth
Epiphyas xylodes
Na
a
 
S2: Dorsal
S1: Dorsal
S1: Profile
S1: Hindwings
S2: Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Patchy Leaf Roller
Grapholita sp ES01


iNaturalist
Na
e m
You can see the colour of this one specimen varies considerably depending on the angle of the flash light. From dark brown to almose white.
Profile
Dorsal, ~7mm
Ventral
No reflection
Reflecting
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Patched Leaf Roller
Grapholita sp ES02


iNaturalist
Na
e m
 
Dorsal, ~7mm
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Metallic Leaf Roller
Grapholita sp ES05
Na
e m
 
Dorsal
Profile
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Pink Tufted Moth
Heliocosma anthodes


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Axel Kallies for confirming the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line:
~6mm long, ~15mm wingspan.
Males have very thick antennae compared to females, both being filiform.
Male, dorsal
🔍Male, profile
Female, profile
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Black & White Tufted Moth
Heliocosma melanotypa


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Other Common NameBlack and White Tufted Moth

Thank you Dr Bevan Buirchell for confirming the id of this species for us
 
🔍Profile
Dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Trailing-spotted Tortrix Moth
Meritastis polygraphana


iNaturalist
Na
e m
 
🔍Dorsal
🔍Profile
🔍Partial Hindwing
🔍Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Striking Tortrix Moth
Meritastis pyrosemana
Na
a
 
Dorsal
Profile
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Eucalyptus Leafroller Moth
Strepsicrates macropetana


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for identifying and Dr Bevan Buirchell for confirming the id of this species for us

We thought this was a Diamond-backed Tortrix Moth (Oxysemaphora notialis). Partly our mistake came from a camera artifact that over exposed the back, making it look like a diamond; but they also vary in how white the pattern on their back is. We've now added other photo's of another, darker specimen we found that shows the same patterns, except where the first was over-exposed.
🔍S2: Female, dorsal
🔍S1: profile
🔍S2: Female, profile
🔍S2: Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Sedge Moth
:Yponomeutoid Glyphipterigidae
Sedge Moth
Glyphipterix chrysoplanetis


iNaturalist
Na
a
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us
 
Profile
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Sedge Moth
:Yponomeutoid Glyphipterigidae
Metallic Sedge Moth
Glyphipterix meteora


iNaturalist
Na
a
Thank you Ralph Foster for confirming the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line:
Profile
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Diamondback Moth
:Yponomeutoid Plutellidae
Australian Diamondback Moth
Plutella cf australiana


iNaturalist
Na
e m
SynonymPlutella xylostella-australiana

Thank you Alan Melville for confirming the id of this species for us

Only discovered as being a separate moth this year (2018).
It is not possible to differentiate them visibly from the introduced Cabbage Moth. However, the introduced moth is a cosmopolitan species, and seems to prefer cooler/wetter environments. As such, we are guessing this is the native one at Ellura, but the introduced one in the Adelaide Hills.
Thanks to Donald Hobern for alerting us to this new species

Unusually on iNat they are now calling this "Complex Plutella xylostella-australiana", it's not a proper taxon name or identifier and should really be left as Plutella genus, but it does a good job of quickly highlighting the situation.
S2: Pale
S3: Darker
S3: Profile
S6: Profile, ~6mm
S6: Vental, wingspan ~15mm
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Diamondback Moth
:Yponomeutoid Plutellidae
Cabbage Moth
Plutella cf xylostella
If
a
SynonymPlutella xylostella-australiana

Other Common NameDiamondback Moth

Thank you Alan Melville for confirming the id of this species for us

This introduced species is highly variable in it's colours. The antennae always have banding, however, and point forward.
Profile
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Cup Moth
:Zygaenoidea Limacodidae
Tiger Cup Moth
Anaxidia lactea


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Dr Bevan Buirchell for confirming the id of this species for us

