Ellura Sanctuary, Swan Reach, SA, 5354
    
TERMITES are on the Cockroach Page • It's possible 20 different species can look identical (needing dissection to differentiate); as such many id's here don't go to species level
Stat'NotesThumbnails: 974.   217 native species listed, with 180 from Ellura
Animals (Animalia) - Jointed Legs (Arthropoda) - Insects (Insecta)
Flies
Diptera
Flower-loving Fly
Apioceridae
Flower-loving Fly
Apiocera maxima ?
Na
em
Found this big fly being torn apart by tiny ants while it was still alive. We rescued it to ease it's suffering. Thought it was a fat robber fly. Took photo's of it and started to wonder if it was a fly at all. Couldn't see it's halteres anywhere, and realised the ants had already ripped them off. It was clear an antenna was also missing, as well as a lot of the mouth parts. Our specimen is a bit dusty from lying upside down in the dirt.
Dorsal
Profile
Ocelli
Wing Venation
Abdomen, ventral
Thorax & mouth, under
Ventral, ~25mm
Flies
Diptera
Flower-loving Fly
Apioceridae
Flower-loving Fly
Apiocera sp
Na
em
We are not sure if this a totally different species as our other find, or the same species but different gender. It seems such a coincidence to find two within 12 hours of each other.
Flies
Diptera
Robber Fly
Asilidae
Short-winged Robber Fly
Bathypogon sp ES1
Na
em
 
Flies
Diptera
Robber Fly
Asilidae
Hairy Short-winged Robber Fly
Bathypogon sp ES2
Na
ema
 
Flies
Diptera
Robber Fly
Asilidae
Yellow Slender Robber Fly
Cerdistus sp ES1
Na
ema
 
Profile
Flies
Diptera
Robber Fly
Asilidae
Black Slender Robber Fly
Cerdistus sp ES2
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Profile
Flies
Diptera
Robber Fly
Asilidae
Orange-backed Robberfly
Mauropteron pelago
Na
em
The male was ~29mm long.
The genders can be differentiated by the male have a bulbous clasp at the end of it's "tail". The female has a thin posterior on the abdomen.
The orange back is surprisingly difficult to see.
Obvious in flight if it's below you, or when it's cleaning itself

We found 5 specimens to date (2 females & 3 males), in Dec & Jan.
Female: feeding
Female: dorsal
Male: dorsal
Male: profile
Male: Face
Male: Orange Back
Male: ventral
Flies
Diptera
Robber Fly
Asilidae
Big Red
Neoaratus hercules
Na
a
Male ~40mm long, while the female was a little shorter at ~35mm.
The male is easy to identify based on size & wing shape. The female doesn't have the bulbous mid wing of the male, but we assume it's the same species based on other features & the fact this male is the only robberfly that comes to this size in the area.
Usually the mouth part/proboscis looks thick and we couldn't understand how it pierced it's prey. But here you can see it's somewhat telescopic. It retracts the sharpest point most of the time, but it's extended here.
We've found 4 males in Nov, Jan & Feb. One female in Jan.
Male, dorsal, ~40mm
Male, profile
Male, wing venation
Male, proboscis
Male, foot
Male, haltere
Male, anterior
Male, antenna
Male Genetalia, dorsal
Male Genetalia, profile
Male Head, close up
Male Thorax, close up
Male, ventral
Female: dorsal
Female: profile
Female: Wing Venation
Flies
Diptera
Robber Fly
Asilidae
Robber Fly
Neoscleropogon sp
Na
em
 
Flies
Diptera
Robber Fly
Asilidae
Giant Robber Fly
Phellus olgae
Na
m
 
Whole
Head
Flies
Diptera
Orange Fly
Bibionidae
Compost Fly
Bibio imitator
Na
a
Other Common NameGarden Maggot
 
Female
Male
Size, ventral, Male starting to twist
Male twisting more
And more
It's like a Bugs Bunny cartoon
He's got her clamped
Wings
Female, ventral
Male, halteres & wings
Male, head & large eyes
Flies
Diptera
Bee Fly
Bombyliidae
3 Spotted Black Bee Fly
Anthrax cf incomptus
Na
em
Thank you Dr Chris Lambkin for identifying this species for us

About 11mm long. We thought this was Anthrax torulus, as the wing patterns were a match, but Tony D said "While wing markings here are very similar to that species, the abdomen dorsally is said to have no white hairs/scales beyond the first visible tergite."

We were very lucky that Chris saw this yesterday and suggested the species possibility
Flies
Diptera
Bee Fly
Bombyliidae
Black Bee Fly
Anthrax maculatus
Na
c
 
Flies
Diptera
Bee Fly
Bombyliidae
Pointed Bee Fly
Australiphthiria sp ES1
Na
emr
We thought these two were different species (they still may be) but saw an photo on-line of two breeding and the males don't have the yellow back. The male also has eyes closer together than the female (quite typical of flies).
Male: dorsal
Female: dorsal
Flies
Diptera
Bee Fly
Bombyliidae
Bee Fly
Balaana cf sp ES1
Na
em
Thank you Dr Chris Lambkin for identifying this species for us

We thought this was a Ligyra sp, but Chris said it is possible but may be Balaana or one of the other Exoprosopini. With the lower level quality of this photo, and not being able to clearly see the wing venation, it won't be possible to be sure; until we get more detailed shots

One specimen found in January.
Dorsal
Flies
Diptera
Bee Fly
Bombyliidae
Balaana Bee Fly
Balaana gigantea
Na
em
Other Common NameBalaana Beefly
 
Back
Flies
Diptera
Bee Fly
Bombyliidae
Black Bee Fly
Bombyliidae sp ES1
Na
m
 
Flies
Diptera
Bee Fly
Bombyliidae
Brown Bee Fly
Bombyliidae sp ES2
Na
em
The wing venation leads to Bombyliidae. Very unusual with white face and green eyes.
Flies
Diptera
Bee Fly
Bombyliidae
White-tipped Bee Fly
Comptosia cf calignea
Na
r
A medium sized fly with white wing tips and a black, hairy, elongated body.
Dorsal
Posterior
Flies
Diptera
Bee Fly
Bombyliidae
Go-striped Bee Fly
Comptosia heliophila
Na
r
~15mm body length. As with most Comptosia, these have white wing tips, with the wing veins surrounded by shadow colour.
The body stripes are not always as strong as shown here.
The eyes are indented/emarginate at the rear.
There were a large number of them feeding on a Sugarwood flowers, along with many other insects.
S1: dorsal
S3: profile
S3: profile, closer
S2: Feeding on Sugarwood
S3: anterior
S3: Head
S3: ventral
Flies
Diptera
Bee Fly
Bombyliidae
Large Banded Bee Fly
Ligyra cingulata
Na
em
Thank you Graeme Cocks for helping with the identification of this species

Thank you Tony Daley for helping with the identification of this species

Thank you Dr Chris Lambkin for confirming the identification of this species

Chris said "variation of colour may be because of different environmental conditions under which the immatures develop, so that darker patterns result from colder developmental conditions" and she suspects this is "a newly emerged specimen"
Two specimens found in January.
Flies
Diptera
Bee Fly
Bombyliidae
Bee Fly
Munjua cf paralutea
Na
em
Thank you Dr Chris Lambkin for identifying this species for us

We thought this was a Ligyra sp, but Chris said it is possible but may be Munjua paralutea. With the lower level quality of these photo's, and not being able to clearly see the wing venation, it won't be possible to be sure; until we get more detailed shots

We'll be keeping a keen eye out for this one now as it's only got records on Atlas for WA. It'll be nice to put SA on the map for this species, with diagnostic photo's.
Chris said she had records of "6 specimens of Munjua paralutea from SA. And many more from NT NSW Qld and WA. It's just that there are not many live photos of this beast, and those that have been identified even less."
One specimen found in January.
Dorsal
Profile
Flies
Diptera
Bee Fly
Bombyliidae
Small Fluffy Bee Fly
Myonema sp
Na
r
~6mm long with green eyes.
It has 2 white tufts on the sides of the abdomen which aren't showing clearly against the white background. But with the naked eye contrast strongly against the black hair on the abdomen.
It's thorax is covered in fine orange hairs, with a black body.
Oh, and who could miss that huge proboscis
Dorsal
Profile
White Body Tufts
Antennae
Anterior
Posterior
Ventral
Flies
Diptera
Bee Fly
Bombyliidae
Chequered-margin Bee Fly
Oncodosia patula
Na
r
A big fly at ~17mm long.
Striped, wide bodied with pale wing tips normally associated with Comptosia sp.
We managed to capture a couple of these on a one week project in the Riverland.
They had slight differences, but it's clear the hair on the body wears easily. You can see the "Chequered-margin" (hairs around the abdomen), as well as an abdominal stripe in specimen one, but not specimen 2. However, on S1 they are worn on one side, but clear on the other.
S2: dorsal
S2: profile
S1: Emarginate Eye
S2: Face
S2: Proboscis
S2: Wing Venation
S1: Pale Wing Tips
S1: worn margins on one side
S2: Released
S1: ventral
Flies
Diptera
Bee Fly
Bombyliidae
Western False-widow Bee Fly
Pseudopenthes hesperis?
Na
em
~10mm long, ~20mm wingspan.
A very interesting bee fly. It has scales on it's abdomen, like moths & butterflies.
It's thorax has a red tinge to it.
Primarily black with white patches on the abdomen & light brown edging to the thorax.
The wing colouring is quite distinctive, and diagnostic; primarily dark with light patches as shown in the photo's.
In profile it's face is shaped like a Nose Fly, protruding forward considerably.
Like some other flies, it has a line separating the top and bottom half of the eye; it's not always discernable needing the right angle to see it.
When discussing our find Chris Lambkin said differentiating "P. hesperis and P. fenestrata is very difficult - generally P. hesperis wing is darker basally near the body, but also the genitalia are different and also the genae (cheeks) are yellow. Of course telling the latter 2 characters from photos is hard if not impossible."
Based on location, P. hesperis is more Westerly, while P. fenestrata is known from SA over to the Eastern seaboard.
Dorsal
Profile
Wing Venation
Thorax Scales, dorsal
Thorax Scales, profile
Eye line + Red Thorax Tinge
Short Antenna
Nose
Ventral
Flies
Diptera
Bee Fly
Bombyliidae
Yellow and Black Bee Fly
Pygocona sp ES1
Na
em
~5mm long. The long proboscis is to feed on nectar, not bite people

One specimen found in Feb.
Dorsal
Anterior + Wing Venation
Ventral
Flies
Diptera
Bee Fly
Bombyliidae
Bee Fly
Staurostichus sp ES1
Na
em
These look similar to Systoechus sp, but have a different wing venation.
Flies
Diptera
Bee Fly
Bombyliidae
Villa Bee Fly
Villa sp ES1
Na
ema
 
Back
Profile
Ventral
Flying, Profile
Flying, Back
Flies
Diptera
Bee Fly
Bombyliidae
Brown-winged Villa Bee Fly
Villa sp ES2
Na
em
We've heard that some insects can have different wing venation on each wing.
This is the first time we've photographed a species and seen it for ourselvs. Note the spike on the right is missing on the left.
This is probably an individual variation.
Thank you to Chris Lambkin for telling us:
"The spike is called a spur-vein. In some cases in the Bombyliidae their presence can be diagnostic at the species or even the generic level (very common spur-vein at base of R2+3 in Anthrax), but usually not. Members of Brachyanax have no spur-veins at the base of vein R2+3 or vein R4."
It has always been our hope our web site would become a repository for this sort of information and helpful experts like Chris are making it happen
Female, dorsal, ~13mm
Female, profile
Female, outside
Male, dorsal
Male, profile
Male, wing venation
Flies
Diptera
Bee Fly
Bombyliidae
Dark-winged Villa Bee Fly
Villa sp ES3
Na
em
 
Flies
Diptera
Bee Fly
Bombyliidae
Large Headed Bee Fly
Villini sp
Na
em
Thank you Dr Chris Lambkin for identifying this species for us

