Ellura Sanctuary, Swan Reach, SA, 5354
    
A gr8 pictorial reptile key - http://www.samuseum.sa.gov.au/research/biological-sciences/reptiles-and-amphibians/south-australian-reptile-keys
Stat'NotesThumbnails: 202.   36 native species listed, with 19 from Ellura
Animals (Animalia) - Chordates (Chordata) - Reptiles (Reptilia)
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Dragon
Agamidae
Mallee Dragon
Ctenophorus fordi
LC
emr
Woo hoo, our 900th species identified on Ellura!
A little dragon at only about 40mm snout to vent length. They measure reptiles this way because so many loose their tails and total length doesn't really describe them as accurately.
Quite similar to our Nobbi's until you take a closer look
Full length
Profile
Dorsal
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Dragon
Agamidae
Painted Dragon
Ctenophorus pictus
LC
em
Painted dragons are a beautifully coloured, small, dragon lizard native to Australia.
Females are plain brown coloured.
Males come in 4 colour morphs: Blue, Orange, Red & Yellow colours. All male morphs have blue belly & legs. The Blue morphs have a blue throat with white / brown cheeks like females.
Video:
Painted Dragon feet off the hot ground (14Mb)
Painted Dragon hunting ants (10Mb)
Clearly dinner has to be small because this little dragon wasn't interested in eating the ant climbing on it (8Mb)
For years I have tried showing hour camouflaged animals are with photo's and it just doesn't work. Marie has now succeeded with video (4Mb)
A clip showing the motion of a painted dragon as it captures it's prey. (5Mb)
A clip showing the motion of a painted dragon as it captures it's prey. (21Mb)
A clip showing the motion of a painted dragon as it scratches (We think it has a tick near it's eye). (6Mb)
Amazing how close I got to a Painted Dragon (6Mb)
Juvenile Whole
Juvenile Head
Juvenile Back
Female
Orange Morph, Male, Profile
Yellow Morph, Male, Front
Yellow Morph, Male Back
Yellow Morph, Male Head
Blue Morph, Male, Front
Blue Morph, Male, Profile
Blue Morph, Male, Tail Raised
Blue Morph, Male, Poser
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Dragon
Agamidae
Nobbi Dragon
Diporiphora nobbi
LC
em
SynonymAmphibolurus nobbi

Other Common NamesNobbi Lashtail or Nobbi Lizard

Thank you Asimakis Patitsas for confirming the identification of this species

Grey, sometimes with a pale brown star pattern around the eye. This varies with the angle of light.
2 silver grey stripes down the back, which can be sold or with diamond breaks or non-existant.
Large rear legs (almost frog like) with very long toes.
Jacky Lizards (Amphibolurus muricatus) are hard to tell from Nobbi Lizards, but we don't get Jacky's in our area.
We've just discovered a species we do get in the area that is *very* similar, a Mallee Tree Dragon (Amphibolurus norrisi); these have yellow mouths but don't have coloured males. As such, we can be sure our males in breeding colours are D. nobbi; but not so sure if the others are D. nobbi or A. norrisi.
The SA Museum's "Key to the Dragons of South Australia" talks about Nobbi's having 3 or 5 "keel" lines. You can see them clearly in the photo's of the gravid females shown here; they are 5 lines of scales with longitudinal vertical projections.
We recognise the gravid females by the bulging abdomen just forward of the rear legs.
Males in breeding colours have yellow around the eye, 2 yellow dorsal stripes, a pinkish tail and red under-abdomen.
Asimakis said "D. nobbi can appear superficially similar to A. norrisi, but the head is much more elongated and depressed in the latter, and the scalation is quite different overall. Subtle, but different. these two dragons have very interesting distributions in Southern SA." He indicated they are very rare on the western side of the Murray Valley, between the river and the MLR.
S3: Juvenile, back
S3: Juvenile, with Tick
S1: Adult, Head
S1: Adult, Back Patterns
Female, Full Back
S2: Female, Back Scales
S2: Female, Eye & Ear
S2: Female, Whole Profile
S2: Female, with Shadows
S2: Female, Flash Fill
S7: Male, Breeding Colours
S8: Male, Breeding Colours
S8: Male, Breeding Colours, close up
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Dragon
Agamidae
Eastern Bearded Dragon
Pogona barbata
LC
em
Similar Species: Central Bearded Dragon
These are very difficult to distinguish with the Central Bearded Dragon (Pogona vitticeps).
These have a curved spine line (behind the head) and many flank spines (not just one or 2 rows). One of the difficulties is that the skin has folds in the side. They can blow themselves up to look larger, or sitting normally the folds of skin bring the flank spines closer together.
They are very variable in size, colour and attributes. We think the majority of these variations are due to age, environment & health. Suspecting the larger, more colourful specimens being older; and the smaller, grey ones being younger.
Another indicator is that P barbata have yellow mouths, while P vitticeps have pink.
Video:
Eastern Bearded Dragon, slinking away. Notice the head looks like a stump in the ground while it's scanning the area (11Mb)
Arrived under the trailer
"Oh they can see me"
"They can't see me now"
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Dragon
Agamidae
Central Bearded Dragon
Pogona vitticeps
LC
mr
Similar Species: Eastern Bearded Dragon
Thank you Darren Schmitke for identifying this species for us
 