~17mm long, ~38mm wingspan. Limacodidae (this family) males have bipectinate antennae & females have ciliated (fine, hairy); would look filiform to the naked eye. Interestingly we have never found a female Limacodidae, and can't find any photo's of a female of this species.
A very distinctive moth with a "lighting flash" black line near the trailing edge of the wings; and very fury looking like other cup moths. The rest of both wings are a plain sandy brown; which makes sense as they are an arid species.
The real surprise is underneath with bright orange & black striped legs, orange striped body & orange highlights around the face. The antennae bases are covered in an orange tuft. The short scales making the orange body stripes are covered with long sandy brown scales; making the orange stripes nearly visible.
We found 6 males in Nov & Dec.
Dorsal
Profile
Hindwing
Underwing
Face
Anterior
Body
Front leg
Ventral
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Cup Moth
:Zygaenoidea Limacodidae
Wattle Cup Moth
Calcarifera ordinata


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Dr Bevan Buirchell for confirming the id of this species for us
 
🔍Profile
🔍Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Cup Moth
:Zygaenoidea Limacodidae
Four-spotted Cup Moth
Doratifera quadriguttata


iNaturalist
Na
e m a
Other Common NameSlug Moth

Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

~15mm long, wingspan ~34mm. Males have bipectinate antennae, females are filiform. The male pectinations are unusually thick and each look cupped & thicker at the end, almost spatulate.
A "Cup" moth because the pupal case is in the form of a cup.
A "Slug" moth because it's the only family who's larva don't have pro-legs and look more like a green slug (a snail without a house) from underneath.
This is a very interesting species. We believe it's a spcies complex, as there are 7 Bold DNA bins, with differing numbers of spots. The common name is miss-leading .... 2 spots per side = 4 spots total, or 4 spots per side? As it turns out we've counted between 2 to 8 spots per side. There is also another species whose adult is visually indistinguishable from these, Doratifera casta; which strangely isn't represented in the Bold DNA bins. As such, we'll show the adult & larva together under one species here, even though the adult could be the other.
The larva has retractable needle stingers discussed below. They have ordinary caterpillar heads, which is hard to see as it can be retracted and protected behind a thick layer of skin.
We've only found one adult in November.
Male: dorsal
Male: profile
Male: walking
Male: pectinations
Male: ventral
Larva: dorsal
Larva: profile
🔍Larva: exposed stingers
🔍Larva: retracted stingers
🔍Larva: texture
Larva: viewing slits?
Larva: head
Larva: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Cup Moth
:Zygaenoidea Limacodidae
Cup Moth
Doratifera sp
Na
e m
While we knew some people were sensitive to caterpillar hairs, we didn't realise they could be poisonous.
Well this one is! Apparently it's worse than a bee sting. We were so lucky not to get stung, because the bush was full of them, and were pushing into it to get good angles for the photo's.
You can be stung just by brushing passed them.
You can see in the close up that it's feeling threatened, and the spines are protruding. If you look closely you can see a little edge on each one about half way along; that's where it retracts. They are hypodermic needles filled with poison!
In future we'll be treating these with a lot more respect & distance
Larva: back
Larva: front
🔍Larva: profile
Larva: isometric
Larva: Spines Armed
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Cup Moth
:Zygaenoidea Limacodidae
Golden Cup Moth
Pseudanapaea sp


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Always surprises me to see moth playing dead.
We were testing a new LED work light out as a moth light. Worked very well. Unfortunately this fellow sat on it (stuffing up the lighting), flapped about a lot and either exhausted itself or felt threatened by the camera. After a while it just keeled over and looked dead (when I got the ventral shot). It later "recovered" and flew away