Chris said "I'm pretty confident with Villini. As to whether it is Villa or Exechohypopion is much more difficult without microscopic examination of the antennal segments especially whether it lacks a separate stylar segment between segment III and the style, and has smooth fore tibiae ie without spines, only fine erect hairs."
Unfortunately we didn't get a close up look of it's face, so moved this one up from Exechohypopion sp to Villini sp (ie tribe rather than genus) level. Hopefully we can catch one and get better diagnostic shots.
One specimen found in February.
Dorsal + Wing Venation
Flies
Diptera
Bee Fly
Bombyliidae
Petite Bee Fly
Zaclava sp
Na
emr
Looking like a dancing fly, the bulbous legs don't match. The wing venation is also typically Bee Fly (with the veins swirling outwards). Found on Ellura in Olearia magniflora & in the Riverland attracted to Sugarwood.
In flight
Feeding in O. magniflora
Flies
Diptera
Blow Fly
Calliphoridae
Green Parasitic Blowfly
Amenia sp ES1
Na
em
You could easily be forgive for thinking this was a bee, as it scours the Melaleuca flowers. And it's quite timid so hard to get close enough to see details
We thought this was A. leonina but Tony Daley said, with our thanks, that while "A. leonina has pale yellow or golden postorbits", so does A. albomaculata. So we've lifted this to genus level.
Face
Back
Front
Profile
Rear
Flies
Diptera
Blow Fly
Calliphoridae
Maroon Parasitic Blowfly
Amenia sp ES2
Na
em
 
Female, dorsal, ~10mm
Female, profile
Female, anterior (cleaning eye)
Female, posterior
Female, wing venation
Female, ventral
Flies
Diptera
Blow Fly
Calliphoridae
Lesser Brown Blowfly
Calliphora augur
Na
ema
Other Common NameSmaller Yellow Golden Blowfly
 
Female, dorsal
Female, Abdomen
Female, ventral
Female, profile
Flies
Diptera
Blow Fly
Calliphoridae
Golden Blowfly
Calliphora hilli
Na
ema
Other Common NameHill's Brown Blowfly

Similar Species: Golden Blowfly
Thanks to Insects of Tasmania, C. hilli has 2 presutural acrostichal bristle pairs, where as C. stygia has 3.
Female
Flies
Diptera
Blow Fly
Calliphoridae
Golden Blowfly
Calliphora stygia
Na
ema
Similar Species: Golden Blowfly
Thanks to Insects of Tasmania, C. stygia has 3 presutural acrostichal bristle pairs, where as C. hilli has 2.
Male, dorsal
Male, diagnostic hair
Male, ugly face
Male, rear
Flies
Diptera
Blow Fly
Calliphoridae
Hairy Maggot Blowfly
Chrysomya rufifacies
Na
ema
Other Common NameBlow Fly

~9mm long. This looks similar to Australian Sheep Blowfly (Lucilia cuprina), but the abdomen is larger & the black bands too thick. The wing venation also has Sc & R1 joined here, where as in L. cuprina they are quite separate. There are a surprisingly large number of these metalic green blowfly species.
Female, dorsal
Female, dorsal
Female, profile
Female, profile
Female, Face
Female, ventral
Flies
Diptera
Gall Midge
Cecidomyiidae
Gall Midge
Cecidomyiidae cf sp ES1
Na
em

Reference Link
Flies
Diptera
Gall Midge
Cecidomyiidae
Red-necked Gall Gnat
Cecidomyiinae cf sp ES2
Na
em

Reference Link
Dorsal, ~4mm
Profile
Head & Shoulder
Posterior
Ventral
Flies
Diptera
Gall Midge
Cecidomyiidae
Red Gall Midge
Cecidomyiinae cf sp ES3
Na
em
Almost 2mm long
Reference Link
Profile
Anterior
Hairy Wings
Antennae
Hairy Body
Flies
Diptera
Biting Midge
Ceratopogonidae
Biting Midge
Ceratopogonidae sp
Na
a
Other Common NameSand Fly

These tiny little flies are on about 3mm long and superficially (naked eye) look black.
Like mozzies, you usually can't feel them bite. But afterwards the area swells up. It is said that people who live in the same habitat build up an immunity to them, but tourists get badly affected.
I squashed one biting me once and it made it 10 times worse. Basically squeezing irritants into the body.
Unlike mozzies, that have a straw like proboscis (like moths), these have 2 sharp "jaws" they dig in and stand up vertical to the skin sucking blood.
Dorsal, ~3mm
Anterior
Profile
2 x "Jaws"
Flies
Diptera
Phantom Midge
Chaoboridae
Phantom Midge
Chaoboridae sp
Na
em
 
Profile
Flies
Diptera
Midge
Chironomidae
Large Non-biting Midge
Chironominae sp
Na
em
~10mm long, ~30mm wingspan.
Male: dorsal
Male: profile
Male: Wing Venation
Male: feathery antennae
Male: head
Male: ventral
Flies
Diptera
Midge
Chironomidae
Non-biting Midge
Chironomus sp
Na
em
~9mm long, ~24mm wingspan.
Female: dorsal
Female: profile
Female: Wing Venation
Female: ventral
Flies
Diptera
Midge
Chironomidae
Non-biting Midge
Polypedilum sp
Na
em
Similar Species: Mosquito

Midges look a lot like Mosquitoes.
An easy differentiator is that, at rest, midges hold their front legs up, mozzies hold their rear legs up.
Depending on the photo, a more guaranteed identifier is that Midges have small mouths
Flies
Diptera
Mosquito
Culicidae
Mosquito
Aedes alboannulatus
Na
em
SynonymOchlerotatus alboannulatus

Other Common NameMozzie

Thank you Stephen Fricker for identifying this species for us

We originally had this id'ed as Ochlerotatus camptorhynchus but Stephen kindly let us know of our error and that Ochlerotatus is now Aedes. He said "easily confused with Ae. camptorhynchus the easiest feature to separate is the pre-apical band on the femur. I have pictures of the two species in our website gallery I also have a simple guide to mosquitoes available"
Female, head
Flies
Diptera
Mosquito
Culicidae
Mosquito
Aedes camptorhynchus
Na
em
SynonymOchlerotatus camptorhynchus

Other Common NameMozzie

Mosquitoes look a lot like Midges.
An easy differentiator is that, at rest, mozzies hold their rear legs up, midges hold their front legs up.
Depending on the photo, a more guaranteed identifier is that Mosquitoes have a very long mouths / proboscis (straw like appendage that males drink nectare from and females suck blood with).
The proboscis is made of two parts, a thin inner "straw" and an outer sheath. The sheath protects the actual proboscis. It can be seen in the feeding shot here.
Male
Female, whole
Female, wing venation
Female, feeding
Flies
Diptera
Mosquito
Culicidae
Mosquito
Aedes cf sp
Na
ema
SynonymOchlerotatus

Other Common NameMozzie

Similar Species: Non-biting Midge

Mosquitoes look a lot like Midges.
An easy differentiator is that, at rest, mozzies hold their rear legs up, midges hold their front legs up.
Depending on the photo, a more guaranteed identifier is that Mosquitoes have a very long mouths / proboscis (straw like appendage that males drink nectare from and females suck blood with)
Female, whole
Female, close
Flies
Diptera
Mosquito
Culicidae
Yellow-striped Mosquito
Culex globocoxitus
Na
em
Thank you Stephen Fricker for identifying this species for us

~4mm long. Notice the legs are not striped.
Note the hairy wing veins; this is common with mozzies & other small flies.
When we suggested this was a Southern House Mosquito (Culex quinquefasciatus), Stephen said "Although a bit out of season, the straight tergal bands, the light underside of the proboscis extending to at least the last quarter. Also, the upper folk vs base to folk lengths appear to be closer to 1:4 rather than 1:3 seen in quinks."
We found one specimen in Feb.
Female: dorsal
Female: profile
Female: Antenna
Female: Head
Female: Wing Venation
Flies
Diptera
Longlegged Fly
Dolichopodidae
Long Legged Fly
Heteropsilopus sp
Na
a
 
ES1
ES2
Flies
Diptera
Longlegged Fly
Dolichopodidae
Long Legged Fly
Hydrophorus cf praecox
Na
em
Similar Species: Water Floating Fly

Like all long legged flies, these are also metal, but it's not nearly so obvious as most.
It's difficult to know with such small insects what is a real colour and what is a camera artifact as they just look like a little blur with the naked eyes (with with mine anyway

Similar to our other water floating fly, which is a different family.
This one has a line of white hair through the bottom of it's eyes and two white stripes on it's back that are made up of *very* short white hair.
Dorsal
Dorsal
Profile, back hair
Profile, abdomen spots
Profile, eye & hair
Anterior
Posterior, venation
Flies
Diptera
Vinegar Fly
Drosophilidae
Vinegar Fly
Drosophila sp
Na
em
 
Dorsal, ~2.5mm
Profile
Being Parasitised
Flies
Diptera
Shore Fly
Ephydridae
Water Floating Fly
Brachydeutera sydneyensis
Na
ema
Similar Species: Long Legged Fly

Small light brown & white fly regularly seen floating on water. They float there lapping up water with their elongated mouths at a very rapid rate; so getting 2 drinking at once was pure luck. Took so many photo's to get one with the mouth actually touching the water and in reasonable focus. They are so light they can float on 4 legs while using the front, or rear, pair to clean themselves.
Profile, ~4mm
Anterior
Legs used as Rafts
Tiny Hairs on back
Head & Facial Hair
Drinking in unison
Close up on mouth
Mouth lapping water
Flies
Diptera
Gall Fly
Fergusoninidae
Gall Inducing Fly
Fergusoninidae sp
Na
m
 
Flies
Diptera
Toadstool Fly
Heteomyzidae
Toadstool Fly
Tapeigaster sp
Na
a
 
Flies
Diptera
Lauxaniid Fly
Lauxaniidae
Red Eyed Lauxaniid Fly
Ceratolauxania sp
Na
ema
 
Dorsal & Wing venation
Head
Anterior
Flies
Diptera
Lauxaniid Fly
Lauxaniidae
Orange Lauxaniid Fly
Homoneura cf valida
Na
em
 
Flies
Diptera
Lauxaniid Fly
Lauxaniidae
Metalic Green Tomato Fly
Lamprolonchaea cf brouniana
Na
em
 
Female, dorsal, ~3mm
Female, dorsal
Female, profile
Female, Wing + Ovipositor
Female, Back Hairs
Female, anterior
Female, ventral
Flies
Diptera
Lauxaniid Fly
Lauxaniidae
Bent Lauxaniid Fly
Steganopsis melanogaster
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Under
Flies
Diptera
Small Crane Fly
Limoniidae
Short-palped Crane Fly
Symplecta pilipes
Na
em
The big visual difference between Crane flies & Scorpion flies is that Scorpion flies (Order Mecoptera) have 4 wings and are not true flies.
Crane flies are true flies which all have 2 wings and 2 clubs (halteres). Due to their slender bodies the Crane fly halteres are much easier to see than with many other fly species.
Whole
Body
Head
Flies
Diptera
Bush Fly
Muscidae
Helina Fly
Helina addita
Na
ema
 
Whole
Wing Venation
Flies
Diptera
Bush Fly
Muscidae
Helina Fly
Helina cf tasmaniensis
Na
a
 
Whole
Wing Venation
Anterior
Flies
Diptera
Bush Fly
Muscidae
Bush Fly
Pygophora sp
Na
a
 
Profile + Body hair
Anterior
Antenna
Anterior, under
Flies
Diptera
Midas Fly
Mydidae
Tiger Ichneumon Mimic
Miltinus cardinalis
Na
em
Similar Species: Tiger Ichneumon Wasp

Thank you Tony Daley for confirming the identification of this species

Thank you Liz O'Donnell for helping with the identification of this species

Looks closest to Miltinus cardinalis but not confident to even put it to genus as this stage. There aren't many live specimens to compare against.
Tony D just identified it as Miltinus cardinalis, many thanks Tony
Flies
Diptera
Bot Fly
Oestridae
Sheep Nasal Bot Fly
Oestrus ovis
If
em
 
Dorsal
Anterior
Flies
Diptera
Scuttle Fly
Phoridae
Scuttle Fly
Megaselia sp
Na
ema
A very small fly. At first it was hard to determine if it was even Diptera, with the hairy face hiding the usual small antennae of flies.
We suspect there are 3 different species here as they are different sizes & colours, but all with the striped body and pronounced hairy face.
S1: Halteres just visible
S2: Dorsal, ~2mm
S2: Profile
S2: Posterior
S3: Dorsal
Flies
Diptera
Smoke Fly
Platypezidae
Flat-footed Fly
Lindneromyia sp
Na
ema
 