Head
Dorsal
Head
Dorsal
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Venomous snake
Elapidae
Australia Coral Snake
Brachyurophis australis
RA
r
Two of these were found on an expedition North of here, with a team of people helping with id's.
A small beautiful snake with 2 black patches on it's head & neck. Specimen 2 was about 260mm long (full length as we aren't sure where the vent is, we weren't able get ventral shots). The dorsal area is covered with large red patches, of varying widths, separated by white & black diamonds. This gives it a very striped appearance.
They have a curious snout, like a curved up lip.
Shown here is the 1st specimen at the point of release. The 2nd specimen was covered in sand which hid the patterns, but we managed to get the shape of the stout in one shot.
S1: dorsal, moment of release
S1: profile
S2: Head & Snout
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Venomous snake
Elapidae
Yellow-faced Whip Snake
Demansia psammophis
DD
r
One of these was found on an expedition North of here, with a team of people helping with id's.
The black teardrop and pale/yellow highlights is quite unique.
Face
Dorsal
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Venomous snake
Elapidae
Eastern Brown Snake
Pseudonaja textilis
LC
ema
Thank you Matt Campbell for confirming the identification of this species
 
Juvenile, head
Juvenile, whole
Adult, head
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Gecko
Gekkonidae
Marbled Gecko
Christinus marmoratus
LC
ema
Feet are important diagnostics with geckos. So if you find one and photograph it, try to get a shot of it's toes. Even better try and get it on glass/clear plastic so you can get the underneath of toes & feet.
Be very careful if you handle them though, a high proportion are infected with Salmonella.
Plus they drop their tails very easily, which is an important energy store for lean times.
Many specimens of this species have a row of diamond marks running down their tails; we suspect these disipate with age but haven't found any documentation related to them. We have found a gravid female with the marks so it's not just a juvenile trait.
If you google these there is plenty of discussion about how they store calcium, visibule lumps, near their throat for egg production.
They often have blue hues to their skin tone.
With skinks, it's important to count the number of toes they have on both their front & back legs. Both sides too, as sometimes they loose toes, which is not obvious.
However, all geckos have 5 toes & 'fingers'. But they have very different shaped toes, these have suction pads allowing them to climb slipery surfaces such as wet rocks & pebbles. As such, they can be found climbing glass.
We photographed 6 specimens, saw many more. Of the 4 we measured, they ranged in size from about 22mm to 50mm SVL (Snout to Vent Length). The good thing with a photo is we can now see the photos were all taking from mid Jan to mid May. Even snap shots of all the others would have been interesting to see the months spotted.
S1: dorsal
S2: dorsal
S3: dorsal
S4: dorsal
S5: dorsal, on glass
S6: dorsal, Pupil open
S6: dorsal, Pupil narrowed
S4: profile
S3: Foot
S3: Foot
S3: Foot
S4: Foot
S4: Toes
S3: Eye
S3: Head
S4: Calcium Bulges
S4: 'Just hanin'
S4: released
S6: ventral
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Gecko
Gekkonidae
Ranges Stone Gecko
Diplodactylus furcosus
LC
r
A couple of these were found on an expedition North of here, with a team of people helping with id's.
Easily confused with other Diplodactylus gecko's, having a variable wavy stripe on it's back, breaking up on the tail.
The two we found ranged between ~50mm to ~60mm SVL.
Dorsal
Profile
Head
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Gecko
Gekkonidae
Southern Rock Dtella
Gehyra lazelli
LC
em
Notice the unusual toes for Gehyra.
They appear to have suction pads AND still one claw in the middle of each toe.
Only 4 toes, of 5, have a claw (on each foot)
Whole
Head
Toe, ventral
Whole, dorsal
Whole, almost, profile
Head, dorsal
Head, profile
Rear Toes
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Gecko
Gekkonidae
Bynoe's Gecko
Heteronotia binoei
LC
emr
Thank you Matt Campbell for confirming the identification of this species
 