We've gone through the 21 Bold Bins related to Pseudanapaea.
3 are in SA. This is the only one not P. denotata by DNA testing, it's P. transvestita. It's right on the SA/NSW/Vic Border. ie River Murray: Bold Bin
There is at least one sample "BC EF Lep 01466" that has no large white/pale patch behind the orange, as in most P. transvestita. Therefore, we don't think it's possible to visually differentiate between Pseudanapaea and it's not possible to assume id based on location.
P. transvestita example with no large white patches
S1: Male, profile
S1: Male, dorsal
S1: Male, anterior
S2: Male, Antenna
S2: Male, clear wings
S2: Male, body
S2: Male, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Forester Moth
:Zygaenoidea Zygaenidae
Mainland Forester
Hestiochora continentalis


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Axel Kallies for confirming the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line: A medium sized, spectacular moth. There are a few in this genera, but the orange head and location suggest H. continentalis; indicating it's restricted to the mainland (not Tasmania). It's a very rare moth with very few records.
The female we found was ~7mm long, wingspan ~20mm.
It has dark brown wings (fore & hind), a blue/black body with cream & white stripes. While the top of the head is orange, along with an orange collar, the face is black.
The wings readily loose scales, making them become transparent with age. This can be seen here on the hind wings. It has smale white tufts above & below the "shoulders" (wing joins).
Female: dorsal
Female: profile
🔍Female: Head & Antennae
Female: Anterior
Female: Translucent Hindwing
Female: Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Forester Moth
:Zygaenoidea Zygaenidae
Wasp Mimicking Forester
Myrtartona rufiventris


iNaturalist
Na
e m
Thank you Axel Kallies for confirming the id of this species for us

1st Live Photo's on-line:These are also the 1st ever (dead or alive) female photo's of this species on-line, as well as the 1st ventral photo's of this species on-line.
~9mm long & ~21mm wingspan. Male antennae are bipectinate, while females are filiform.
The top of the body is orange, which is very visible in flight. This, plus the long visible antennae, make them look very much like a wasp to the naked eye.
Black/brown matt wings (unlike it's cousin the Green Forester) with white flecks (and can have a white spot on each wing, but we haven't seen this).
They are white underneath, with the male having black stripes and the female having black & brown patches.
They love our M. lanceolata bushes. Apparantly the caterpillers eat them, so the adults are attracted to them at mating time (December in our area).
A quick note: These specimens are alive, just cold from being put in the fridge to calm down, and were released and flew away within the hour.
We have photographed 8 specimens in Mid December.
S2, Male, dorsal
S2, Male, profile
🔍S8, Male, profile
S2, Male, orange abdomen
S2, Male, orange abdomen
S2, Male, ventral
🔍S1, Female, dorsal
S1, Female, profile
S1, Female, orange abdomen
S1, Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Forester Moth
:Zygaenoidea Zygaenidae
Satin-green Forester
Pollanisus sp


iNaturalist
Na
m a f
Thank you David Muirhead & Bianca Giles for confirming the id of this species for us

~11mm long.
An incredibly shiny, metallic moth. Almost every surface is reflective, with a base colour of green, but depending on lighting and reflection/refraction can look any array of colours; from black, blue through green & copper.
The hindwing is a non-metallic plain brown.
The different specimens here highlight the colour variations which is not gender specific.
The female does have a non metallic, golden tuft on the tip of her abdomen.
It's very hard to differentiate the male & female from the antennae. While they are dramatically different the male tends to hold the filaments close to the core making them look very similar most of the time. Where as the gold tip on the female can be readily seen from side angles.
There are two species in this genus that can be easily confused; P. apicalis, which is generally smaller, & P. viridipulverulenta. Peter Marriott said that size is not a good separator of species indicating there are some very small P. viridipulverulenta. He said "Comparing the set specimens of apicalis and viridipulverulenta the wing shape is significant. P. apicalis has narrower wings in comparison to P. viridipulverulenta."
As Peter also said, camera angle, etc, can make this difficult to distinguish. Note that the male shown here (S2) is a single specimen; showing a variety of apparantly different wing shapes & colours.
Having looked at the specimens on Bold we don't have a good enough eye to differentiate, so have lifted our id to genus.
We have photographed 8 specimens (2 female) in Oct & Nov.
S2, Male, dorsal, natural colour
S2, Male, dorsal
S2, Male, Body & partial Hindwing
S2, Male, Head, dorsal
S2, Male, Palps & Antenna
S2, Male, Antenna, under
🔍S2, Male, anterior
S2, Male, ventral
S3, Female, dorsal
🔍S3, Female, dorsal
S3, Female, profile
S3, Female, head
S3, Female, ventral
S3, Female, ventral
🔍S5, Male, Antennae
🔍S8, Male, Antennae
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Skippers
Hesperioidea: Hesperiidae
Mottled Grass-skipper
Anisynta cynone ssp cynone