Male
Female
Flies
Diptera
Picture-winged Fly
Platystomatidae
Boatman Fly
Pogonortalis doclea
Na
a
 
Flies
Diptera
Picture-winged Fly
Platystomatidae
Signal Fly
Rivellia sp
Na
ema
About 4mm long, with a copper-ish metallic body and quite stumpy legs.
But those wings
Dorsal
Profile
Anterior
Flies
Diptera
Moth Fly
Psychodidae
Moth Fly
Psychodidae sp
Na
ema
Other Common NamesBathroom Fly, Drainfly, Drain Fly, Drain-fly, Mothfly, Moth-fly

Very hairy little fly. We thought it was a tiny moth, as do most people when they first see them we suspect. While transferring petrol these little tiny insects were attracted to the fumes. So was able to get a number of photo's of them. Unfortunately they then decided to land on the spilt fuel on the container and got stuck. But it gave a chance to measure their size; wingspan of about 6mm, body & head length about 2mm. They seemed white, but that's probably flash & shiny hairs. Notice in the overhead shot the hairs running along the wing veins. The body seems to have a few lateral stripes.
Profile, length ~2mm, wingspan ~6mm
Dorsal
Scaly Wings
Flies
Diptera
Pyrgotid Fly
Pyrgotidae
Large Scarab Fly
Cardiacera sp ES1
Na
em
Other Common NameLight Fly

A large fly with body about 16mm. These parasitise scarab beetles. Also called a Light Fly as they are nocturnal and come to night lights. Found nearly dead after a mothing night.
Very unusual wing venation.
Dorsal
Anterior
Wing Venation
Ventral
Flies
Diptera
Pyrgotid Fly
Pyrgotidae
Small Scarab Fly
Cardiacera sp ES2
Na
em
Other Common NameLight Fly

Thank you Tony Daley for identifying this species for us

About 10mm long. We found this one following our female Osa discovery and thought it was a male Osa sp. Tony said "I think this one is a different genus to your female Osa. The wings have the Sc vein almost bending at a right angle to meet the costa above, in Osa this vein doesn't bend so abruptly before meeting the costa. The particulars of the wing spots, especially also having three distinct spots along the pterostigma is typical (usually 2-3, but sometimes only one spot) of the species in Cardiacera with such spotted wings - they also typically have the pointy antennae."
Dorsal
Profile
Head, dorsal
Ventral
Flies
Diptera
Pyrgotid Fly
Pyrgotidae
Pale Scarab Fly
Cardiacera sp ES3
Na
em
Other Common NameLight Fly

~6mm long, ~15mm wingspan.
One specimen found in December.
Female: dorsal
Female: profile
Female: ventral
Flies
Diptera
Pyrgotid Fly
Pyrgotidae
Small Scarab Fly
Osa sp
Na
em
Other Common NameLight Fly

About 10mm long (excluding the ovipositor).
Had lots of them at the night light, along with many smaller beetles (assume scarab). You could well think that with the ovipositor it's a fruit fly. But no, a related family, Pyrgotidae, also called Light Flies as they come to night lights. Scarab flies because they parisitise scarab beetles. Very distinctive head shape, but couldn't get the wings veins very clearly. The body hair is diagnostic for this genus. Looking at Facilina sp, the hairs are tiny in comparison.
Dorsal
Profile
Ovipositor
Face
Ventral
Flies
Diptera
Nose Fly
Rhiniidae
Brown Nose Fly
Metallea incisuralis
Na
em
While both genders are ~8mm long, the male we measured was slightly smaller than the female. As with many fly species, the genders can be separated by the distance between the eyes; male eyes almost touching on top, female eyes well apart. Of course, genitalia has something to do with it, but that's harder to see in the field with flies

In the field they can be identified by a greenish gold velvet on their backs that wears in the middle showing a metalic bronze body.
The common name comes from the protruding lower part of the face, looking like a nose.
We photographed 4 specimens in Dec, Feb & March.
S1, Male: In the field
S3, Male: dorsal
S4, Female: dorsal
S3, Male: profile
S4, Female: profile
S3, Male: Face
S2, Female: Face
S3, Male: Wing Venation
S4, Female: Wing Venation
S3, Male: Setae
S3, Male: ventral
S4, Female: ventral
Flies
Diptera
Nose Fly
Rhiniidae
Nose Fly
Stomorhina sp ES1
Na
ema
 
Feeding
In Flight
Flies
Diptera
Nose Fly
Rhiniidae
Hovering Nose Fly
Stomorhina sp ES2
Na
ema
This is possibly S. discolor or S. pollinosa. It's not really possible to say until we get more detailed shots. Even then it may not be possible to get the level of detail required to see the diagnostics.
Hovering
Flies
Diptera
Flesh Fly
Sarcophagidae
Grey Flesh Fly
Sarcophaga aurifrons
Na
ema
 
Dorsal
Profile
Posterior
Flies
Diptera
Flesh Fly
Sarcophagidae
Small Foot Flesh Fly
Sarcophaga sp
Na
ema
 
Dorsal
Profile
Anterior
Flies
Diptera
Dark-winged Fungus Gnat
Sciaridae
Dark-winged Fungus Gnat
Sciaridae sp
Na
ema
 
Wings
Profile, ~3mm
Whole
Flies
Diptera
Black Scavenger Fly
Sepsidae
Ant Fly
Parapalaeosepsis plebeia
Na
a
 
Flies
Diptera
Soldier Fly
Stratiomyidae
Black Soldier Fly
Odontomyia sp ES1
Na
em
 
Flies
Diptera
Hover Fly
Syrphidae
Wasp-mimicking Hover Fly
Ceriana ornata
Ir
em
This is primarily a Qld species that invades bee hives. As we have no native bee hives in SA, we suspect they've travelled south using/breeding/surviving thru European bee hives. Andras Szito (WA DPIRD) said "I believe your suspicion is well founded. I am aware of (sometimes large scale) movement of used bee hives between the states. If some brought in some used, uncleaned hives with some dead combs in them from Qld where Ceriana is quite common then there is a high likelihood that there were viable Ceriana in it. I guess it is well adapted to European bee hives that contains a lot greater amount of honey than native bees." Thanks for your thoughts Andras


ergo It is also introduced.
Near Bee Hive
Dorsal
Profile
Anterior
Wing Venation
Ventral
Flies
Diptera
Hover Fly
Syrphidae
Native Drone Fly
Eristalinus punctulatus
Na
ema
 
Male: Front, In Flight
Male: Profile, In Flight
Flies
Diptera
Hover Fly
Syrphidae
Half-band Hover Fly
Melangyna viridiceps
Na
ema
 
Dorsal
Profile
In Flight
& Friends
Flies
Diptera
Hover Fly
Syrphidae
Yellow-shouldered Stout Hover Fly
Simosyrphus grandicornis
Na
ema
 
Abdomen
Wing
Halteres
Face
Flies
Diptera
Deer Fly
Tabanidae
March Fly
Dasybasis sp
Na
ema
Other Common NameHorse Fly

Oh my; they were really bad this year (end 2014). We couldn't walk 100m through the bush without being attacked.
Typically they appear in March (hence their name) but the favourable weather conditions (hot & dry winter) saw them out in spring.
They are a large and moderately attractive fly (if there is such a thing
, with gentle grey to brown strips.
The eyes on the male are touching, where as the females have a large gap, which is visible with the naked eye.
The females are the only ones that bite, feeding on the blood of animals (including humans). They lay in wait in a cool bush (senna, acacia, etc) waiting for prey to come past, then they pounce. Once they have your scent they won't leave you alone until they've fed (bitten you) or you've killed them.
Sorry, but anything that bites us isn't safe from us, even if it is native.
They are robust and we've hit them and they've fallen to the ground unconscious. They've then woken up and attacked again.
They have a preference for the back of your legs, but will bite through clothing on your back or rump (very painful for some reason).
While not as painful as a bee sting, it is as bad as an ant bite.
Long trousers & baggy clothes are the order of the day, with a good dose of personal insecticide to be safe.
While we can't be sure, it's possible the males buzz overhead, distracting you, while the females attack your legs. The fact they hide by biting you from behind suggests they have some understanding of where you are looking / facing. They rarely seem interested in arms, and walking fast seems to stop them biting (but not following; you have to stop at some point). So perhaps they don't like movement.
Male, dorsal
Male, front
Male, eye
Male, profile
Female
Flies
Diptera
Deer Fly
Tabanidae
Large Mud-nesting Wasp Mimicking Fly
Palimmecomyia pictipennis
Na
em
Similar Species: Large Mud-nesting Wasp

Thank you Tony Daley for identifying this species for us

Here's what Tony said: "What a great looking species, and wonderful record Brett! I'm fairly confident by their colouring and wing markings this is Palimmecomyia pictipennis ... they differ from the original description in only the abdominal dark band being slightly more extensive behind, though apparently these are rare so don't think many specimens have been collected, add to that only two females were examined and the male not known at the time of the description by Mackerras (1960)."
Mating
In flight
Flies
Diptera
Bristle Fly
Tachinidae
Gold-headed Blue Tachinid Fly
Cuphocera sp
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Profile
Rear
Flies
Diptera
Bristle Fly
Tachinidae
Black and White Giant Fly
Formosia speciosa
Na
em
This is one HUGE fly. While we're used to Robber flies being longer, they are thin. But this beast is rotund like a blow fly. Thankfully, it wasn't agressive.
It's hard to say if it's pure size is what it stand out so much, or the sharp contrast of the balck & white patterns on it's body. But stood out it did!
It's always been intrigueing to see the 3 jewels on the top of wasp heads. This is the first time we've seen them on a fly. On searching, they also appear on Hover flies. It seems that they are smaller, and so not visible on small or hairy flies.

AHHHH, finally found out. The "3 jewels" as we call them are actually simple eyes, each with a single lens! They are called "Ocelli". Not much is known about them, but they seem to help with detection of the horizon in flight.
Dorsal
Front
Front, profile
Profile
Rear, profile
Ventral
Head, dorsal, showing 3 Ocelli
Face
Body Hair & Spikes
Flies
Diptera
Bristle Fly
Tachinidae
Blue and White Bristle Fly
Microtropesa latigena
Na
em
Thank you James Lumbers for confirming the identification of this species

~12mm long. We can't find any images of this bruiser on-line and id'ed it from the literature; Burwell 1996. The posterior pattern on the abdomen is diagnostic.
Found this one in a flowering Dryland Tea tree (Melaleuca lanceolata)
Posterior
Posterior, above
Dorsal
Dorsal, close
Profile
Facial Hair
Head, dorsal
Wing Venation
Wing, Leading Edge
Palps
Ventral
Flies
Diptera
Bristle Fly
Tachinidae
Mottled Brown Tachinid Fly
Peribaea sp
Na
em
These are all one specimen. Interesting how different reflections can make it look so different.
Wing Venation
Flies
Diptera
Bristle Fly
Tachinidae
Flower Fly
Phasia sp ES1
Na
em
 
Whole + wing venation
Eyes
Flies
Diptera
Bristle Fly
Tachinidae
Massive Blowfly
Prodiaphania sp
Na
em
About 18mm long. Very distinctive wing shape at the shoulder.
Dorsal
Profile
Anterior
Wing
Face
Posterior
Ventral
Flies
Diptera
Bristle Fly
Tachinidae
Green Rutilia Fly
Rutilia simplex
Na
em
Thank you James Lumbers for confirming the identification of this species

A very large fly at 20mm body & head length.
James said "As far the current taxonomy goes, this is absolutely R. simplex. There are no other Rutilia (in Australia) with metallic parafacials."
Dorsal
Profile
Wing Venation
Ocelli
Anterior
Posterior
Ventral
Flies
Diptera
Bristle Fly
Tachinidae
Big Brown Bristle Fly
Rutilia sp ES1
Na
em
This fly was about 16mm long (body & head).
It was very loud when in flew in near us on a hot day (over 40 deg) looking for some shade on the side of the caravan.
It sounded similar to a large wasp or big robberfly.
Dorsal
Profile
Wing Venation
Wing Hairs
Anterior
Posterior
Ventral
Flies
Diptera
Bristle Fly
Tachinidae
Blue Bristle Fly
Rutilia sp ES2
Na
em
Thank you James Lumbers for confirming the identification of this species

