Ellura Sanctuary, Swan Reach, SA, 5354
                      
 
Stat'
Notes
Thumbnails: 67.   16 native species (1 introduced) listed, with 11 natives (0 introduced) from Ellura
Plants (Plantae) - Mosses & Liverworts (Bryophyta) - Mosses (Bryopsida) - Mosses (Bartramiales); 1 species, none from Ellura - Moss (Bartramiaceae); 1 species, none from Ellura
Starry Lime Moss
Breutelia affinis
Na
a
Imaged 3 in Aug(1), Sep(1) & Oct(1)
Patch
Small Head
Large Head, <3mm
Plants (Plantae) - Mosses & Liverworts (Bryophyta) - Mosses (Bryopsida) - Mosses (Bryales); 1 species from Ellura - Moss (Bryaceae); 1 species from Ellura
Clear Green Moss
Rosulabryum billardieri
Na
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A spore capsule is called a "Sporangium", plural is "Sporangia"
Imaged 7 in Jun(1), Jul(3) & Sep(3)
🔍Head, <5mm
Patch
Colour Variation
Patch with Sporangia
Current Sporangia
Old Sporangia
Plants (Plantae) - Mosses & Liverworts (Bryophyta) - Mosses (Bryopsida) - Mosses (Dicranales); 1 species, none from Ellura - Moss (Dicranaceae); 1 species, none from Ellura
Blunt-sporangium Moss
Dicranaceae sp ES01


iNaturalist
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Thank you Andrew Thornhill for identifying this species for us

We originally thought this was a type of Grimmia sp
Imaged 1 in May
🔍Above
🔍Profile
Plants (Plantae) - Mosses & Liverworts (Bryophyta) - Mosses (Bryopsida) - Cord Mosses (Funariales); 1 species from Ellura - Cord Moss (Funariaceae); 1 species from Ellura
Slender Dunking Ducks
Entosthodon subnudus var gracilis


iNaturalist
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Similar Species: Onion Moss (Gigaspermum repens)
Thank you János Vörösbaranyi for identifying this species for us

~1mm wide at the base.
We originally thought these were the same as Onion Moss (Gigaspermum repens). But that species doesn't have the sporangia on stalks, which are clearly seen here.
Looking at great lengths one can see the leaves are very slightly different.
Imaged 1Fr in Jul
🔍Base, profile
🔍Whole, profile
🔍Almost Mature Sporangium
🔍Immature Sporangium Sheath
Plants (Plantae) - Mosses & Liverworts (Bryophyta) - Mosses (Bryopsida) - Stalkless Mosses (Gigaspermales); 1 species from Ellura - Stalkless Moss (Gigaspermaceae); 1 species from Ellura
Onion Moss
Gigaspermum repens


iNaturalist
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Similar Species: Slender Dunking Ducks (Entosthodon subnudus var gracilis)
Thank you Alan Dandie for identifying this species for us

~1mm wide at the base.
These do not have their sporagia on a stalk, very unique.
Imaged 2 in Jul(1) & Aug(1)
🔍Young, Dorsal & Size
🔍Young, Close Up
Plants (Plantae) - Mosses & Liverworts (Bryophyta) - Mosses (Bryopsida) - Dense Leaved Mosses (Grimmiales); 1 species from Ellura - Rock Moss (Grimmiaceae); 1 species from Ellura
Grassy Knoll Moss
Grimmia pulvinata


iNaturalist
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Other Common NameGrey-cushioned Grimmia

Thank you Alan Dandie for identifying and Andrew Thornhill for confirming the id of this species for us

Alan said "Capsules inverted amongst the leaves"
Imaged 8 in Feb(1), Jun(1), Jul(2), Aug(2), Sep(1) & Nov(1)
🔍Above, perspective
🔍Sporangia
🔍Confusing
🔍Typical Eye view on Rocks
🔍Dried up
Plants (Plantae) - Mosses & Liverworts (Bryophyta) - Mosses (Bryopsida) - Mosses (Hypnales); 1 species, none from Ellura - Moss (Hypnaceae); 1 species, none from Ellura
Fern Moss
Hypnum cupress ssp cupress
Na
a
Imaged 5 in Apr(1), May(2), Aug(1) & Sep(1)
Unentangled
Close up
Drying
Plants (Plantae) - Mosses & Liverworts (Bryophyta) - Mosses (Bryopsida) - Mosses (Pottiales); 1 species from Ellura - Moss (Pottiaceae); 1 species from Ellura
Reddish-leaved Moss
Syntrichia antarctica


iNaturalist
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Thank you Alan Dandie for identifying and Andrew Thornhill for confirming the id of this species for us