iNaturalist
V
e m
Other Common NameCynone Skipper

Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† & Matt Endacott for confirming the id of this species for us
 
🔍Underwing
Head
🔍Upperwing
Iridescence
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Skippers
Hesperioidea: Hesperiidae
Southern Grass-dart
Ocybadistes walkeri


iNaturalist
L
a
Other Common NamesGreenish Dart or Greenish Grass-dart

Thank you Terra Occ for confirming the id of this species for us
 
🔍Dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Skippers
Hesperioidea: Hesperiidae
Rare White-spot Rush-skipper
Trapezites luteus ssp luteus


iNaturalist
V
f
SynonymTrapezites lutea ssp lutea

Other Common NameRare White-spot Skipper

Thank you Matt Endacott for confirming the id of this species for us
 
🔍Dorsal
Anterior
Ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Gossamer-winged Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Lycaenidae
Rayed Blue
Candalides heathi


iNaturalist
R
e m a
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

The visibility of the veins on the inside colouring is very dependant on light angles.
Outside
Inside
Inside
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Gossamer-winged Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Lycaenidae
Icilius Hairstreak
Jalmenus icilius


iNaturalist
R
e m
Other Common NamesAmethyst Hairstreak or Icilius Blue

Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us
 
🔍Wings, ventral
Dorsal
Body, profile
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Gossamer-winged Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Lycaenidae
Long-tailed Pea-blue
Lampides boeticus


iNaturalist
L
e m c
Thank you Matt Endacott for confirming the id of this species for us

~11mm long. Wingspan ~32mm. A little larger than Grass Blues.
We gave up hope of finding one of these many years ago. Then yesterday we saw a blue trapped in the shade house. Caught it to release it outside and realised what it was; very excited
Got some photo's to show you before releasing her.
As with all of the blues, the upper-wing blue colour varies in intensity (between individuals, locations, etc). Males have blue extending to, about, the edges of the wings, where as females are only blue to, about, the middle of the wing. This one is quite pale.
Interestingly, the tails mimick their antennae. Like the reniform stigma (eye spots in the wings), these are intended to trick predators into thinking their head is at the other end. A bird nip at their tail allows them to escape.
The "pea" in the common name is because they favour legumes as a food source. And blue because the upper wing surfaces can be very blue. While this one is quite pale, you can still see the metalic blue scales scattered around, just not very many of them.
Notice the hairy eyes. We've seen this in flies before. Not sure what benefit this has. Prof' Ian Gibbins said "The hairy eyes are almost certainly mechanoreceptors that would alert the insect to potential obstacles that it can't see for some reason eg out of visual wavelength range? The other possibility is that they are air-movement detectors and used for precise control of orientation during flight." Fascinating!
Found one in Sept.
🔍Female: Dorsal
🔍Female: Profile, wings up
🔍Female: Profile, wings down
🔍Female: Long Tail
🔍Female: Antennae & Hairy Eye
🔍Female: Colour Scales
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Gossamer-winged Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Lycaenidae
Two-spotted Line-blue
Nacaduba biocellata


iNaturalist
C
e m
Other Common Names2-spotted Line-blue or Double-spotted Line Blue

Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† & Matt Endacott for confirming the id of this species for us