This fly was about 16mm long (body & head), weighing 210 milligrams.
It was very loud when in flew in near us on a hot day looking for some shade on the side of the caravan, just like the Big Brown Bristle Fly.
It sounded similar to a large wasp or big robberfly. It was difficult to get the blue seen with the naked eye with the photo's, which appear more green.
James suggested it might be Rutilia scutellata but genital examination is required with most of these Rutilia flies to separate them into species.
Dorsal
Profile
Wing Venation
Frons
Flies
Diptera
Bristle Fly
Tachinidae
Sand Fly
Senostoma sp
Na
em
 
Dorsal, ~11mm
Profile
Anterior
Ventral
Flies
Diptera
Bristle Fly
Tachinidae
Parasitic Fly
Tritaxys sp
Na
em
Thank you Dr Bryan Cantrell for confirming the identification of this species

We see cases from Faggot Case Moths (Clania ignobilis) quite regularly. We finally found a complete one and thought it'd be gr8 to house it in an insect box by the window (to get appropriate light) to finally get images of the adult.
While disapointed that it was parasitised by this fly, we were excited to discover another species.
Rather than injecting eggs into the case, the mother lays eggs on the food plant / leaf that the caterpillar eats. The eggs don't get digested but stay inside the larva until it grows and when about to pupate, use the energy for itself and consumes the moth.
Still baffled at how it managed to get out of the case (it's incredibly strong); one can only assume it saw light at the end of the tunnel and chewed it's way out.
Dorsal, ~11mm
Profile
Face
Posterior
Moth Case
Exit
Inside
Flies
Diptera
Fruit Fly
Tephritidae
False Fruit Fly
Acanthonevroides basalis
Na
a
SynonymsAcanthonevroides bicolour, Acanthonevroides bicolor

Thank you Tony Daley for identifying this species for us

Tony D said "I agree with you on Acanthonevroides, and further keys to A. bicolor, which btw is an SA species. The flies in this genus, like many in Tephridae, are not fruit flies in the strict sense but belong to a family with notorious fruit flies. From Permkam & Hancock (1995) on Acanthonevroides biology : "Biological information is scanty, but the larvae probably develop beneath the bark of trees." "
Flies
Diptera
Fruit Fly
Tephritidae
False Fruit Fly
Austrotephritis pelia
Na
em
 
Female, dorsal, ~4mm
Female, profile, Ovipositor
Female, anterior
Female, Halteres
Female, Head
Female, Wing spines
Female, Wing's pointed
Flies
Diptera
Fruit Fly
Tephritidae
False Fruit Fly
Austrotephritis poenia
Na
ema
 
Male, dorsal
Male, profile
Male, Wing Venation
Male, Head
Flies
Diptera
Stilletto Fly
Therevidae
Wasp Mimicking Fly
Agapophytus aterrimus
Na
em
Thank you Dr Ken Walker for helping with the identification of this species

Thank you Tony Daley for helping with the identification of this species

Thank you Dr Chris Lambkin for identifying this species for us

The 1,000th species posted on the Ellura web site. A BIG thank you to all those experts who have contributed their time & energy to help us identify our local species

Tony, who id'ed this to genus, said the strange hair on the back is "elongate scale-like setae on the scutum".
This beautiful fly was ~10mm long, with a very long mouth/proboscis and antennae. Bascially black with 2 orange/yellow bands on it's wings. The lower front tibia (middle part of the leg) does seem to have a small orange band.
Ken Walker saw the observation on Bowerbird and contacted Chris Lambkin who kindly narrowed it down to species.
Mimics the Calopompilus spider wasp quite well: Spider Wasp
Dorsal
Profile, ~10mm
Elongated scale-like setae on the scutum
Hey gotta go for the eye shot
Anterior, Leg details
Anterior, facial hair
Flies
Diptera
Stilletto Fly
Therevidae
Pale Stilletto Fly
Nanexila sp
Na
em
One found in October.
Dorsal
Profile
Flies
Diptera
Stilletto Fly
Therevidae
Tiny Stilletto Fly
Neodialineura nitens
Na
em
~5mm long, ~9mm wingspan.
One found in November.
Dorsal
Profile
Wing Venation
Halteres
Ventral
Flies
Diptera
Stilletto Fly
Therevidae
Orange Banded Stilletto Fly
Taenogerella schlingeri
Na
em
~10mm long, ~13mm wingspan. An exceptionally long body compared to the wingspan.
Two found on the same night in November
S1: dorsal
S2: dorsal
S2: profile
S2: Wing Venation
S1: Antennae
S1: ventral
Flies
Diptera
Stilletto Fly
Therevidae
Stilletto Fly
Taenogerella sp
Na
em
One found in September.
Flies
Diptera
Large Crane Fly
Tipulidae
Short-palped Crane Fly
Dolichopeza sp
Na
ema
~11mm long, ~24mm wingspan. Legs ~30mm long.
6 specimens found in April, May & June
S5: dorsal
S3: dorsal
S5: profile
S5: profile, close
S4: Wing Venation
S5: Haltere
S5: anterior
S4: head
S1: Mating
S4: ventral
Flies
Diptera
Large Crane Fly
Tipulidae
Long-palped Crane Fly
Ischnotoma eburnea
Na
a
 
Female, back
Female, profile, whole
Female, profile, body
Female, head
Male, back
Male, profile
Male, head
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Odorous Ant
Ant: Formicidae Dolichoderinae
Agile Tyrant Ant
Iridomyrmex agilis
Na
em
There are two specimens here, one smaller than the other. While it's possible they are different species, we suspect they are a different hierarchy of worker. Depending on the species, these heirarchies can consit of minor, medium & major workers. Major workers are also known as soldier ants.
S1: Dorsal, ~6mm, minor? worker
S2: Dorsal, ~7mm, medium? worker
S2: Profile
S2: Anterior
S2: Ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Odorous Ant
Ant: Formicidae Dolichoderinae
Blue Meat Ant
Iridomyrmex lividus
Na
em
Thank you Mark Newton for helping with the identification of this species
 
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Pony Ant
Ant: Formicidae Ectatomminae
Titan Pony Ant
Rhytidoponera mayri
Na
emr
The worker caste is ~13mm long.
The shape of the top of their heads is diagnostic, almost with ears pointing up, as is the petiole. The bottom of the front "shoulders" have small spurs. Under the head is concave, terminating in sharp edges to the rear of the "cheeks". They have a very scaloped exoskeleton.
They have thick spines on the front legs, which are well hidden.
These are quite abundant on Ellura, and in other semi-arid evironments. We have photographed 16 specimens in Jan, Feb, Apr, May, June, Aug, Sept, Oct, Nov & Dec. Apparantly they have long term permenant nests, so will focus on on a local nest during the remaining 2 moths (Mar & Jul) expecting that they don't close their nest at all.
Cleaning up
Carrying a dead centipede
Dorsal
Profile
Face
Thorax with spirical
Antennae
Under head + Shoulder spines
Front & midd leg spines
Antennal Scrobe
Petiole Front
Petiole Side
Anal Hairs
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Pony Ant
Ant: Formicidae Ectatomminae
Green Pony Ant
Rhytidoponera metallica
Na
em
Much smaller than the Titan Pony ant at only ~6.5mm long.
As the "metallica" name suggests a shiny body that reflects greens through to deep purple.
As with all ants, the shape of the head, eye location & shape of the petiole, along with other unique features are required to confirm species id. The lines on the gaster are important to separate out Rhytidoponera species.
This one has the same thick front leg spurs & under shoulder spines as the Titan Pony ant.
Dorsal
Profile
Petiole
Gaster
Mandibles
Face
Thorax & Back of Head
Side fins of Antennal Scrobe
Under Shoulder Spur
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Modern Ant
Ant: Formicidae Formicinae
Golden Black Sugar Ant
Camponotus aeneopilosus ssp aeneopilosus
Na
em
 
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Modern Ant
Ant: Formicidae Formicinae
Vertical Gaster Black Ant
Camponotus cinereus ssp amperei
Na
em
These ants walk around with their backside, or gaster, stuck up in the air. Very unique behaviour.
There's an interesting discussion on iNaturalist about this (and ant "hibernating" stategies) indicating the ants might be lifting their gaster off hot ground.
We will monitor ours to see if we can learn more. At this stage we don't believe it's heat related as their gaster is in the air both in full sun & in the shade (from memory)
Profile
Above
Colony showing Soldiers & Workers
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Modern Ant
Ant: Formicidae Formicinae
Nocturnal Sugar Ant
Camponotus consobrinus
Na
em
 
Whole
Back
Petiole & Gaster
Mandibles
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Modern Ant
Ant: Formicidae Formicinae
Jumbuck Sugar Ant
Camponotus ephippium ssp ephippium
Na
emr
The shape of the back, face and the petiole are diagnostic. This is a minor worker and is about 9mm long. There are no pictures of this species anywhere on the net, so it's taken years to finally find out what it is; using this excellent, ameteur friendly key from the SA museum
We just found a major worker for the first time and are pleased to be able to show a comparision shot, as well as diagnostics for the major worker cast of this species
It was ~13mm long. The minor worker is surprisingly hairy in comparision.
Minor Worker: dorsal
Minor Worker: Petiole & Back
Minor Worker: Face
Colour Difference inside
Minor Worker: ventral
Minor Worker: Mandibles
Minor Worker:Hairy Legs
Minor Worker:Leg Spines
Comparison of Major & Minor
Major Worker: Petiole & Back
Major Worker: dorsal
Major Worker: Mandibles
Major Worker: Face
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Modern Ant
Ant: Formicidae Formicinae
Black-headed Sugar Ant
Camponotus nigriceps
Na
em
This is probably our most abundant Camponotus species. As such, we have included photo's of a Male Alate here. While we are certain the male is a Camponotus genus, we cannot be sure which species it belongs to.
Worker, Whole, dorsal
Soldier, Whole, dorsal
Worker, Spine on the Petiole
Worker, Leg Spurs & Body Hair
Soldier Mandibles
Nest, Whole
Nest, Entrance
Soldier & Worker size comparison
Male Alate, dorsal
Male Alate, profile
Male Alate, anterior
Male Alate, Wing Venation
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Modern Ant
Ant: Formicidae Formicinae
Arid Honey-carrying Ant
Melophorus sp
Na
em
Thank you OneAntToFew for identifying this species for us

Thank you Peter Slingsby for confirming the identification of this species

Looks very much like Big-headed Ants, but have only one petiole node putting it in the a different sub-family.
OneAntToFew also said this was a Major Worker.
Dorsal
Petiole Node
Petiole
Mandibles
Head
Eye
Ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Bull Ant
Ant: Formicidae Myrmeciinae
Black-headed Bull Ant
Myrmecia nigriceps
Na
ema
Other Common NameBull Ant

Black head and tail.
Orange body, pincers and legs.
Front
Profile
Dorsal
Mandibles
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Bull Ant
Ant: Formicidae Myrmeciinae
Giant Red Bull Ant
Myrmecia nigriscapa
Na
a
 
Close, dorsal
Whole, dorsal
Abdomen
Front Leg Spurs
Rear Leg Spurs
Shoulder
Head, dorsal
Head, front
Neck & 3 Jewels (actually 3 Ocelli)
Antenna Socket, Eye, Mandibles & Foot
Antenna
Nest
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Bull Ant
Ant: Formicidae Myrmeciinae
Small Jumping Ant
Myrmecia picta
Na
ema
Thank you Mark Newton for identifying this species for us
 
Dorsal
Queen, with wings
Profile, eating
Head & Shoulder
Abdomen & Back Legs
Antenna, Mandibles & Mouth
Down the pub discussing footy
Cleaning the House
Home Renovations
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Small Ant
Ant: Formicidae Myrmicinae
Spiny Cautious Ant
Meranoplus oceanicus
Na
em
~4mm long. Identified via the key in AntWiki. Diagnostic photo's are shown here.
Dorsal
Profile
Face
Lower Spines
Posterior
Colony
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Small Ant
Ant: Formicidae Myrmicinae
Mono Ant
Monomorium kiliani
Na
a
 