Whole, almost, dorsal
Head
Back
Tail
Tail Texture
Front Foot
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Gecko
Gekkonidae
Beaded Gecko
Lucasium damaeum
LC
r
A few of these were found on an expedition North of here, with a team of people helping with id's.
Quite unique in their patterning, two specimens here show the difference between the original tail & a regrown one.
They have a very large "eyebrow" which generally looks yellow.
The three we found ranged between ~35mm to ~50mm SVL.
S2: dorsal, Original Tail
S3: dorsal, Regrown Tail
S3: iso-view
S3: profile
S3: Head
S3: "Eyebrow"
S1: ventral
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Gecko
Gekkonidae
Eastern Spiny-tailed Gecko
Strophurus williamsi
Na
r
We found one of these an expedition North of here, with a team of people helping with id's.
An amazing eye pattern with knobs on it's tail; not really spines. The spines are in 2 rows of two that extend up to the front legs, becoming irregularly spaced. Overall a dusty grey colour.
~55mm SVL.
Dorsal
Profile
Eye
Tail
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Gecko
Gekkonidae
Barking Gecko
Underwoodisaurus milii
LC
ema
SynonymNephrurus milii

Other Common NameThick-Tailed Gecko
 
Whole, profile
Head, profile
Head, above
Perspective
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Flap-footed Lizard
Pygopodidae
Burton's Legless Lizard
Lialis burtonis
LC
emr
Other Common NameBurton's Snake-lizard
 
Head
Whole
Tongue
Back
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Python
Pythonidae
Inland Carpet Snake
Morelia spilota ssp metcalfei
RA
m
 
Defensive
Head
Body
Tail
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Skink
Scincidae
Speckled Wall Skink
Cryptoblepharus pannosus
LC
em
SynonymCryptoblepharus carnabyi

Other Common NameRagged snake-eyed skink

Similar Species: Mallee Snake-eyed Skink
Thank you David Armstrong for identifying this species for us
 
Whole, dorsal
Whole, profile
Legs & Toes
Head, profile
Head, above
Head, anterior
Coming out of hiding
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Skink
Scincidae
Short-clawed Skink
Ctenotus inornatus
LC
r
SynonymCtenotus brachyonyx