Looks very similar to the common grass-blue & pea-blue butterflies.
It is more brown with 2 distinctive spots on the rear wings.
Notice the spots can be different shapes. Possibly camera angle, but will also vary depending on how stretched the wing is.
S2: Topside, damaged specimen
S2: Underside
S3: Topside
S4: Underside, brown edge
S5: Underside
S6: Different Shaped Spots
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Gossamer-winged Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Lycaenidae
Wattle Blue
Theclinesthes miskini ssp miskini
C
e m
 
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Gossamer-winged Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Lycaenidae
Saltbush Blue
Theclinesthes serpentatus


iNaturalist
C
e m r
SynonymTheclinesthes serpentata

Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† & Terra Occ for confirming the id of this species for us

These small blue (Gossamer-winged) butterflies can be hard to separate out.
These are probably one of the few that can be by just seeing the upper surface of their wings, in South Australia. The white chequered edges being characteristic of these.
The under surface of their wings can be grey to brown as shown here.
Underside - grey
Underside - brown
Topside
Rear
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Gossamer-winged Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Lycaenidae
Grass-blue
Zizina otis ssp labradus


iNaturalist
C
e m a
SynonymsZizina labradus or Zizina otis

Other Common NameCommon Grass-blue

Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III† for confirming the id of this species for us

There seems to be some disagreement over the binomial name with these. Our naming comes from Atlas of Living Australia, a federal government web site that publishes the names of all Australian creatures, along with sightings, etc.
🔍Topside wings
Partial Profile
Veins
Underside
From Adelaide Hills
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Brown Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Nymphalidae
Australian Wanderer
Danaus petilia


iNaturalist
L
e m r
Other Common NameLesser Wanderer

Thank you Matt Endacott for confirming the id of this species for us

One of the more beautiful butterflies in South Australia.
Large and graceful
Body is black with white polka dots.
The wings have gentle brown tones, ending in stark black and white edges.
Male, Tail Pincers / Forceps
🔍Male, Tail Pincers / Forceps Retracted
Male, Underwing, Forewings Extended
🔍Male, Underwing, Forewings Retracted
🔍Male, "Sex Mark"
Male, Head, dorsal
Male, Head & Feet, profile
🔍Female, Underwing, Forewings Extended
🔍Female, Forewings, Released
🔍Female, White Mark, Hindwing Costa
🔍Female, Body, profile
🔍Female, Body, profile, closer
🔍Female, Body, dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Brown Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Nymphalidae
Foreign Wanderer
Danaus plexippus


iNaturalist
If
e m a
Other Common NamesMonarch or Wanderer

Thank you Alan Melville for confirming the id of this species for us

While this butterfly comes from the Americas. It's only food source is the introduced Milkweed.
There is some discussion if it arrives under it's own steam to the Eastcoast of Australia. Even so, it wouldn't be able to propogate without the weed. Regardless, it's not native to SA.
Male, dorsal
Male, underwing
Male, Sex Marks
Male, Head
Female, dorsal
Female, underwings
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Brown Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Nymphalidae
Klug's Xenica
Geitoneura klugii
Na
a
Other Common NameMarbled Xenica

Similar Species: Black-rimmed Brown (Heteronympha merope) : Orange-spotted Sun Moth (Synemon parthenoides ssp parthenoides)
While generally females are paler (particularly the dark patch under the forewing), this is not a reliable diagnostic feature. However, the males have an additional band on their upper forewings which is absent in females. This "sex band" can appear silver in the right lighting conditions.
Female, Wings, upper
🔍Female, Wings, under
Male, Wings, upper
Male, Silver 'sex band'
Male, Hindwing, under
Male, Forewing, under
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Brown Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Nymphalidae
Black-rimmed Brown
Heteronympha merope


iNaturalist
C
e m a f
Other Common NameCommon Brown

Similar Species: Klug's Xenica (Geitoneura klugii)
Thank you Alan Melville & Matt Endacott for confirming the id of this species for us