Dorsal
Profile, petiole
Winged
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Small Ant
Ant: Formicidae Myrmicinae
Big-headed Ant
Pheidole sp ES1
Na
em
We found two specimens in close proximity, 2 months apart.
It's possible they are the same species, but different cast, or two different species.
For now we'll publish them as different, but only count them as one.
This one was ~5.5mm long. It seems redder than ES2. It also has a larger gaster, compared to body size, than ES2.
Profile
Mandibles
Head
Petiole
Eye
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Small Ant
Ant: Formicidae Myrmicinae
Big-headed Ant
Pheidole sp ES2
Na
em
This one was ~6mm long, with the same 2 noded petiole & large head.
The back of the dorsal surface of the abdomen has 2 rear facing spines. The 1st node of the petiole has a vertical projection terminating in 2 spines/lumps.
Dorsal
Petiole
Back of Thorax
Spines
Gaster
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Long-tongued Bee
Bee: Apidae
Blue Banded Bee
Amegilla chlorocyanea
Na
ema
Thank you Dr Ken Walker for identifying this species for us

Dr Ken Walker said "The colour of the bands fades with age and the amount of orange varies in a species like A. chlorocyanea."
Donella Billett told us that males have five bands and females have four.
Old Male
Old Male
Adelaide Hills
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Long-tongued Bee
Bee: Apidae
European Honey Bee
Apis mellifera
If
emac
Other Common NameCommercial Honey Bee

Most people think of these insects in a positive light, but like all introduced species are an environmental headache and should be eradicated where possible. Please don't allow bee keepers to use your bush block for bees. Would you allow someone to plough your native vegetation to grow crops? European Bees are just as devastating, but the damage is hidden (eg using up precious hollows used by our birds and reptiles), spreading over many kilometres to neighbouring properties & reserves. Our native bees are also less aggressive and solitary (in SA).
If you thought all European Bees don't look alike, you'd be right. Peri Coleman said
"There are three main races of bees in Australia, and a very few of two other races. Main races used by bee keepers:
1. Italian (yellow banded): have 5 yellow bands, but the Ligurian sub-race has less than 5 yellow bands & have a yellow queen. The Ligurian bees of Kangaroo Island are a sub-race of Italian bees, and the early settlement bees were blackish coloured "Black Germans", but I don't know if any of these are still cultivated
2. Caucasian (bigger, grey): are dark grey, hardly banded at all, and have a long body
3. Carniolan (smallest): have creamy light bands which gives them a greyish look, and are smaller than Italians. They have a dark queen.
Quarantine in North Queensland keeps a close eye out for Asian honeybees as they are likely to bring in Nosema disease.
It is considered they are most likely to get here via shipping to a northern port or by island hopping from New Guinea."
Female worker
New Colony
New Colony
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Long-tongued Bee
Bee: Apidae
Chequered Cuckoo Bee
Thyreus caeruleopunctatus
Na
ema
A fairly large bee at around 12mm long, but also very heavy set & strong. Due to it's behaviour, it has no physical ability to collect pollen for it's young (ie doesn't have a scopa).
Of course the first thing that hits the eye are those bright blue spots contrasted against the black body. It's very obvious to the naked eye. But on closer inspection we were struck by the complex wing shape.
You can see the scalloped shield shape trailing it's back (the scutellum). Because these behave similarly to Cuckoo birds (ie use other's nests) they have a heavy duty back/shield plate to protect them from attack by their hosts; ie when in the host's nest (blue banded bees) the host will attack it to protect it's egg.
When it flew off it was not very happy. Hovering in front of my face, it decided to leave me alone and whizzed past my shoulder. You'd think it would have enjoyed the air-conditioned comfort of our fridge
Dorsal
Profile
Abdomen
Anterior
Stance
Leg Spine
Left Wing
Right Wing
Closed Wings
Ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Colletid Bee
Bee: Colletidae
Yellow Dryland Bee
Callohesma sp
Na
em
Thank you Susanna H for helping with the identification of this species

Thank you Trevor Sless for identifying this species for us

~5mm, found in Dryland Tea-tree (Melaleuca lanceolata) flower.
A bit bembix like, but there are some masked bees that are smooth faced like this too. Very wasp like.
The brown side abdominal splotch is equal on both sides, so not damage or stain, but part of it's markings.
Found one specimen in March
Dorsal
Profile
Face
Wing Venation
Abdomen
Posterior
Ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Colletid Bee
Bee: Colletidae
Colletid Bee
Euhesma bronzus
Na
em
Thank you Dr Ken Walker for identifying this species for us

Dr Ken Walker said "If you look closely at the legs on this bee they are almost hairless - they cannot carry pollen. This is one of Australia's many unique euryglossine bees that carry their pollen load in the crop - first part of the stomach."
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Colletid Bee
Bee: Colletidae
Red Hylaeine Bee
Hylaeus lateralis
Na
em
When explaining how to tell the difference between bees & wasps, Dr Ken Walker said "The antennae of bees are inserted about half way up the face of a bee whereas the antennae of wasps are inserted on lower half of the wasp face."
Profile, ~5mm
Face
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Colletid Bee
Bee: Colletidae
White-shouldered Red Bee
Hylaeus sp
Na
em
 
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Colletid Bee
Bee: Colletidae
Copper Metallic Bee
Leioproctus clarki
Na
em
Thank you Dr Ken Walker for identifying this species for us
 
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Small Bee
Bee: Halictidae
Wahlenbergia Bee
Homalictus urbanus
Na
em
Other Common NameGreen Backed Bee

Thank you Dr Ken Walker for identifying this species for us
 
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Small Bee
Bee: Halictidae
Halictid Bee
Lasioglossum lanarium
Na
a
Thank you Dr Ken Walker for identifying this species for us
 
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Small Bee
Bee: Halictidae
Gold Nomia Bee
Lipotriches australica
Na
em
 
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Small Bee
Bee: Halictidae
Metallic Green Nomia Bee
Lipotriches flavoviridis
Na
em
Thank you Dr Ken Walker for identifying this species for us

Ken Walker said "Two characters in your image show this is not a Homalictus. 1. The large amount of hair on the hind legs (especially the hind femur and tibia). Homalictus carries its pollen load on the underneath of its abdomen. 2. The wing photo shows an elongate (much longer than the 2nd submarginal cell) and strong 3rd submarginal cell. In Homalictus, the 3rd submarginal cell is about the same length as the 2nd submarginal cell but the veins are weaker than those veins of the 2nd submarginal cell"
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Leafcutter Bee
Bee: Megachilidae
Black Resin Bee
Megachile atrella
Na
em
Thank you Dr Ken Walker for identifying this species for us

If you are keen to support the local native bee population, you can easily build a Bee Hotel. Different sized holes attracts different bee species. They're cheap and easy to build from scrap. They last longer left under cover. The best one I've seen is here: www.bowerbird.org.au/observations/26118
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Leafcutter Bee
Bee: Megachilidae
Golden-browed Resin Bee
Megachile aurifrons
Na
em
Other Common NameRed-faced Mastic Bee

These are on the large side for native bees at about 15mm long. Only the females have red eyes. As such, it's harder to identify the males. However, they both have a lovely Golden Brow on their faces. When trying to identify inverts, we amateur humans tend to use colour and patterns. This can be misleading. As you can see here, some look nearly white and others black. This is because the white ones are young and the black old. Many of the black ones white hairs have worn off leaving her dark shell as the primary colour to our naked eyes. There are 2 fundamental types of bee's; those that collect pollen on their legs (eg European Honey Bee) and those that collect it on their abdomen, like this fine lady. As such, you'd think she has a creamy white abdomen. But no, that's the colour of the Dry-land Tea Tree pollen she's collecting. In another area she could an have orange abdomen due to the colour of pollen. Making id very difficult. Finally, why a "Resin" bee. She belongs to the Leafcutter (Megachilidae) family. All species in this family use leaves to line their nests. As you can see in the last photo's, instead of cutting a leaf, she macerates it into a pulp; a "resin"
Forms a very neatly sealed plug to protect her offspring. This hole happens to be one of the screw holes (~10mm diameter) in a table outside. ALL of them are now full. She spent over 2 weeks filling them! As you can see, she's a solitary bee, unlike European bees that build hives. We don't have native social bees in SA, but they do have them in Qld. You will see blue banded bees roost together on a single stem, and other bees nest near each other. This is probably due to those areas being "ideal" locations. eg It's possible more than one female filled our table holes. But each cell is one female, unlike a hive.
Female Head
Female Face
Female Wings
Female Profile
Female Back
Female Abdomen
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Leafcutter Bee
Bee: Megachilidae
Red-browed Leaf-cutter Bee
Megachile chrysopyga
Na
em
The photo's are in reverse order showing a bee leaving after checking out a disused hollow from a Mud nesting wasp.
Dorsal
Abdomen
Posterior
Inside nest
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Leafcutter Bee
Bee: Megachilidae
Gold-barred Resin Bee
Megachile leucopyga
Na
em
 
Profile
Back
White, ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Sawfly
Sawfly: Pergidae
Eucalypt Sawfly
Perga sp
Na
em
Other Common NameSpitfire
 
Larvae: Group
Larvae: Small Group
Larva: Whole Back
Larva: Whole Profile
Larva: Head
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Sawfly
Sawfly: Pergidae
Zebra Sawfly
Pergagrapta turneri
Na
ema
Other Common NameSpitfire
 
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Parasitic Wasp
Wasp: Braconidae
Red Braconid Wasp
Braconidae sp ES1
Na
em
Similar Species: Braconid Mimic Longhorn
Long ovipositor. There is a Longhorn Beetle (Hesthesis sp) that resembles this wasp.
Female, dorsal
Female, ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Parasitic Wasp
Wasp: Braconidae
Orange Braconid Wasp
Braconidae sp ES2
Na
em
Medium length ovipositor
Female, dorsal
Female, profile
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Parasitic Wasp
Wasp: Braconidae
White Flank Black Braconid Wasp
Braconidae sp ES3
Na
a
Possibly Syngaster lepida
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Parasitic Wasp
Wasp: Braconidae
Green-eyed Parasitic Wasp
Euphorinae sp ES1
Na
em
A tiny wasp at ~5mm long, ~7mm wingspan.
This female has an ovipositor ~1mm. It resembles a hatchet wasp from certain angles.
One specimen found in December.
Female: dorsal
Female: profile
Female: Wing Venation
Female: ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Chalcidid Wasp
Wasp: Chalcididae
Hopping Wasp
Brachymeria sp
Na
ema
Other Common NamesChalcid Wasp or Parasitoid Wasp

Thank you Graeme Cocks for identifying this species for us
 
Dorsal, ~5mm long
Profile
Front
Under
Cleaning Wings
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Cuckoo Wasp
Wasp: Chrysididae
Small Cuckoo Wasp
Primeuchroeus sp
Na
a
Thank you Villu Soon for identifying this species for us

These are under 10mm. Other visually similar genera are Chrysis, similar size, & Stilbum, which is closer to 20mm. Villu said "Primeuchroeus has no teeth at the end of metasoma (Chrysis usually has 4 or 6 teeth but other character states are also possible). Primeuchroeus has characteristically curved lower edge of mesopleura. Frontal carina is also typical for Primeuchrous. Radial vein of forewing is usually widely opened in Primeuchroeus but it is not well visible in these photos."
Profile
Dorsal
Rolled up, ~5mm
Abdomen Cavity/Shell
Facial Indent
Antenna in Facial Indent
Outer abdomen + Ovipositor
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Digging Wasp
Wasp: Crabronidae
Sand Wasp
Bembix sp ES1
Na
em
Females do the digging to lay their eggs, and so have digging spines on their front legs (specifically their tarsi which are the feet, the sections between the tibia & the claw).
Each species apparantly makes a different pattern in the sand to cover/hide their nest.
Video:
Female Sand Wasp Digging a runway to it's nest site (3Mb)
Female, dorsal, In Flight
Female, anterior, Digging
Female, posterior
Female, Digging a Trench
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Digging Wasp
Wasp: Crabronidae
Sand Wasp
Bembix sp ES2
Na
em
Each time we get a usable photo of this species it has slightly different markings. While we show 5 different variations here, we only count them as one species as there is no readily available information we can find about their differences.
These markings could be age, gender or species variations; or simple variations from specimen to specimen.
Dorsal
Profile
Ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Digging Wasp
Wasp: Crabronidae
Sand Wasp
Bembix sp ES3
Na
em
It appears adult Sand Wasps eat pollen, but have no pollen carrying ability to feed their young. In fact it seems they feed their young flies!
We can hardly wait to photograph one filling it's nest with a fly to show you.
Dorsal
Posterior
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Digging Wasp
Wasp: Crabronidae
Sand Wasp
Bembix sp ES4
Na
em
~18mm long. Notice the 2 ventral shots with this specimen. They seem very different, but the black marks are hidden when it curves it's abdomen in; they were only visible when it fully stretched out.
Female, dorsal
Female, profile
Female, Wing Venation
Female, Digging Spines on the Tarsi
Female, Digging Spines on the Tarsi
Female, ventral showing Black
Female, ventral hiding Black
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Digging Wasp
Wasp: Crabronidae
Sand Wasp
Bembix sp ES5
Na
em
~17mm long. We think this is a male. Notice the "keel" or abdominal ridge under the abdomen. It seems to have an ovi-positor or stinger, but this seems to be part of a 3 pronged anal appendage that male wasps seem to have.
It also lacks the strong digging spines on it's legs of the female above.
Male, dorsal
Male, profile
Male, Wing Venation
Male, Legs & Keel
Male, ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Digging Wasp
Wasp: Crabronidae
Black Sand-dauber Wasp
Crabronidae sp
Na
em
Similar Species: Zebra Spider Wasp