Alan said "From Mosses of Dry Forests, by Read and Slattery, 'robust, strap-shaped leaves have a rounded tip with a long, whitish toothed hairpoint.....the nerve is usually a distinct reddish brown. The long cylindrical capsules sit erect on reddish stalks. The lid is long and conical...' Matches your observation to a T."
Imaged 16(2Fr) in Jun(4), Jul(9:2Fr), Aug(1) & Sep(2)
🔍Whole
🔍Closer
🔍Sporangia
🔍"Leaves"
Plants (Plantae) - Mosses & Liverworts (Bryophyta) - Juniper Mosses (Polytrichopsida) - Mosses (Polytrichales); 1 species, none from Ellura - Moss (Polytrichaceae); 1 species, none from Ellura
Juniper Moss
Polytrichum juniperinum
Na
a
Imaged 10(2Fr) in Feb(1Fr), May(1), Jul(1), Aug(3), Sep(1), Oct(1Fr), Nov(1) & Dec(1)
Female
Female
Male
Male
Male
Male
Male
Young
Sporangium
Sporangium
Sporangium
Sporangia
Plants (Plantae) - Liverworts (Marchantiophyta) - Leafy Liverworts (Jungermanniopsida) - Leafy Liverworts (Fossombroniales); 1 species from Ellura - Leafy Liverwort (Fossombroniaceae); 1 species from Ellura
Leafy Liverwort
Fossombronia pusilla
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Imaged 2 in May(1) & Aug(1)
In fruit
~10-15mm each
Perspective
Plants (Plantae) - Liverworts (Marchantiophyta) - Leafy Liverworts (Jungermanniopsida) - Leafy Liverworts (Jungermanniales); 1 species, none from Ellura - Leafy Liverwort (Lophocoleaceae); 1 species, none from Ellura
Flat Fern Liverwort
Chiloscyphus semiteres
Na
a
SynonymsJungermannia semiteres or Lophocolea semiteres

Thank you Michal Dutkiewicz for identifying this species for us

Imaged 2 in May(1) & Aug(1)
Plants (Plantae) - Liverworts (Marchantiophyta) - Liverworts (Marchantiopsida) - Crescent Liverworts (Lunulariales); 1 species, none from Ellura - Crescent Liverwort (Lunulariaceae); 1 species, none from Ellura
Crescent-cup Liverwort
Lunularia cruciata


iNaturalist
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Thank you Dr Guido Brusa for confirming the id of this species for us

The Gemma here look like spores capsules in other life forms, with the cups looking like fruiting bodies.
However, the Gemma are actually parts of the plant that disperse (similarly to seed & spores) and take root. Instead of being wind blown, these are dispersed by raindrops hitting the cup.
The big difference is these are not produce sexually, but more a broken off part of the plant. Thinking of it as a plant that has suckered from roots. The new plant becomes independant of the original, but is a clone of the original.
Imaged 3 in May(1) & Sep(2)
🔍Whole
Gemma
Whole
Gemma
Plants (Plantae) - Liverworts (Marchantiophyta) - Liverworts (Marchantiopsida) - Liverworts (Marchantiales); 5 species from Ellura - Liverwort (Aytoniaceae); 1 species from Ellura
Warty Liverwort
Asterella drummondii


iNaturalist
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Thank you Alan Dandie & Tony and Jenny Dominelli for identifying this species for us

We've recognised them from the Adelaide Hills with the caps on stalks shown here. But then we found them at Ellura with little balls on the "leaves" and thought they were Riccia limbata. But Riccia doesn't have fruit like this.
Imaged 7(3Fr) in Feb(1), May(1), Jun(1), Jul(3:2Fr) & Sep(1Fr)
Patch
🔍Patch, Early Sporangia
🔍Close Up, Early Sporangia
🔍Early Stage Sporangia
🔍Sporangium, profile
🔍Sporangium Head, ~4mm
Sporangium
Plants (Plantae) - Liverworts (Marchantiophyta) - Liverworts (Marchantiopsida) - Liverworts (Marchantiales); 5 species from Ellura - Liverwort (Ricciaceae); 4 species from Ellura
Rusty-based Crystalwort
Riccia inflexa


iNaturalist
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Thank you Em Lamond & Tony and Jenny Dominelli for confirming the id of this species for us

Imaged 1 in Jul
🔍Close up
🔍Patch
Thallose Crystalwort
Riccia lamellosa


iNaturalist
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Other Common NameThallose Liverwort

Thank you Em Lamond & Tony and Jenny Dominelli for confirming the id of this species for us

Notice how much larger this one is (on the right of the comparison shot) compared to Spongy Crystalwort (Riccia spongiosula)
Imaged 2 in May(1) & Aug(1)
🔍Layered Edge
🔍Spongy Surface
🔍Comparison
Black-edged Crystalwort
Riccia limbata


iNaturalist
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SynonymRiccia lata

Thank you Jon Sago & Tony and Jenny Dominelli for confirming the id of this species for us

Imaged 6 in May(1), Jun(1), Jul(2), Aug(1) & Sep(1)
🔍Close Up
A Carpet
Spongy Crystalwort
Riccia spongiosula


iNaturalist
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Thank you Em Lamond & Tony and Jenny Dominelli for confirming the id of this species for us

Imaged 7 in Mar(1), May(2), Jul(2) & Aug(2)
🔍Spongy Surface
🔍Colour Variation
🔍Patch Size
🔍Finished

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