While we've photographed some 41 specimens, we have only managed to measure 2. A male at ~17mm body length & ~60mm wingspan. Females are considerably larger at ~17mm body length & ~80mm wingspan.
As can be seen the males & females look completely different and easily considered different species.
They also emerge at different times of the year; which doesn't make sense at first. The thinking is that only the strongest males are still alive to mate.
We've seen males in Nov, Dec & Jan; females in Jan, Feb, Mar & Apr. The larva was seen in early Nov.
Male: dorsal
🔍Male: Forewing, under
Male: Hindwing, under
Female: dorsal
Female: Forewing, under
Female: Hindwing, under
🔍Female: Hindwing, under
Larva: dorsal
Larva: ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Brown Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Nymphalidae
Meadow Argus
Junonia villida


iNaturalist
C
e m a
Thank you Matt Endacott for confirming the id of this species for us

Brown & orange butterfly with 4 trailing "eye" pattern on the wings.
Larva, profile
Larva, anterior
Larva, curled
Larva, ventral
🔍Adult
Adult
Underwings
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Brown Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Nymphalidae
Australian Admiral
Vanessa itea


iNaturalist
L
e m a c
Other Common NameYellow Admiral

Thank you IndraBone & Matt Endacott for confirming the id of this species for us

Brilliant blue eye on the forewings, with brown marbled rear wings.
Topside Wings
Topside Wings
Underside Wings
Underside Wings
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Brown Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Nymphalidae
Australian Painted Lady
Vanessa kershawi


iNaturalist
C
e m a
Thank you Thomas Mesaglio for confirming the id of this species for us

Medium sized butterfly with 3 blue and 1 black spots (eye mimics) on the rear (outer margin) of the hindwings.
An attractive array of orange, black & white patterns.
They have hairy eyes!
Various specimens are missing some of the black line on the hindwing forward of the black eye spot.
We found 2 specimens that had spurious white spot in the middle of orange patches. However, they are in different places to each other, and not on any others we've found. They look like some sort of invert (eg a white mite), but the spots are in identical places on each side of the wing.
Missing black hindwing line
Has the black hindwing line
White spot, middle orange patch
🔍White spot, inner orange patch
Old & worn
Damaged, can still fly
Under Wings
Forewings Retracted
Hairy Eyes
Anterior
Courting
Mating
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
Swallowtail Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Papilionidae
Dainty Swallowtail
Papilio anactus


iNaturalist
Na
a
Other Common NameSmall Dingy Swallowtail

Thank you Jo Jo Swann for confirming the id of this species for us
 
🔍Dorsal
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
White & Yellow Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Pieridae
Caper White
Belenois java ssp teutonia


iNaturalist
M
e m a
Thank you Prof Victor W Fazio III†, Thomas Mesaglio & Matt Endacott for confirming the id of this species for us

The males and females can be separated by a black 'apical' mark on the forewings that can be seen on either side. It's like a sex mark/band seen in other butterflies. Unusually, here, it is thicker in the female and thinner in the male.
The images on wiki have the sex the wrong way around. In dark form females this mark joins with the thick outer wing band to become non-distinct.
The amount of yellowing isn't gender related.
Thanks to Matt Endacott on iNaturalist for picking up our gender errors
Female, white body
Female, dark body
Female, yellow on forewing
Female, yellow on forewing
Male, no yellow on forewing
Male, few black stripes
Female, Topside, 'dark form'
Female, ventral
Butterflies & Moths
Lepidoptera
White & Yellow Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Pieridae
Red-spotted Jezebel
Delias aganippe


iNaturalist
R
e m
Other Common NameWood White

Thank you Thomas Mesaglio for confirming the id of this species for us

The female we caught was ~25mm long with ~75mm wingspan.
A brightly coloured butterfly with red, yellow and white splashes on black.
One of the most spectacular inverts we've seen.
Did someone loose their 1970's kitchen curtains?

Allen Sundholm said "Freshly emerged !"
🔍Male
🔍Female, dorsal
🔍Female, profile, Released
🔍Female, profile
🔍Female, Under Forewing