Thought this was Pison, but Susanna Heideman told us Pison have indented eyes, unlike this one. It's also similar to many on-line images of Tachysphex (but their eye indentations are all mixed). So suspect there is a lot of confusion with online photo's with these. As such, we've put it at family level.
Wings
Profile
Dead, ventral & size, ~12mm long
Dead, Face
Dead, Abdomen
Dead, Profile
Dead, Back
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Digging Wasp
Wasp: Crabronidae
Small Black Digging Wasp
Larrinae sp
Na
ema
 
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Digging Wasp
Wasp: Crabronidae
Black Sand-loving Wasp
Tachysphex sp ES1
Na
em
Thank you Reiner Richter for identifying this species for us

Thank you Dr Ken Walker for confirming the identification of this species

Dr Ken Walker said "The important part of the wing venation is the elongate 3rd submarginal cell"
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Digging Wasp
Wasp: Crabronidae
Cockroach Wasp
Tachysphex sp ES2
Na
em
 
With Cockroach
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Ensign Wasp
Wasp: Evaniidae
Hatchet Wasp
Szepligetiella sp
Na
ema
 
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Gasteruptiid Wasp
Wasp: Gasteruptiidae
White-footed Gasteruptiid Wasp
Gasteruption sp ES1
Na
a
 
Male, Body
Male, Wing Venation
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Gasteruptiid Wasp
Wasp: Gasteruptiidae
Banded-legged Gasteruptiid Wasp
Gasteruption sp ES3
Na
em
These are very thin wasps and difficult to see. The shadow is more visible than the wasp. After nearly 40 photo's with the zoom lens we were lucky to get a reasonably sharp one. It eluded capture however, so wasn't able to get a size nor detailed images. Next year
Female in flight
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Gasteruptiid Wasp
Wasp: Gasteruptiidae
White-faced Gasteruptiid Wasp
Gasteruption sp ES4
Na
em
 
Male, dorsal, antennae ~8mm
Male, profile, ~10mm
Male, Wing Venation
Male, Face
Male, anterior
Male, ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Gasteruptiid Wasp
Wasp: Gasteruptiidae
Tiny Black Gasteruptiid Wasp
Pseudofoenus sp ES2
Na
ema
Thank you Graeme Cocks for identifying this species for us
 
S1: Anterior
S2: Profile
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Ichneumon Wasp
Wasp: Ichneumonidae
Cream-spotted Ichneumon Wasp
Echthromorpha intricatoria
Na
a
A reasonably common wasp in the Adelaide Hills, yet we've not seen any in the Murraylands yet.
These wasps parisitise lepidoptera pupae.
The females have a medium sized ovipositor and are considerably larger than the males (about 18mm compared with 11-12mm for the males).
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Ichneumon Wasp
Wasp: Ichneumonidae
Orange Ichneumon Wasp
Enicospilus sp
Na
ema
Similar Species: Orange Caterpillar Parasite Wasp
Note the different wing venation to other similar Ichneumonidae
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Ichneumon Wasp
Wasp: Ichneumonidae
Infrequent Ichneumon Wasp
Eremotylus sp
Na
em
Similar Species: Orange Caterpillar Parasite Wasp
Thank you Rachel Behm for confirming the identification of this species

Thank you Jonathan Hoskins for confirming the identification of this species

We found 7 specimens, 1 female and 6 males, in July, August & September. The female was ~13mm long, and the shown male ~15mm. We suspect they are different species, but with a lack of knowledge of the genera we can't be sure. Notice the huge ocelli, compared to their size.
It's very interesting that around the world there is confusion about these. There is a new Mirid genus that has been given this name and a couple of databases have confused these with the Mirid bug; clearly not though
LOL
Rachel said "Eremotylus itself is so poorly known so I would love to see the specimen in person. If you see anymore please please take more pictures. I wish I could come over (from America) and catch them. Face and wing shots are very important for this group." We love her enthusiasm for our wildlife.
Given we've found 7 specimens, we are stoked to be able to add these sightings to Citizen Science databases to improve our knowledge of their existance & distribution in South Australia. We encourage everyone out there to post their interesting wildlife photo's to these databases (like iNaturalist) to improve Societies knowledge of our amazing wildlife; it's diversity & distribution.
S6: Male, dorsal
S6: Male, profile
S6: Male, Face
S7: Female, profile
S7: Female, anterior
S7: Female, Wing Venation
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Ichneumon Wasp
Wasp: Ichneumonidae
Armyworm Parasitic Wasp
Ichneumon promissorius
Na
em
About 12mm long, with black body, orange/red legs & white stripes on the abdomen and antennae. The body has several white spots
We have recently bought some jeweler's scales. They only measure in 10mg increments so aren't really accurate enough for inverts. But may work in a comparitive sense (ie between our finds).
This specimen weighed around 30mg.
We found one specimen in February.
Female: dorsal
Female: profile
Female: Wing Venation
Female: anterior
Female: Petiole
Female: ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Ichneumon Wasp
Wasp: Ichneumonidae
Banded-abdomen Ichneumon Wasp
Ichneumonidae sp
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Profile
Anterior
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Ichneumon Wasp
Wasp: Ichneumonidae
Bee Parasitizing Wasp
Labium sp
Na
em
 
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Ichneumon Wasp
Wasp: Ichneumonidae
Orchid-dupe Wasp
Lissopimpla excelsa
Na
ema
Other Common NameDusky-winged Ichneumonid & Orchid Dupe Wasp

Thanks to Thomas Mesaglio, from our facebook group, who gave us a really amazing insight into these wasps:
" 'Orchid dupe' refers to the orchid species Cryptostylis leptochila, which looks similar to the males of Lissopimpla excelsa and tricks them into attempting to mate with it (and thus pollinating it)."
Female, profile
Female, ventral
Female, back
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Ichneumon Wasp
Wasp: Ichneumonidae
Tiger Ichneumon Wasp
Metopius sp
Na
em
 
Dorsal, ~14mm
Dorsal
Profile
Wing venation
Body
Close up
Anterior
Released, cleaning wings
Ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Ichneumon Wasp
Wasp: Ichneumonidae
Orange Caterpillar Parasite Wasp
Netelia producta
Na
ema
Other Common NamesRed Jacket Wasp or Red Soldier Wasp

Similar Species: Orange Ichneumon Wasp
Dangerous looking wasp, but quite placid.
3 purple jewels (actually 3 Ocelli, simple eyes) on top of its head between the compound eyes.
Large wasp with varying shades of light brown to orange across the body.
Clear wings.
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Velvet Ant
Wasp: Mutillidae
Velvet Ant
Aglaotilla sp
Na
a
Thank you Dr Kevin Williams for identifying this species for us

About 7mm long (head & body)
One specimen found in January.
Wingless Female
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Velvet Ant
Wasp: Mutillidae
Red Velvet Ant
Ephutomorpha cf cordata
Na
em
Thank you Dr Kevin Williams for identifying this species for us

A small one at about 5.5mm long (head & body)
Wingless Female
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Velvet Ant
Wasp: Mutillidae
Black Velvet Ant
Ephutomorpha cf sp ES1
Na
em
Thank you Dr Kevin Williams for identifying this species for us

These are actually wasps. But the females are wingless and look like ants; hence the common name.
About 9mm long (head & body)
Wingless Female
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Velvet Ant
Wasp: Mutillidae
Banded Velvet Ant
Ephutomorpha cf sp ES2
Na
em
Thank you Dr Kevin Williams for identifying this species for us

Normally the females are the only velvet ants seen, not because of rarity but probably because they are flightless. However, the odd male (as here) is occationally photographed. There seems to be very little reference material to identifiy Mutillidae family closer than family; so it's quite possible this is the same as a female we have already posted.
About 10mm long (head & body)
Male, dorsal
Male, wing venation & ventral
Male, profile
Male, anterior
Male, body bands
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Velvet Ant
Wasp: Mutillidae
Orange-banded Velvet Ant
Ephutomorpha cf sp ES3
Na
em
Thank you Dr Kevin Williams for confirming the identification of this species

~6mm head & body length.
Has an orange band that wraps all the way round under with a black break on top. Black legs and a pale strip of hairs on the rear of it's abdomen.
Found one specimen in August.
Female: dorsal
Female: profile
Female: Abdomen
Female: ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Velvet Ant
Wasp: Mutillidae
Badge Velvet Ant
Ephutomorpha maculata
Na
em
Thank you Dr Kevin Williams for identifying this species for us

About 7mm long
Female: Dorsal
Female: Profile
Female: Face
Female: Ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Velvet Ant
Wasp: Mutillidae
Gold Ring Velvet Ant
Eurymutilla sp ES1
Na
em
Thank you Dr Kevin Williams for identifying this species for us

About 10mm long (head & body).
A more technical term for wingless insects is "Apterous".
This one is all black. We are pretty sure the brown on top is dirt.
Wingless Female
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Velvet Ant
Wasp: Mutillidae
Gold Ring Velvet Ant
Eurymutilla sp ES2
Na
em
About 9mm long (head & body).
While the same genus this seems to be a different to our other as the top of the body is quite red, as are the antennae. The other is all black.
Female: Dorsal
Female: Profile
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Spider Wasp
Wasp: Pompilidae
Spotted Spider Wasp
Calopompilus sp
Na
em
 
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Spider Wasp
Wasp: Pompilidae
Golden Spider Wasp
Cryptocheilus australis
Na
em
About 19mm body & head length and ~34mm wingspan.
Mainly black wasp with bright orange head, abdomen, antennae, wings & legs. The black thorax seems to be a dirty coloured compared to others in the genus.
The abdomen stripe seems to be diagnostic, which is quite thin with these compared with C. bicolor.
Note the smaller size of these compared with the C. bicolor we've measured.
These also have a black bar across the top of the head between the compound eyes, hiding the Ocelli.