Other Common NameBrown Ctenotus

We found one of these on an expedition North of here, with a team of people helping with id's.
The least striped Ctenotus in the area. 5 fingers & 5 toes, with a yellow belly.
Dorsal
Profile
Anterior
Head
Yellow Belly
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Skink
Scincidae
Eastern Spotted Ctenotus
Ctenotus orientalis
LC
em
Similar Species: Eastern Desert Ctenotus
Extremely fast. Very hard to see, let alone photograph.
The name "orientalis" doesn't refer to Asia as is commonly thought, but "of the East" as in "Eastern".
Video:
Moving (6Mb)
Hunting for insects. (18Mb)
Front
Profile
Back
Head
On the Move
Oops
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Skink
Scincidae
Eastern Desert Ctenotus
Ctenotus regius
LC
r
Similar Species: Eastern Spotted Ctenotus
We found a number of these on an expedition North of here, with a team of people helping with id's.
5 fingers & 5 very long toes.
Very similar to the Eastern Spotted Ctenotus we find here at Ellura. The main difference is the solid line between the eye & the front shoulder seen here, missing on C. orientalis.
There are a couple of specimens depicted here, we suspect S3 is an adult (~65mm SVL & less colourful) & S2 is a juvenile (less spotty). Unfortunately we didn't measure the size of S2.
S3: dorsal
S2: dorsal
S3: profile
S2: profile
S3: Stripe
S3: Head
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Skink
Scincidae
Sandplain Ctenotus
Ctenotus schomburgkii
RA
r
We found many of these on an expedition North of here, with a team of people helping with id's.
Very orange stripes and spots. 5 fingers & 5 very long toes, with a white belly.
Dorsal
Profile
Body close up
Head
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Skink
Scincidae
Tree Skink
Egernia striolata
RA
r
One of these was found on an expedition North of here, with a team of people helping with id's.
A large, robust skink with subtle patterns.
5 fingers & 5 toes
Head
Profile
Anterior
Posterior
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Skink
Scincidae
Broad-banded Sand-swimmer
Eremiascincus richardsonii
LC
mr
We found a number of these on an expedition North of here, with a team of people helping with id's.
They have quite a bit of yellow around the mouth.
The main specimen here lost it's tail at some point, with the 2nd one showing an original tail.
5 fingers & 5 toes
S1: dorsal
S1: profile
S1: anterior
S1: Head
S2: Original Tail
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Skink
Scincidae
Three-toed Earless Skink
Hemiergis decresiensis
LC
ema
Thank you John Fowler for helping with the identification of this species

John identified S1 here, which we had identified as Dwarf Three-toed Slider (Lerista timida), was in fact Hemiergis decresiensis
S1: Whole
S2: Whole
S1: Head
S2: Head
S1: Back
S2: Front Leg
S1: Front Foot
S1: Back Legs
S2: Back Legs
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Skink
Scincidae
Copperhead Skink
Lampropholis guichenoti
RA
ma
Other Common NamesGarden Skink or Pale-flecked Garden Sunskink

Thank you Matt Campbell for identifying this species for us
 
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Skink
Scincidae
Spotted Slider
Lerista punctatovittata
LC
r
A couple of these were found on an expedition North of here, with a team of people helping with id's.
Specimen 1 had an amputated toe and was ~85mm SVL.
As you can see in the photo's, these have very reduced legs and look like snakes when sliding along.
1 finger & 2 toes.
S1: dorsal
S2: dorsal
S1: ventral
S1: Front Leg
S1: Rear Legs
S2: Head
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Skink
Scincidae
Desert Skink
Liopholis inornata
NT
r
One of these was found on an expedition North of here, with a team of people helping with id's.
It was ~75mm SVL
Notice the eye's pupil is more square/diamond shaped rather than perfectly round.
With the eye-lid it'd be easily confused with the more southern located White's Skink (Liopholis whitii). 5 fingers & 5 toes.
Dorsal
Profile
Eye Shape
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Skink
Scincidae
Dwarf Skink
Menetia greyii
LC
emr
~35mm snout to vent length. 4 fingers and 5 toes. Like most skinks, they are variable. The one we found was dark coppery brown above with a dark stripe down each side and pale underneath. The ears opening are minute, hence appears to be earless.
Whole
Body
Profile
Ventral
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Skink
Scincidae
South-eastern Morethia Skink
Morethia boulengeri
LC
em
Other Common NamesBoulenger's Skink, Common Snake-eye or Firetail Skink

Only one specimen found in September. It was a small specimen at ~44mm SVL. Weighting ~1.6gm
The eybrow shot shows the single supraciliary scales interlocking; as opposed to 2 for M. obscura
Dorsal
Profile
Eyebrow
Head Scales
Ventral
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Skink
Scincidae
Mallee Snake-eyed Skink
Morethia obscura
LC
em
Eight specimens found in Oct, Nov, Dec, Jan & Apr.
We haven't managed to catch any yet, so don't have an measurments
We can see two supraciliary scales interlocking; as opposed to 1 for M. boulengeri
Video:
Going through some leaf litter - it's on the left. (6Mb)
Head
Back Pattern
Ventral
Climbing
Full Length
Profile
Copper Colour
Male in Breeding Colours
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Skink
Scincidae
Eastern Shingleback
Tiliqua rugosa ssp aspera
LC
ema
Other Common NamesStumpy, bobtail or sleepy.

Thank you Antoni Camozzato for helping with the identification of this species

Very variable in colour. Also called "stumpy" due to its short fat tail, or "Sleepy" cause they are often seen sleeping on roads, but they can move pretty quickly!
If they feel threatened they will gape their mouth at you to bite and keep turning to face you if you circle them.
Antoni highlighted to us that this is the only sub-species in SA, the other three being found in WA.
Back, Brown
Profile, Big, Black & Yellow
Head
Mating
Blue Tongue Pink Mouth
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Skink
Scincidae
Eastern Blue-tongue
Tiliqua scincoides ssp scincoides
LC
a
Other Common NamesCommon Blue-tongue or Eastern Bluetongue
 
Head, profile
Head, above, showing tongue
Body & Front Leg
Tail & Back Leg
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Blind Snake
Typhlopidae
Southern Blind Snake
Anilios bicolor
LC
r
SynonymRamphotyphlops bicolor

Other Common NameDark-Spined Blind Snake

Daren found one of these at night on an expedition North of here, with a team of people helping with id's.
He came knocking at the caravan door looking for a container to put it in to identify it.
We weren't using a camera flash on this expidition, so got a strong light out to get some clear photo's. But it clearly agittated the snake, so didn't persist.
While much darker (ie black) than the reddish A. bituberculatus specimens we've seen, we have seen reddish A. bicolor photo's on-line, as such, this colour variation is not diagnostic.
The spine was very obvious and it seemed to try and bury it in a finger, which felt scratchy.
Shorter than the A. bituberculatus we've found at ~200mm long, making it look quite stubby/fat.
Dorsal
Profile
Snout
Scales
Ventral; Spine
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Blind Snake
Typhlopidae
Rough-nosed Blind Snake
Anilios bituberculatus
LC
emr
SynonymRamphotyphlops

Other Common NameProng-snouted Blind Snake

Thank you Darren Schmitke for helping with the identification of this species

Went to go to the loo and was frightened by this little fellow.
At first we were concerned it was a baby brown.
It looked like a very large, very active worm. This was a strong hint it was a blind snake, but we weren't taking any chances.
These are non-venomous.
Darren says the brown spot on it's back is probably due to a previous injury.
Unlike their common name suggests they aren't quite blind. They burrow and live underground, so have a scale covering each eye for protection, but it is beleived they can still determine light levels and possibly general shapes.
Whole, on our outside door mat
Dark spot, from a healed injury
Head, showing covered eye & scales
Tongue
Scaled Reptiles
Squamata
Goanna
Varanidae
Sand Goanna
Varanus gouldii
LC
em
More colourful when younger, turning more grey as they age.
Young, Whole, back
Young, Front
Large, Whole
Whole, profile
Whole, posing
Whole, running
Head
Tongue
Whole, camouflaged

Copyright © 1996- Brett & Marie Smith. All Rights Reserved.
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