The surprising thing with these is that they hunt Huntsman spider, looking much larger than the wasp. The spider is used to feed the wasps offspring. The adult wasps feed on pollen.
We found 2 specimens in December & February.
S2: Dorsal
S1: Profile
S1: Face
S1: Dirty Colour
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Spider Wasp
Wasp: Pompilidae
Two-coloured Orange Spider Wasp
Cryptocheilus bicolor
Na
a
There are few trusted images of Cryptocheilus sp.
Assuming the bands on the abdomen are one of the diagnostic traits of this genera, C bicolor has quite a thick black abdomen band; and is fairly hairy.
This specimen was about 30mm long, ~50mm wingspan.
Cryptocheilus sp wing tips seem to often have black edges, which here are missing. Possibly due to the wings being so worn. It's possible the black edging is gender related.
The one specimen we found was captured in January.
Dorsal
Profile
Wing Venation
Face
Body Hair
Mandibles
Hind Leg Hairs & Spines
Ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Spider Wasp
Wasp: Pompilidae
Orange Spider Wasp
Cryptocheilus sp ES1
Na
emr
Mainly black wasp with bright orange head, tail, feelers & legs.
Again has 3 purple jewels (actually Ocelli, simple eyes) on its head.
These need revision, as they don't have modern diagnostics. As such, we can only really go to genus. Everyone tends to put them under Cryptocheilus bicolor, but some have black tipped wings, other don't. We don't know the sizes of the specimens in the various on-line photo's, which is generally pretty important.
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Spider Wasp
Wasp: Pompilidae
Black-headed Orange Spider Wasp
Cryptocheilus sp ES2
Na
a
Being ~23mm long, ~35mm wingspan, this specimen was on the smaller side, but not the smallest Cryptocheilus we found. But it is the blackest. With less orange than the other three.
It is also the hairiest, both covered in very short golden hair, as well as haveing some very long rows of hair around it's head & shoulders.
Note the wings have a black band near the body and the head is mainly black, except for an orange stripe along the lower part of it's face (on the "clypeus"). The upper part of the face (the "frons") is not only black, but also covered in the short golden hair; like much of it's body.
This specimen also has the dark wing tips.
Dorsal
Profile
Two-toned Face
Black Head
Wing Venation
Abdomen
Mandibles
Hindleg
Ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Spider Wasp
Wasp: Pompilidae
Yellow Antennae Black Spider Wasp
Fabriogenia sp ES1
Na
ema
~9mm long, ~17mm wingspan.
Very thick, obvious, yellow antennae that often curl at the tips.
The wings are light & dark striped, but transparent.
The body looks similar to the zebra spider wasp in that it has silvery grey stripes, but these are hairs not body colour.
There are only 3 fabriogenia sp described in Australia, and we have 3 different species here; but which is which or if all of ours are undescribed we can't say.
3 specimens found in November, January & March.
Dorsal
Profile
Wing Venation
Back
Flying
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Spider Wasp
Wasp: Pompilidae
Patch-wing Yellow Antennae Spider Wasp
Fabriogenia sp ES2
Na
em
Only one shot of this one, so no measurements to share.
Note the opaque fawn patch on the wings, not seen on the other two in this genus.
Spider hunting wasps are interesting to watch, walking/running around the ground with head & antennae almost scraping it. They are in search of spiders to take to their nest & prepare for their young. Their wings often lift in the air in a fidgety way. We can think of no other reason other than balance. They are very quick as they scurry over huge areas in search of prey. They are very difficult to catch!
One specimen seen in April.
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Spider Wasp
Wasp: Pompilidae
Large Yellow Antennae Spider Wasp
Fabriogenia sp ES3
Na
em
~12mm long, ~26mm wingspan.
This is the first time we've seen white markings on the body, as well as the vertical white stripes on the face of a Fabriogenia. Mind you, they aren't obvious, but definitately missing on other specimens we've seen in this genus.
The top of the hind leg also seems to have a white patch/stripe.
We managed to catch this one only because it was injured. Found in October.
Dorsal
Profile
Face Markings
Wing Venation
Antennae
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Spider Wasp
Wasp: Pompilidae
Small Red Spider Wasp
Psoropempula sp
Na
em
Found in October.
Dorsal, wings down
Dorsal, wings up
Profile
Wing Venation
Anterior
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Zebra Spider Wasp
Wasp: Pompilidae: Pompilinae
Small Zebra Spider Wasp
Ctenostegus sp
Na
em
Similar Species: Large Zebra Spider Wasp
See the other Zebra Spider Wasp (Pompilinae sp) for a discussion of variations in this sub-family.
This specimen was about 9mm long (body & head), wingspan ~15mm. Significantly smaller than the Turneromyia sp we found.
Note the stripes are less distinct, more grey that silvery white.
Also note the 2 sub-marginal cells on the wing venation; diagnostic for this genus.
Dorsal
Profile
Wing Venation
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Zebra Spider Wasp
Wasp: Pompilidae: Pompilinae
Zebra Spider Wasp
Pompilinae sp
Na
emr
Similar Species: Black Sand-dauber Wasp

There are 2 very similar, visually, genera of Zebra Spider Wasps that need wing venation shots to separate; Turneromyia and Ctenostegus sp. They are both in the sub-family Pompilinae.
We have 2 different looking species on Ellura which we've separated out by the abdominal banding. Here you can see the silvery stripes are thinner and sepated on the side. Since we haven't caught one of these we haven't managed to get a good wing venation shot and can't be sure which genus they belong to. The other species which we've caught clearly has Turneromyia wing venation. Here's an excellent image by Tony Daley, Insects of Tasmania, showing the wing venation difference on this link: Wing Venation Difference
Video:
Zebra Spider Wasp Digging (32Mb)
Abdomen
Mandibles
Hunting
Dragging a Spider
Front, with Cob-web
Back
Profile
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Zebra Spider Wasp
Wasp: Pompilidae: Pompilinae
Large Zebra Spider Wasp
Turneromyia sp
Na
em
Similar Species: Zebra Spider Wasp
See the other Zebra Spider Wasp (Pompilinae sp) for a discussion of variations in this sub-family.
This specimen was about 15mm long (body & head), wingspan ~26mm.
Note the much thicker body stripes, which meet on the side of the abdomen. The black head band between the eye is also much stronger & sharper.
Also note the 3 sub-marginal cells on the wing venation.
Dorsal
Profile
Wing Venation
Abdominal Stripes
Anterior
Leg Spines
Ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Parasitic Wasp
Wasp: Pteromalidae
Metallic Blue Parasitic Wasp
Pteromalidae sp ES1
Na
em
Thank you Dr Ken Walker for confirming the identification of this species

Thank you Graeme Cocks for identifying this species for us
 
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Parasitoid Wasp
Wasp: Scelionidae
Small Black Parasitoid Wasp
Scelionidae sp
Na
em
 
Dorsal, <5mm
Profile
Ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Hairy Flower Wasp
Wasp: Scoliidae
Blue Hairy Flower Wasp
Austroscolia soror
Na
a
Thank you Dr Graham Brown for confirming the identification of this species

Very dark blue, looking mainly black except for light reflections.
Note the emarginate eyes.
Having shorter antennae we assume this to be a female.
If it wasn't for the indented eyes Graham said "it could have been one of a couple of thynnid genera - Anthobosca or Austromyzinum but fully black ones of these two genera are rare".
Female: dorsal
Female: profile
Female: Wing Venation
Female: Leg Spines
Female: Abdomen
Female: ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Hairy Flower Wasp
Wasp: Scoliidae
2 Spotted Blue Hairy Flower Wasp
Laeviscolia frontalis
Na
em
This is the 1st record for this family in South Australia on the ALA website (www.ala.org.au). Females have shorter antennae than the males, and the males seem to be smaller. Different sub-species can also have yellow shoulders.
In Melaleuca
Female, cold from fridge, ~30mm
Female, don't try this at home
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Hairy Flower Wasp
Wasp: Scoliidae
Yellow Hairy Flower Wasp
Radumeris tasmaniensis
Na
ema
Thank you Dr Chris Lambkin for helping with the identification of this species

Thank you Dr Graham Brown for identifying this species for us

Like other Scoliid wasps, the females have short antennae, where as males have much longer ones.
We were surprised at the size variations of these. On Ellura we have found and measured two females; 18mm (S2) & 25mm (S3, not shown), found in Apr (S1), Nov (S3) & Dec (S2). Graham said "These wasps are scarab larval parasites and the size varies depending on the size of the host larva." In refering to separating out the 2 species, as listed on Atlas, he said "tasmaniensis in the south and radula in the north. The easiest way to distinguish them is in the colour of the setae on the top of the thorax of the female - it is mostly uniformly reddish brown in the latter where as it is yellowish in tasmaniensis. These hairs are often partially abraided in older specimens."
Perhaps the common name refers to the hairs, rather than the body colour which seems to be more orange. However, of the male images we can find on-line they all seem to be yellow.
S1, Female: dorsal
S1, Female: profile
S1, Female: ventral
S2, Female: dorsal
S2, Female: profile
S2, Female: face, very worn
S2, Female: eye
S2, Female: wing venation
S2, Female: posterior & wing texture
S2, Female: ovipositor
S2, Female: ventral, very worn
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Mud Dauber & Sand Wasp
Wasp: Sphecidae
Thread-waisted Wasp
Parapsammophila eremophila
Na
em
 
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Mud Dauber & Sand Wasp
Wasp: Sphecidae
Orange-tailed Digger Wasp
Podalonia tydei ssp suspiciosa
Na
em
We found 2 specimens on Ellura. The wing venation is the same, as best as we can tell, but there are some differences that we have put down to gender. Bold has 3 images of this species, showing the same variations as here. She had very hairy front legs, perhaps for digging her nest? She also seemed to have a shorter waist.
She was ~17mm long, the male ~20mm, which is fairly close.
Female: dorsal
Male: dorsal
Female: profile
Male: profile
Female: anterior
Male: anterior
Female: Wing Venation
Male: Wing Venation
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Mud Dauber & Sand Wasp
Wasp: Sphecidae
Yellow & Black Mud-dauber Wasp
Sceliphron laetum
Na
em
Other Common NamesCommon Mud Dauber Wasp or Yellow & Black Thread-waisted Wasp

~20mm long, ~26mm wingspan.
A large wasp with a thread waist, and large mandibles. Collects mud to build cells, a nest, for it's young.
When it flies it hangs it's legs making it look even bigger.
Dorsal
Profile
Wing Venation
Anterior & Antenna
Ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Mud Dauber & Sand Wasp
Wasp: Sphecidae
Giant Digger Wasp
Sphex carbonicolor
Na
em
Thank you Kate Sandiford for identifying this species for us

Probably the largest wasp in Australia, with the body & head nearly 40mm long. Sorry for the poor quality photo's. I was still learning to use the new insect boxes (& I suspect I was nervous!). This one's body is covered in white hair, is black and has a brown/golden hue to it's wings. It's mandibles are something you don't want attacking you. At first I thought it was a hook. Then realised it was two crossed mandibles that were much bigger than any spider fangs I've seen! Why I captured it I'll never know. I can't remember doing it, I was obviously in shock
OR JUST STUPID. I originally identified this back in Feb as Prionyx globosus. But Kate used the key here to identify it for us. zookeys.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=5995
While it looks like the antennae have 9, the end one bends so must be 10.
This is the 1st record for this species in South Australia on the ALA website (www.ala.org.au).
Female, profile, ~37mm
Female, Wing Venation
Female, Face
Female, close up
Female, 10 antenna segments
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Mud Dauber & Sand Wasp
Wasp: Sphecidae
Blue-winged Thread-waisted Wasp
Sphex fumipennis
Na
em
 
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Mud Dauber & Sand Wasp
Wasp: Sphecidae
Valuable Digger Wasp
Sphex pretiosus
Na
em
 
Profile
Mouth
Back
Face
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Flower Wasp
Wasp: Thynnidae: Anthoboscinae
Black Flower Wasp
Anthobosca sp
Na
a
Thank you Dr Graham Brown for confirming the identification of this species

We were confused with the gender of this one. It has an ovi-positor AND wings. We thought female flower wasps don't have wings. However, Graham indicated that only sub-families Thynninae & Diamminae have wingless females. As such, we have added sub-family names within Thynnidae here to highlight the difference.
The legs look like they are made for digging.
There are interesting "shields" in front of the antennae on the face that we've never seen before. Do they protect them when digging?
The only specimen we found in February was dead & ~13mm long.
Female: dorsal
Female: profile
Female: Wing Venation
Female: Antennae Shields
Female: Legs
Female: Legs
Female: Legs
Female: ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Flower Wasp
Wasp: Thynnidae: Thynninae
Flat Flower Wasp
Aeolothynnus cf sp ES1
Na
em
Thank you Dr Graham Brown for identifying this species for us

We originally thought this looked like Aeolothynnus westwoodi, but Graham said "not quite sure, certainly not A. westwoodi which has black legs".
Male: Anterior
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Flower Wasp
Wasp: Thynnidae: Thynninae
Small Flower Wasp
Aeolothynnus cf sp ES2
Na
em
Thank you Dr Graham Brown for identifying this species for us

A small, hairy wasp of about 6-7mm. Originally thought this was a Catocheilus sp. But typically we'd expect Catocheilus to be large (~25mm) and smoother. Then we thought Agriomyia sp, but Graham said "more likely to be Aeolothynnus, definitely not Agriomyia which has a broader abdomen"
Male, dorsal
Male, face
Male, hairy
Male, ventral + wing venation
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Flower Wasp
Wasp: Thynnidae: Thynninae
Black & Yellow Flower Wasp
Aeolothynnus cf sp ES3
Na
em
Thank you Dr Graham Brown for confirming the identification of this species

A medium, hairy wasp of ~10mm. Note the totally black head and green eyes, but very similar shape and body markings to A. sp ES2.
We thought it looked Bembix like and Graham said "Bembix always stouter and certainly larger than Aeolothynnus". This highlights the need to get size information with photographs.
Anterior
Profile
Dorsal
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Flower Wasp
Wasp: Thynnidae: Thynninae
Two-coloured Flower Wasp
Aeolothynnus cf sp ES4
Na
em
Thank you Dr Graham Brown for confirming the identification of this species

A small wasp of ~7mm.
Normally we wouldn't associate this with a flower wasp, but it's head & body markings are quite similar to the other Aeolothynnus we've seen.
Superficially it looks quite shiny, but closer inspection shows fine hairs all over the body. And those green eyes.
Note the antennae has a wavy appearance; seen on the ventral shot.
It appears it has an ovi-positor (but aren't sure) & wings; indicating it's female and so not in the Thynninae sub-family. As such, our Aeolothynnus id is quite suspect.
Note also the white spots on the side of the abdomen.
Graham said if it "was a little smaller, it might not be" Aeolothynnus. When we suggested it was a bit Braconid'ish, he sais "too many wing veins for braconids and if anything, they would resemble ichneumonids with the spotted abdomen (and I think nothing else has paired spots), and thynnids have typical aculeate wing venation." Thanks Graham, very useful comments to help separate wasp families
Dorsal
Profile
Wing Venation
Ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Flower Wasp
Wasp: Thynnidae: Thynninae
Gold-lined Flower Wasp
Aeolothynnus cf sp ES5
Na
em
Thank you Dr Graham Brown for confirming the identification of this species

~10mm long, with bluish/grey pale blotches on the abdomen. We couldn't get a clear view of the top side, but ventrally these blotches are like ellipses with off centre hole in the middle.
We think this is a male, as in some shots it looks like an ovi-positor but in one shot you can see 3 clear appendages. We've seen similar in other males.
The facial markings are quite unusual in that they graduate from orangy brown on top to bluish white/grey at the bottom.
The clearest wing venation we were able to get was in the ventral shot.
Dorsal
Profile
Face
Shoulder
Anal Appendages
Ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Flower Wasp
Wasp: Thynnidae: Thynninae
Flower Wasp
Ariphron sp
Na
a
Thank you Dr Graham Brown for identifying this species for us

Originally we thought this was Rhagigaster sp
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Flower Wasp
Wasp: Thynnidae: Thynninae
Flower Wasp
Eirone sp
Na
a
Thank you Dr Graham Brown for confirming the identification of this species
 
Mating
Male
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Flower Wasp
Wasp: Thynnidae: Thynninae
Large Yellow Flower Wasp
Elidothynnus melleus
Na
em
Thank you Dr Graham Brown for identifying this species for us

As with other Thynnid flower wasps, the female is much smaller & wingless. She may also be blind, or at least have poor vision. This is our 1st Thynnidae found on Ellura and luckily we not only saw & photographed them mating (proves male/female relationship), but also caught them to get sizes and detailed photographs.
We released her were we found her, where she'll find a beetle to parasitise with her now fertile eggs.
Even with his large size, he had a lot of trouble flying with her and allowed us to capture them.
While similar in appearance, with the naked eye, to the European Wasp, this species is much larger and has a cigar shaped abdomen. On closer inspection, and with photographs, the differences are much clearer.
A more technical term for reduced wingless insects is "Apterous". Originally thought this was a Catocheilus sp.
Graham also said "this is almost certainly a complex of species that occur around the country. The male fits in my key but the female doesn't."
We since found another 3 pairs of these mating in one Sugarwood tree at the same time, in November.
The males were ~19-22mm, while the females ~10-12mm. It doesn't sound a lot, but the size variation appeared more substantial. Notice there are some differences:
1. The neck/collar has different black markings. It's not at all obvious and you need to get photo's at the right angle to see it.
2.They all had a strong orange tint to their abdomens.
3. The legs, up near the body, look thinner; not as robust.
Graham said "Colour patterns can vary a little and the abdomen can be stretched a bit because the segments can move."
Male, S1: dorsal, ~25mm
Male, S1: profile
Male, S1: anterior
Male, S1: wing venation
Male, S1: ventral
Female, S2: dorsal, ~11mm
Female, S2: profile
Female, S2: ventral
Pair, S1&2: copulating, rotated
Male, S3: dorsal
Male, S5: dorsal
Male, S7: dorsal
Male, S7: dorsal
Male, S3: profile
Male, S7: profile
Male, S3: Collar, dorsal
Male, S3: Collar, profile
Male, S5: Collar, anterior
Male, S7: Collar
Male, S5: Wing Venation
Male, S3: Wing Venation
Male, S5: Abdomen
Male, S5: ventral
Female, S4: dorsal
Female, S6: dorsal
Female, S8: dorsal
Female, S4: profile
Female, S6: profile
Female, S6: anterior
Female, S6: ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Flower Wasp
Wasp: Thynnidae: Thynninae
Small Black Flower Wasp
Iswaroides sp
Na
em
Thank you Dr Graham Brown for identifying this species for us

We caught this male & female mating. The male ~9mm long, while the female was ~6.5mm. Black, with not patterns that we could discern.
Male: dorsal
Female: dorsal
Male: Wing Venation
Female: ventral
Male: ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Flower Wasp
Wasp: Thynnidae: Thynninae
Black Flower Wasp
Lophocheilus sp
Na
a
Thank you Dr Graham Brown for identifying this species for us

~14mm long. We would have thought it was a male based on the long antennae. But it seems to have a very short ovi-positor. Or perhaps it's a stinger. So we can't determine gender.
Resembles a male Velvet Ant (Mutillidae sp), however the hairs are finer, the abdomen more rounded and the eyes larger + more elongated.
Notice the very short hairs on the wings. Given the wings are effectively dead membrane (a bit like human fingernails are dead), it doesn't make sense to try and keep them warm. And it's hard to imagine them improving flight; there are no muscles to lay them down nor lift them in flight. We wonder what they are for?
Dorsal
Profile
Anterior
Wing Venation
Hairy Wings
Abdomen
Ventral
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Flower Wasp
Wasp: Thynnidae: Thynninae
Flower Wasp
Tachynomyia sp
Na
a
Thank you Dr Graham Brown for confirming the identification of this species
 
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Potter Wasp
Wasp: Vespidae
Large Mud-nesting Wasp
Abispa ephippium
Na
em
Other Common NamesAustralian Hornet, Dauber Wasp, Large Mudnest Wasp, Large Mudwasp, Mud Dauber, Potter Wasp
 
Back
Abdomen
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Potter Wasp
Wasp: Vespidae
Large Mud-nesting Wasp
Abispa sp
Na
em
SynonymAbispa abispa

Other Common NamesAustralian Hornet, Dauber Wasp, Large Mudnest Wasp, Large Mudwasp, Mud Dauber, Potter Wasp

Similar Species: Large Mud-nesting Wasp Mimicking Fly
 
Dorsal
Rear
Front
Profile
Waist
Face
Throat
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Potter Wasp
Wasp: Vespidae
Mud-nesting Wasp
Anterhynchium sp
Na
em
Very similar to Abispa sp, but smaller. This one was ~10mm long.
Dorsal
Profile
Posterior
Face
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Potter Wasp
Wasp: Vespidae
Yellow-faced Potter Wasp
Australodynerus cf merredinensis
Na
em
~10mm long. Basically a black wasp, with yellow face markings and orange body patches.
Notice the deeply emarginate eye and wings held up.
In the wing venation description, this shows the difference between this species (top wing) and the very similar looking Paralastor wasps (lower wing).
Dorsal
Profile
Yellow Face
Anterior
Wing Venation
Venation Description
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Potter Wasp
Wasp: Vespidae
Orange Potter Wasp
Delta bicinctus
Na
ema
SynonymEumenes bicincta

Large deep orange wasp with black stripes
They make a mud nest and fill it with a larva for it's offspring to feed on.
The nest is a series of individual cells.
Walking on Water, profile
Walking on Water, front
Female: Face
Female: dorsal
Nest: Filling with Food Lava
Nest: First Cell Sealed
Nest: Second Cell Started, Next Day
Nest: Third Cell showing Food
Nest: Finished >1 month after start
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Potter Wasp
Wasp: Vespidae
Mud-nesting Wasp
Paralastor sp ES1
Na
ema
Thank you Marco Selis for identifying this species for us

~15mm long.
All Vespidae wasps can be recognised as they hold their wings up at rest and have emmarginate (indented) eyes.
As can be seen here, these build nests from mud in a line; one cell after the other.
The sequence here, of S2 building her nest, occurred within 60 sec. It shows her adding to the walls of a new cell, next to a sealed one. They are rotated to show better detail.
We have 4 specimens between Nov & Jan, with the nest being created in early Dec.
We had these as Paralastor, then saw some sightings of Pseudalastor concolor that looked the same. But Marco saw our observation and said "Second submarginal cell is petiolate, this leads to Paralastor."
We set up a graphic showing the difference between the 2nd sub-marginal cell with another potter wasp. Note that "petiolate" means there is a vein joining the marginal cell (top right of each wing) and the 2nd sub-marginal cell. The bottom wing is the Paralastor wasp; S4. Please recognise the veins behind the forwing are showing through, confusing the issue a bit. "Petiolate" indicates leaf-like.
S2: Female: dorsal
S3: dorsal
S4: dorsal
S4: profile
S2: Female:Face
S3: Face
S4: Venation Description
S2: Wing Venation
S3: Wing Venation
S4: Wing Venation
S2: Nest Building Orientation
S2: Arriving with Mud
S2: Arriving with Mud
S2: Placing Mud
S2: Placing Mud
S2: Placing Mud
S2: Fitting Mud
S2: Spreading Mud
S2: Spreading Mud
S2: Spreading Mud
S2: Spreading Mud
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Potter Wasp
Wasp: Vespidae
Ringed Mud-nesting Wasp
Paralastor sp ES2
Na
a
We asked Graham Brown if there was a way to separate out Paralastor wasps, and he indicated in almost all cases it wasn't visually possible at this stage. He's hoping, with luck, they'll be revisted next year. Fingers crossed!
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Potter Wasp
Wasp: Vespidae
Southern Paper Wasp
Polistes humilis ssp humilis
Na
a
These are known to be aggressive, but only if you disturb their nest. Unfortunately gardeners often don't realise a nest is in the hedge they are trimming until they are attacked.
These are social wasps, so build their nests communally. But unlike nesting bees & ants which have queens, these are all fertile females populating each cell with their own egg. They've found a benefit in nesting together and protecting the nest as a group.
Jonathan Hoskins said "The two subspecies do divide fairly decently by location (ssp. humilis is the more southern range, ssp. synoecus is more northern and the only one introduced to Western Australia). In terms of appearance, ssp. humilis is darker with fewer yellow markings on the abdomen and no yellow lines on the propodeum (the rear portion of the thorax). Ssp. synoecus is more yellow with more extensive yellow on the thorax and paired yellow lines on the propodeum."
New Nest, Eggs, all open Cells
Nest, Eggs, some sealed Cells
Expanding a cell in the Nest
Dorsal
Profile
Face
Anterior
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Potter Wasp
Wasp: Vespidae
Orange-striped Potter Wasp
Vespidae sp ES5
Na
em
~13mm long
This specimen was found dead & desicated outside.
It fell apart as we were handling it while photographing.
We thought this was a paralastor wasp, but the wing venation doesn't much (ie the 2nd sub-marginal cell isn't petiolate)
Ventral
Abdomen
Face
Wing venation
Ant Bee Wasps
Hymenoptera
Potter Wasp
Wasp: Vespidae
European Wasp
Vespula germanica
If
a
Other Common NameYellowjacket

There are two very similar introduced wasps in South Australia. This one & the English Wasp (Vespula vulgaris). You probably couldn't tell the difference between them with the naked eye. But with photo's the difference becomes evident. This one has a solid yellow band behind the eye; V. vulgaris has a black patch in the band behind the eye. This one has a thin vertical black line on the face with a black dot either side in the yellow; V. vulgaris has a fat vertical black line on the face with no dots.
The queen looks the same as the worker, with the only reliable differentiation being size. The queen ~20mm long; while the worker is ~14mm long.
The big surprise for us after photographing one was realising how hairy they are. The look very smooth and hairless with the naked eye.
They are one of the most aggressive wasps in Australia; attacking just because you are too close to YOUR picnic lunch. Probably second only to the European Honeybee.
S3, Worker: dorsal
S1: dorsal
S3, Worker: profile
S3, Worker: Face
S4, Queen: ventral

Copyright © 1996- Brett & Marie Smith. All Rights Reserved.
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